Walter de Huntercombe, 1st Baron Huntercombe

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Walter de Huntercombe
Walter de Huntercombe, 1st Baron Huntercombe.png
Born 1247 (1247)
Status English Baron
Died 1313 (1314) (aged 66)

Walter de Huntercombe, 1st Baron Huntercombe (1247–1313) was an English military commander during the Wars of Scottish Independence and a Governor of Edinburgh Castle.

Around 1283 Huntercombe took part in a military expedition into Wales as part of the wider Conquest of Wales by Edward I. On 4 June 1290, Huntercombe took possession of the Isle of Man for Edward I, the island previously having been under the control of the Scots.[1] In early 1293 King Edward I ordered Huntercombe to relinquish the island to John Balliol, the King of Scots[2] and Edward's vassal.

In 1294 Huntercombe was summoned to Portsmouth by Edward I in view of the French occupation of the Duchy of Gascony. In June 1295 he was rewarded for his service by being created Baron Huntercombe.[3] His arms were ermine, two bars gemells gules.[4]

The Wars of Scottish Independence[edit]

In 1296 and 1297 Huntercombe took part in the Wars of Scottish Independence. By his own testimony, he was at the Capture of Berwick with 20 mailed horses, at the Battle of Stirling Bridge with 32 horses.[5] In 1298 he was appointed Governor of Edinburgh Castle.[3] Huntercombe was also appointed Sheriff of Edinburgh, Linlithgow and Haddington.[6] In 1307 he successfully petitioned the King that he be released from the duty to pay scutage for the two Scottish wars in addition to being granted permission to levy scutage from his tenants. Huntercombe argued for these privileges on the basis that he had served in both wars.[7]

Huntercombe died in 1313 without issue and his barony became extinct.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Barrow, G W S (1965). Robert Bruce. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. pp. 41, 42. 
  2. ^ http://www.isle-of-man.com/manxnotebook/fulltext/hist1900/ch17.htm
  3. ^ a b c Burke, Bernard (1866). A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. Harrison. p. 293. 
  4. ^ Carrick, J.D. (1830). Life of Sir William Wallace, of Elderslie. Constable and Company. 
  5. ^ Simpkin, David (2008). The English Aristocracy at War: From the Welsh Wars of Edward I to the Battle of Bannockburn. Boydell Press. p. 60. ISBN 9781843833888. 
  6. ^ Stevenson, Joseph, ed. (1842). Notices of Original Unprinted Documents: Preserved in the Office of the Queen's Remembrancer and Chapterhouse, Westminster, Illustrative of the History of Scotland. Printed for the Maitland Club. p. 26. 
  7. ^ "Petitioners: Walter de Huntercomb (Huntercombe). Name(s): de Huntercomb... | The National Archives". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 2014-03-31. 
Peerage of England
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Huntercombe
1295–1312
Barony extinct
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Ralph Basset de Drayton
Governor of Edinburgh Castle
1296–1298
Succeeded by
Sir John de Kingston