Walter Tennyson Swingle
|Walter Tennyson Swingle|
January 8, 1871|
|Died||January 19, 1952(aged 81)|
|Education||Kansas State Agricultural College, University of Bonn|
|Known for||Citrus taxonomy (Swingle system)|
|Spouse(s)||Lucie Romstaedt, Maude Kellerman|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Swingle|
Swingle married Lucie Romstaedt in 1901; she died in 1910. He married Maude Kellerman, daughter of William Ashbrook Kellerman, in 1915 and they had four children. He died in Washington, DC, on January 19, 1952.
Contribution to US agricultural industry
Swingle worked at the United States Department of Agriculture (1891), investigated subtropic fruits, established laboratories in Florida, became an agricultural explorer, and (after 1902) had charge of crop physiology and breeding investigations. He developed the tangelo citrus hybrid in 1897 in Eustis, Florida.
He made several visits to the Mediterranean countries of Europe, to North Africa, and to Asia Minor, from where he introduced the date palm, pistachio nut and other useful plants, as well as the fig wasp, to make possible the cultivation of Smyrna figs in California.
Much of his research is published in the five-volume book, The Citrus Industry, of which he wrote a significant portion.
Plant anatomy collection
An extensive collection related to Swingle and his life, photos and works entitled the "Swingle Plant Anatomy Reference Collection" is hosted at the University of Miami.
- The grain smuts: how they are caused and how to prevent them. 1898.
- Diœcism of the fig in its bearing upon caprification. 1899.
- The date palm and its utilization in the southwestern states. 1904.
- Citrus ichangensis, a promising, hardy, new species from southwestern China and Assam. 1913.
- Citropsis, a new tropical African genus allied to Citrus. 1914.
- Eremocitrus. 1914.
- Chronologic list of the dissertations of Charles Linnaeus 1743 to 1776. 1923.
- New citrus hybrids. 1931.
- Quarantine procedure to safeguard the introduction of citrus plants : a system of aseptic plant propagation.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- "Dr. Swingle, Botanist, Dies at 81". The Miami News. January 20, 1952. p. 59. Retrieved July 24, 2018 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Swingle, Walter Tennyson (1871-1952)". University of Miami. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
- Morton, Julia F. (1987). Fruits of warm climates. Miami, FL: J. F. Morton. pp. 158–160. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- "General Gazetteer of Two Counties and Three Passes". World Digital Library. 1522–1566. Retrieved June 27, 2013.
- IPNI. Swingle.
- Works by or about Walter Tennyson Swingle at Internet Archive
- Walter Tennyson Swingle Collection University of Miami Libraries Special Collections Finding Aid. The collection contain papers, articles, correspondence and other materials that provide information on his botanical and plant introduction work as well as his personal life and travels.
- Swingle Plant Anatomy Reference Collection The site features over 1,700 photomicrographs of plant parts from more than 250 species of plants collected from all over the world, plant structure animations, and information on Walter Tennyson Swingle.
- Walter Tennyson Swingle: botanist and exponent of Chinese civilization