|Born||Walter Stanley Scheib III
May 3, 1954
Oakland, California, U.S.
|Died||c. June 13, 2015
Near the Yerba Canyon Trailhead in the Sangre de Cristo Mountains near Taos, New Mexico, U.S.
|Cause of death||Drowning|
|Education||The Culinary Institute of America|
|Cooking style||American cuisine|
Early life and work
Scheib was born on May 3, 1954, in Oakland, California, to Walter S. Scheib, Jr. and his wife, Jean Scheib. His father worked for the Atomic Energy Commission, and his mother was an accountant. The Scheibs moved to Bethesda, Maryland, when Walter was a young boy.
Scheib's mother was a devotee of French cooking long before it became popular in the United States, often making paella and bouillabaisse. She also cooked Spanish cuisine, and taught Walter to appreciate unusual flavor combinations. Scheib's favorite television programs were The Galloping Gourmet with Graham Kerr and The French Chef with Julia Child. He asked his mother to allow him to chop vegetable or prepare food so often, that in time he became extremely proficient at cooking and was allowed to prepare all the family's meals. In his teens, he worked in local restaurants as a pot washer, busboy, and prep cook.
Scheib graduated from Walter Johnson High School in Bethesda in 1972. He enrolled at the University of Maryland, College Park, but quit and enrolled at The Culinary Institute of America in Hyde Park, New York, where he graduated in 1979.
After a period where he worked in France, Scheib moved to Washington, D.C., where he found work as a line chef in the kitchen at the Capital Hilton. Within three years, he had risen to the position of chef de cuisine (executive chef).
He moved to the Boca Raton Resort and Club in Boca Raton, Florida, in 1986, where he served four years as the executive chef. Scheib then returned to D.C., where he served briefly as executive chef at the Mayflower Hotel.
In 1990, he took a position as the executive chef at The Greenbrier, a luxury resort near White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia. At The Greenbrier, Scheib directed a staff of 200, and often prepared as many as 1,000 meals a night.
The White House kitchen had been dominated from 1966 to 1987 by Henry Haller, a Swiss-trained chef who emphasized French cooking. His successor, Jon Hill, lasted just five months before being replaced by long-time sous-chef Hans Raffert. But Raffert retired in October 1992, and French-born and trained chef Pierre Chambrin, who succeeded Raffert, was asked to resign in March 1994 after refusing to cook the low-fat American cuisine favored by President Bill and First Lady Hillary Clinton. Most of Chambrin's staff were also asked to leave.
Scheib's mother had just died, and Scheib did not want to take on a new job. Scheib's wife submitted his résumé without his knowledge. He was among 4,000 applicants for the position, and one of just five asked to audition for the First Lady. Mrs. Clinton was impressed with Scheib's managerial skills and ability to prepare hundreds of first-class meals in a short period of time. She also wanted the White House to feature more distinctively American cooking techniques, dishes, and presentation, something she believed Scheib could bring to the White House. She also wanted to get away from the cream- and fat-heavy dishes of French cooking. Scheib was competing against some of the best chefs in the United States, including Nora Pouillon and Patrick Clark (then at the Hay–Adams Hotel). Scheib auditioned before the First Lady and several other women by presenting pecan-encrusted lamb, red-curried sweet potatoes, and morel sauce. While other chefs primarily brought in dishes they normally serve in their restaurants, Scheib's lunch featured a wide variety of American cuisines: Cal-Italian, Mid-Atlantic, Southwestern, Floridian, and even a vegetarian serving. Hillary Clinton hired Scheib after Clark, her first choice, turned her down.
Scheib was initially criticized by anonymous food critics for being hired for his administrative rather than cooking skills. He decried these attacks, and noted that he only had a staff of five full-time and 20 part-time employees.[a] Among his immediate innovations as White House Executive Chef was the establishment of a vegetable garden on the roof of the White House  and the modernization of the kitchen in 1993. He also taught Chelsea Clinton how to cook. Meeting the dining needs of the Clintons was demanding. Hillary Clinton enjoyed hot sauces, and Bill Clinton loved to gorge on cheeseburgers and a 24-ounce porterhouse steak with béarnaise sauce and onion rings whenever the First Lady was absent. Chelsea Clinton's decision to become a vegetarian in 1999 created major problems for the kitchen staff, who could no longer use the same utensils and pans for cooking meat and vegetables.
Bush years and dismissal
White House Executive Chefs do not normally change when a new administration arrives, and, as usual, President George W. Bush and First Lady Laura Bush retained Scheib when they entered the White House in 2000. But the Bushes had different tastes and styles than the Clintons. Laura Bush wanted a more formal presentation at meals, and President Bush disliked soup, salad, and poached fish—staples of Scheib's cuisine. Instead, the president favored peanut butter and honey sandwiches, BLTs, and cheeseburgers. The twin Bush girls both required that the calories in each meal be given to them. After the September 11 attacks in 2001, Scheib's cooking duties were largely restricted to the First Family, as all social engagements at the White House were curtailed for nearly a year. President Bush affectionately called Scheib "Cookie".
Tension between the Bushes and Scheib was soon apparent. An anonymous White House staffer later claimed that Scheib kept serving the Bushes scallops, even though they disliked them. Scheib angrily denied the assertion. The differences became too great, and Scheib was fired by the Bushes in February 2005. He was succeeded in August 2005 by Cristeta Comerford, a White House sous-chef whom Scheib had hired in 1995.
During both the Clinton and Bush administrations, Scheib usually served three meals a day to the First Family. He often worked long hours each day (with no overtime), and as many as six days a week. The number of expected guests at both informal and formal dining occasions fluctuated greatly, and pleasing both First Families took a great deal of attention and care. Both the Bushes and Clintons loved enchiladas, fresh fruit, salads, and sorbets, and both presidents asked for junk food when their wives were not present. During his tenure at the White House, Scheib cooked for a large number of heads of state and VIPs, including Akihito, Emperor of Japan; Tony Blair, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom; Diana, Princess of Wales; Jacques Chirac, President of France; Nelson Mandela, the President of South Africa; and Boris Yeltsin, the first President of Russia.
In 2007, Scheib authored (with Andrew Friedman) a memoir, The White House Chef: Eleven Years, Two Presidents, One Kitchen. He subsequently formed a corporation, The American Chef, which provided his services as a consultant and lecturer, and assisted in planning, preparing, and presenting Scheib-cooked meals for large groups. Between 2007 and 2015, he traveled to nearly every U.S. state and to 154 countries.
An autopsy revealed that Scheib died from drowning on or about June 13. However, due to the cold water temperature of the ravine he was found in, his body was preserved in a manner that made it impossible to determine how long his body had been there.The area where he was hiking is prone to flash floods, and thunderstorms had struck the area the day he went missing.[b]
Scheib met his first wife, Jean Prince, at the Capital Hilton, where she was working as a chef. The couple had two sons, Walter S. Scheib IV (born in 1988) and James Prince (born in 1991). Their marriage ended in divorce.
Scheib then married Yvonne Swartz, but their relationship also ended in divorce.
- The staff consisted of three cooks, a dishwasher, and a pastry chef.
- Scheib's body was found partially submerged in water in an inescapable ravine through which thunderstorm run-off was draining. The site was 25 yards (23 m) off the trail, and about 1.7 miles (2.7 km) from the head of the Yerba Canyon trail.
- Langer, Emily (June 22, 2015). "Walter Scheib, White House Chef Who Served Two Presidents, Dies at 61". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Grimes, William (June 22, 2015). "Walter Scheib, Innovative Former White House Chef, Is Dead at 61". The New York Times. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Scheib & Friedman 2007, p. 3.
- Olney, Judith (May 18, 1994). "Serving America's Cuisine to the Clintons". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Donovan, Sandra Fischione (February 24, 2015). "Washington County Restaurant Week Features Former White House Chef". Pittsburgh Tribune. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Willan, Anne (August 9, 1995). "Presidential Cuisine: White House Chef Walter Scheib Rises to a National Challenge of Altering a Decades-Old Dining Tradition". The Spokesman-Review. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Latvala, Charlotte (December 21, 1994). "From the White House to You". Beaver County Times. p. Weekly 1. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Burros, Marian (March 5, 1994). "High Calories (and Chef!) Out at White House". The New York Times. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Madhani, Aamer (June 22, 2015). "How Ex-White House Chef Scheib Made the Cut". USA Today. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- Asimov, Eric (February 13, 1998). "Patrick Clark, 42, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Tederick 2007, p. 17.
- Tapper, Jake (June 9, 2006). "Former White House Chef Dishes on Presidential Families". ABC News. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Huff, Jeanne (February 28, 2008). "A Chef's Tale of Pots, Pans and POTUS". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Sacks, Danielle (June 22, 2014). "Chelsea Clinton Interview: 'I will always work harder than anyone'". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Gebhart, Ann (February 4, 2005). "White House Chef Is Out In East Wing Social Shuffle". The Washington Post. p. C1.
- Sagon, Candy (August 15, 2005). "Toque of the Town: White House Names 1st Female Executive Chef". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- "Ex-White House Chef Found Dead in New Mexico Died of Accidental Drowning". Associated Press. June 23, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- Sutton, Joe; Malloy, Allie (June 22, 2015). "Missing Ex-White House Chef's Body Found in New Mexico". CNN. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- "Former White House Executive Chef Walter Scheib Found Dead in New Mexico". Associated Press. June 22, 2015. Retrieved June 22, 2015.
- Siegel, Benjamin (June 23, 2015). "Former White House Chef Died From Drowning, Autopsy Shows". ABC News. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- Carrillo, Edmundo (June 23, 2015). "Former White House chef drowned, OMI reports". Albuquerque Journal. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
- Scheib, Walter; Friedman, Andrew (2007). White House Chef: Eleven Years, Two Presidents, One Kitchen. New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780471798422.
- Tederick, Lydia Barker (Spring 2007). "A Look at the White House Kitchens" (PDF). White House History Journal: 10–29.
|White House Executive Chef