Walter V, Count of Brienne
|Gautier V, Count of Brienne|
Seal of Gauthier
|Spouse(s)||Jeanne de Châtillon|
|Noble family||House of Brienne|
|Father||Hugh of Brienne|
|Mother||Isabella de la Roche|
|Died||15 March 1311
Battle of Halmyros
Gautier or Walter V of Brienne (c. 1278 – 15 March 1311) was born in Brienne-le-Château, Aube, Champagne, France. He was the son of Hugh, Count of Brienne and Lecce, and Isabella de la Roche, daughter of Guy I de la Roche, Duke of Athens. He was the heir of the Brienne claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of Cyprus, as well as to Taranto and Sicily.
The death of his mother's first cousin, Guy II of la Roche, in 1308 brought him the Duchy of Athens. There he found himself hard pressed by the Despot of Epirus, the Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos and the Lord of Vlachia (Thessaly), John II Doukas. In 1310, he hired the Catalan Company, then ravaging the Byzantine Empire, to fight the Byzantine Greeks encroaching on his territory.
After the Company had successfully reduced his enemies, he attempted to expel the Company from Athens with their pay in arrears. The Company refusing this, Walter marched out with a strong force of French knights from Athens, the Morea and Naples and Greek foot from Athens. Walter's army met the Catalans at the Battle of Halmyros (located either near Halmyros in Thessaly or near Orchomenos in Boeotia) on 15 March 1311. The Catalans won a devastating victory, killing Walter and almost all of his cavalry, and seizing his Duchy of Athens, excepting only the Lordship of Argos and Nauplia.
The Catalan Company nominated one of the surviving knights, Roger Deslaur, as their leader and new Duke of Athens by conquest.
In the year 1306 he married Jeanne de Châtillon and had two children:
- Walter VI of Brienne (1302–1356), his successor as Count of Lecce and Conversano, as well as the titular Duke of Athens
- Isabella of Brienne (died 1360), married Gautier III, seigneur d'Enghien and claimed her brother's title to Lecce and Conversano on his death.
- Cawley, Charles, Latin Lordships in Greece, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy, retrieved April 2014
- The Chronicle of Ramón Muntaner, translated into English by Lady Goodenough http://www.yorku.ca/inpar/muntaner_goodenough.pdf
Walter V, Count of BrienneBorn: c. 1278 Died: 15 March 1311
|Duke of Athens
disputed by Walter VI of Brienne
|Count of Brienne