Walthall M. Moore

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Rep. Walthall Moore Sr.
Walthall M. Moore
Member of the Missouri House of Representatives
from the 3rd District, St. Louis city district
In office
1921-1923[1] – 1925-1931[2]
Personal details
BornMay 1, 1886
Marion, Alabama
DiedApril 8, 1960
St. Louis, Missouri
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)F. A. Ferguson
Alma materHoward University
Occupationpolitician, postal clerk

Walthall M. Moore, Sr. (May 1, 1886 - April 8, 1960[3]) was an American politician from St. Louis who served in the Missouri House of Representatives. He was the first African American to serve in the Missouri state legislature. Moore was a member of the 51st, 53rd, 54th, and 55th General Assemblies. On December 29, 1911, he married Miss F. A. Ferguson in Marion, Indiana.[2]

In 1919, a group of African American men organized the Citizen's Liberty League to help elect African Americans to political office and encourage the appointment of African Americans to public offices. It was an organization associated with the Republican Party seeking support from the party. It helped elect Moore.

Moore represented a constituency where three-quarters of voters were white. He is also known for helping to upgrade and change the name of Lincoln Institute to Lincoln University,[4] a school founded in 1866 by veterans of the United States Colored Troops. Moore was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Missouri in 1928.[5] Until Missouri's capital Jefferson City passed a public accommodations law in the late 1960s, African-American legislators were forced to stay either in private homes or in a dormitory at Lincoln University.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Official Manual State of Missouri 2001-2002". Retrieved 2014-11-20.
  2. ^ a b Charles U. Becker. Official Manual State of Missouri 1929-30. Jefferson City, Missouri: Missouri Secretary of State. p. 93.
  3. ^ Lawrence O. Christensen; William E. Foley; Gary Kremer, eds. (1999). Dictionary of Missouri Biography. Columbia, Missouri: University of Missouri Press. p. 557.
  4. ^ Samuel Chapman Armstrong (1921). The Southern Workman, Volume 50. Hampton, Virginia.: The Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute.
  5. ^ "Index to Politicians, Moore, U to Z". Retrieved 2014-11-20.