Walthamstow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Walthamstow
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Walthamstow in .
County Greater London
Electorate 64,482 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of parliament Stella Creasy (Labour Co-op)
Number of members One
Created from Walthamstow East
Walthamstow West
18851918
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
Replaced by Walthamstow East and Walthamstow West, Leyton East, Leyton West, and Epping
Created from South Essex
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Walthamstow (Contemp. and Cons. RP) /wɔːlθm̩stəʊ/, (Est. Eng.) /woːwfm̩stɐʏ/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Stella Creasy, a member of the Labour Party and of the Cooperative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Walthamstow in Essex, 1885-1918

1885–1918[edit]

The South-Western or Walthamstow Division of the parliamentary county of Essex was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, when the existing seat of South Essex was divided into three single-member constituencies.

The constituency consisted of the three civil parishes of Leyton, Wanstead and Walthamstow. The area lay on the periphery of the London conurbation and became increasingly suburban over its existence.

The seat was abolished under the Representation of the People Act 1918. Two new constituencies were created with Walthamstow Urban District divided between Walthamstow East and Walthamstow West.[2]

1974 – date[edit]

1974-1983: The London Borough of Waltham Forest wards of Higham Hill, High Street, Hoe Street, St James Street, and Wood Street.

1983-1997: The London Borough of Waltham Forest wards of Higham Hill, High Street, Hoe Street, Lloyd Park, St James Street, and Wood Street.

1997-2010: The London Borough of Waltham Forest wards of Chapel End, Higham Hill, High Street, Hoe Street, Lea Bridge, Lloyd Park, St James Street, and Wood Street.

2010–present: The London Borough of Waltham Forest wards of Chapel End, Higham Hill, High Street, Hoe Street, Lea Bridge, Markhouse, William Morris, and Wood Street.

History[edit]

The seat has been represented by the Labour Party since 1992, before which it was won on a marginal majority in 1987 by a Conservative, having until then (since its 1974 recreation as a seat) been served by one Labour MP, Eric Deakins.

The 2010 result was unusual in defying the national swing, producing a greater than 1% one-party swing to the new Labour candidate, Stella Creasy. She took the candidature from Neil Gerrard who was placed on the left of the Labour party. The Liberal Democrat, Farid Ahmed, has been the runner-up since 2005.

Prominent frontbenchers[edit]

Stella Creasy, the present member, was the Shadow Minister for Crime Prevention.

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat is that part of Outer London closest to Stratford, with its international rail connections, major city shopping centre and London's Olympic Park. To the East the seat borders Walthamstow Forest and Gilbert's Slade, thin sections of Epping Forest, and to the West, the Lea Valley. The eponymous district had as its open space feature a greyhound racing track, which is set for redevelopment into a modernist housing and green space scheme. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly higher than the national average of 3.8% and Greater London average of 4%, at 7.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[3]

Member of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885–1918[edit]

Year Member[4] Party
1885 Edward Buxton Liberal
1886 William Makins Conservative
1892 Edmund Widdrington Byrne Conservative
1897 Sam Woods Liberal
1900 David John Morgan Conservative
1906 John Simon Liberal
1918 Constituency abolished

MPs 1974–present[edit]

Election Member[4] Party
Feb 1974 constituency recreated
Feb 1974 Eric Deakins Labour
1987 Hugo Summerson Conservative
1992 Neil Gerrard Labour
2010 Stella Creasy Labour

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Walthamstow[5][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Stella Creasy 28,779 68.9 +17.0
Conservative Molly Samuel-Leport 5,584 13.4 −0.6
Green Michael Gold[7] 2,661 6.4 +4.5
UKIP Paul Hillman 2,507 6.0 +4.0
Liberal Democrat Steven Dominique Cheung 1,661 4.0 −24.7
TUSC Nancy Taaffe [8] 394 0.9 +0.3
Independent Ellie Merton [9] 129 0.3 n/a
Workers Revolutionary Jonty Leff [10] 81 0.2 n/a
Majority 23,195 55.5 +32.4
Turnout 41,796 62.4 -1.0
Labour Co-op hold Swing +8.8
General Election 2010: Walthamstow[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Co-op Stella Creasy 21,252 51.8 +1.5
Liberal Democrat Farid Ahmed 11,774 28.7 +1.6
Conservative Andy Hemsted 5,734 14.0 −4.2
UKIP Judith Chisholm-Benli 823 2.0 -0.3
Green Daniel Perrett 767 1.9 N/A
TUSC Nancy Taaffe 279 0.7 N/A
Christian Ashar Mall 248 0.6 N/A
Independent Paul Warburton 117 0.3 N/A
Majority 9,478 23.1 -0.1
Turnout 40,994 63.4 +8.8
Labour Co-op hold Swing -0.04

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Walthamstow[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neil Gerrard 17,323 50.3 -11.9
Liberal Democrat Farid Ahmed 9,330 27.1 +12.5
Conservative Jane Wright 6,254 18.2 +0.1
UKIP Robert Brock 810 2.4 +1.5
Socialist Alternative Nancy Taaffe 727 2.1 -0.2
Majority 7,993 23.2 -20.9
Turnout 34,444 54.6 +1.1
Labour hold Swing -12.2
General Election 2001: Walthamstow[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neil Gerrard 21,402 62.2 -1.0
Conservative Nicholas Boys Smith 6,221 18.1 -2.2
Liberal Democrat Peter Dunphy 5,024 14.6 +0.9
Socialist Alternative Simon Donovan 806 2.3 N/A
BNP William Phillips 389 1.1 N/A
UKIP Gerda Mayer 298 0.9 N/A
ProLife Alliance Barbara Duffy 289 0.8 N/A
Majority 15,181 44.1 +1.3
Turnout 34,429 53.5 -9.3
Labour hold Swing -0.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Walthamstow[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neil Gerrard 25,287 63.1 +17.4
Conservative Jill Andrew 8,138 20.3 -16.9
Liberal Democrat Jane Jackson 5,491 13.7 -0.8
Referendum Rev George Hargreaves 1,139 2.8 N/A
Majority 17,149 42.8 +34.3
Turnout 40,055 62.8 -9.6
Labour hold Swing +17.15
General Election 1992: Walthamstow[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Neil Gerrard 16,251 45.7 +10.97
Conservative Hugo Summerson 13,229 37.2 -1.82
Liberal Democrat Peter Leighton 5,142 14.5 N/A
Liberal Vernon Wilkinson 241 0.7 N/A
Majority 3,022 8.5 N/A
Turnout 34,863 72.4 +0.00
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +6.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Walthamstow[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugo Summerson 13,748 39.02 +3.12
Labour Eric Deakins 12,236 34.73 -5.07
Social Democratic Peter Leonard Leighton 8,852 25.1 +3.5
Independent Dr Zafar I Malik 396 1.12 N/A
Majority 1,512 4.29 N/A
Turnout 35,232 72.4 +3.6
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +4.1
General Election 1983: Walthamstow[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Deakins 13,241 39.8 -10.4
Conservative Alan Amos 11,936 35.9 -1.8
Social Democratic Peter Leonard Leighton 7,192 21.6 N/A
National Front P Mitchell 444 1.3 -1.9
Ecology Stephen William Lambert 424 1.3 N/A
Majority 1,305 3.9 -8.6
Turnout 33,237 68.8 -2.5
Labour hold Swing -4.3

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Walthamstow[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Deakins 17,651 50.2 -4.9
Conservative S Eyres 13,248 37.7 +13.4
Liberal Mervyn Peter O'Flanagan 3,117 8.9 -6.1
National Front G Flaxton 1,119 3.2 -2.3
Majority 4,403 12.5 -18.3
Turnout 35,135 71.3 +5.1
Labour hold Swing -9.15
General Election, October 1974: Walthamstow[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Deakins 19,088 55.1 +4.4
Conservative D Arnold 8,424 24.3 -4.0
Liberal Mervyn Peter O'Flanagan 5,199 15.0 -6.0
National Front R Adde 1,911 5.5 N/A
Majority 10,664 30.8 +8.3
Turnout 34,622 66.2 -8.7
Labour hold Swing +4.2
General Election, February 1974: Walthamstow[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Eric Deakins 19,726 50.7 N/A
Conservative PS Gill 10,992 28.3 N/A
Liberal Mervyn Peter O'Flanagan 8,157 21.0 N/A
Majority 8,374 22.5 N/A
Turnout 38,875 74.9 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections 1885–1918[edit]

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Bellairs
General Election December 1910 Walthamstow[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Sir John Allsebrook Simon 16,998 56.1 +1.6
Conservative Carlyon Wilfroy Bellairs 13,275 43.9 -1.6
Majority 3,723 12.2 +3.2
Turnout 30,273 77.4 -0.8
Liberal hold Swing +1.6
Simon
Walthamstow by-election, 1910 [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Allsebrook Simon 16,673 54.5 +1.2
Conservative Louis Stanley Johnson 13,907 45.5 -1.2
Majority 2,766 9.0 +2.4
Turnout 30,580 78.2 -6.8
Liberal hold Swing +1.2
General Election January 1910 Walthamstow[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Allsebrook Simon 17,726 53.3 -4.2
Conservative Louis Stanley Johnson 15,531 46.7 +4.2
Majority 2,195 6.6 -8.4
Turnout 33,257 85.0 +11.1
Liberal hold Swing -4.2

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1906 Walthamstow[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Allsebrook Simon 15,011 57.5 +14.7
Conservative William Isaac Shard 11,074 42.5 -14.7
Majority 3,937 15.0 29.4
Turnout 26,085 73.9 +3.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +14.7
Woods
General Election 1900: Walthamstow [21][22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative David John Morgan 9,807 57.2 +8.3
Lib-Lab Sam Woods 7,342 42.8 -8.3
Majority 2,465 14.4 16.6
Turnout 17,149 70.9 +6.6
Conservative gain from Lib-Lab Swing +8.3

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Dewar
Walthamstow by-election, 1897 [21][22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Lib-Lab Sam Woods 6,518 51.1 +11.4
Conservative Thomas Robert Dewar 6,239 48.9 -11.4
Majority 279 2.2 22.8
Turnout 12,757 64.3 +2.1
Lib-Lab gain from Conservative Swing +11.4
General Election 1895: Walthamstow [21][22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edmund Widdrington Byrne 6,876 60.3 +5.1
Liberal Arthur Joseph Hungerford Pollen 4,423 39.7 -5.1
Majority 2,353 20.6 +10.2
Turnout 11,399 64.2 -8.1
Conservative hold Swing +5.1
General Election 1892: Walthamstow [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Edmund Widdrington Byrne 6,155 55.2 -7.6
Liberal Walter Basden Whittingham 4,965 44.8 +7.6
Majority 1,150 10.4 -15.2
Turnout 11,080 72.3 +9.1
Conservative hold Swing -7.6

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Spicer
General Election 1886: Walthamstow [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Thomas Makins 4,461 62.8 +13.8
Liberal Albert Spicer 2,639 37.2 -13.8
Majority 1,822 25.6 27.6
Turnout 7,000 63.2 -11.8
Conservative hold Swing +13.8
General Election 1885: Walthamstow [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Edward North Buxton 4,300 51.0 n/a
Conservative Thomas Charles Baring 4,125 49.0 n/a
Majority 175 2.0 n/a
Turnout 8,425 75.0 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.

References

  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Leyton was divided into two seats: Leyton East and Leyton West, while Wanstead was included in the Epping constituency. (Youngs, p.727)
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  6. ^ https://www.walthamforest.gov.uk/Pages/ServiceChild/election-results-7May15.aspx
  7. ^ london.greenparty.org.uk/elections/2015-general-election.html
  8. ^ http://www.tusc.org.uk/txt/320.pdf
  9. ^ https://yournextmp.com/constituency/65651/walthamstow
  10. ^ http://wrp.org.uk/images/photos/15-04-07-10813.jpg
  11. ^ "Walthamstow". Election 2010. BBC. Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "UK General Election results 1997 & 2001: Walthamstow". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  15. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results June 1987". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  17. ^ "UK General Election results June 1983". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  18. ^ "UK General Election results May 1979". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  19. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  20. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 2 September 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  22. ^ a b c The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  23. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Essex South
UK Parliament constituency
18851918
Succeeded by
Walthamstow East
UK Parliament constituency
18851918
Succeeded by
Walthamstow West
Preceded by
Walthamstow East
UK Parliament constituency
1974 – present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Walthamstow West
UK Parliament constituency
1974 – present