Waltham Holy Cross Urban District

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Waltham Holy Cross
Waltham Abbey UD 1911.png
The district in 1911
 • 1911 11,017 acres (44.58 km2)
 • 1931 11,016 acres (44.58 km2)
 • 1961 10,959 acres (44.35 km2)
 • 1911 6,795
 • 1931 8,201
 • 1961 11,655
 • 1911 0.6/acre
 • 1931 0.7/acre
 • 1961 1.1/acre
 • Origin Waltham Holy Cross parish
 • Created 1894
 • Abolished 1974
 • Succeeded by Epping Forest District
Status Urban district
Government Waltham Holy Cross Urban District Council

Waltham Holy Cross was an urban district, north east of central London.[1] The area now forms part of the Epping Forest District.[2] The district of the board included the town of Waltham Abbey as well as neighbouring hamlets including Sewardstone and High Beech, which make up some of the present Waltham Abbey parish.


The large ancient parish of Waltham Holy Cross adopted the Public Health Act 1848 and the Waltham Holy Cross Local Board of Health was formed in 1850.[3] The district was bounded on the west by the River Lea and contained a large part of Epping Forest.

The local government district became an urban district in 1894.

The district was within the Metropolitan Police District and part of the review area of the Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London, however it did not form part of the proposed Greater London area,[4] because it was entirely within the Metropolitan Green Belt and had limited connection to the London built-up area.[5] The urban district was abolished by the Local Government Act 1972 on 1 April 1974, becoming part of the non-metropolitan district of Epping Forest. A successor parish was formed at the same time.[6] By resolution of the parish council, the parish was redesignated as Waltham Abbey with the status of a town, and accordingly is now governed by Waltham Abbey Town Council.

Coat of arms[edit]

The urban district council was granted a coat of arms on 9 November 1956. The black engrailed cross and four gold cross crosslets on a silver ground come from the arms of Waltham Abbey and the lion's face is from the attributed arms of King Harold Godwinson. The crest above the arms featured a stag for Epping Forest. In the stag's mouth was a seaxe, or distinctive notched sword, from the arms of Essex County Council. A heraldic fountain on the stag's shoulder represented the King George V Reservoir. The colours of the torse wreath and mantling were red and white: the livery colours of both Essex County Council and the City of London Corporation, custodians of Epping Forest.[7] The coat of arms of the urban district council were transferred to Waltham Abbey Town Council by Order in Council in 1974.[8]


  1. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Waltham Holy Cross UD. Retrieved 2008-02-27.
  2. ^ "A potted history of Waltham Abbey". pubshistory.com. Retrieved 2017-01-13. 
  3. ^ "Waltham Holy Cross: Economic history and local government". A History of the County of Essex: Volume 5. 1966. Retrieved 2008-02-28. 
  4. ^ Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London: 1957–1960: Report, 1960, HMSO
  5. ^ Sharpe, LJ (1961). The Report of The Royal Commission on Local Government in Greater London. 
  6. ^ The Local Government (Successor Parishes) Order 1973 (1973 No. 1110)
  7. ^ Waltham Abbey Town Council, Civic Heraldry of England and Wales, accessed 28 February 2008
  8. ^ The Local Authorities (Armorial Bearings) Order 1974 (1974 No. 869)

Coordinates: 51°36′N 0°06′E / 51.6°N 0.1°E / 51.6; 0.1