Walter Wilcox is known for his 1890's discovery and exploration of Paradise Valley, Desolation Valley and Prospector Valley near Lake Louise, Ab.. He is accredited with the first ascents of Mount Temple (3,543m), on Aug. 17, 1894 with Samuel S. E. Allen and Lewis Frissell. Walter Wilcox made first ascent on Mount Aberdeen (3,152m), Mount Niblock (2,976m) and Mount Indefatigable (2,670m).
In 1898, Mount Wilcox (2,884m) in the Columbia Icefield area of Jasper National Park was named in Wilcox's honour by J. Norman Collie. The pass that provides easy access to Mt. Wilcox was also named Wilcox Pass.
- Camping in the Canadian Rockies: An Account of Camp Life in the Wilder Parts of the Canadian Rocky Mountains, Together with a Description of the Region About Banff, Lake Louise and Glacier, and a Sketch of the Early Explorations. G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1896
- The Rockies of Canada. G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1900 
- Tales from the Canadian Rockies By Brian Patton
- Biography at Peakfinder
- Wilcox, Walter Dwight (1896). Camping in the Canadian Rockies. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons.
- Works by Walter Dwight Wilcox at Faded Page (Canada)
- Works by Walter Wilcox at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
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