Carl Walther GMBH
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|Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung (GmbH)|
|Industry||Firearms, Sporting Goods, Defense|
|Founded||Founded 1886; Factory destroyed in World War II
New corporation founded in 1953
|Headquarters||Ulm and Arnsberg, Germany|
|Wulf-Heinz Pflaumer, President of PW Group, Karl Heinz-Luther, Vice President Carl Walther GMBH|
Number of employees
|Subsidiaries||Walther Arms, Inc. Fort Smith Arkansas, USA|
Carl Walther GmbH Sportwaffen German pronunciation: [kaʁl ˈvaltɐ ˈgeˈɛmˈbeˈha ˈʃpɔʁtvafn̩], or simply Walther, is a German arms manufacturer. For more than 100 years, Walther has manufactured firearms and air guns at their facility in Germany. Carl Walther Sportwaffen is a subsidiary of the PW Group. Walther Arms, Inc. is the USA representative for Walther business and is located in Fort Smith, Arkansas. 
Pronunciation of the name Walther
The correct pronunciation of Walther is [ˈvaltɐ] like the English word vaulter. In German, w sounds like /v/, th sounds like /t/, and a is an open front vowel similar to the u in ugly. However, it is common for English speakers not familiar with German phonology to pronounce the name as //.
The history of Walther started with the factory created by Matthias Conrad Pistor who was the chief armorer of the Kassel Armory. Pistor is the ancestor of the Walther family. This plant was operating in 1780 and made pistols and other weapons. It was the granddaughter of Gustave Wilhelm Pistor who married August Theodore Walther whose son Carl Wilhelm Freund established the factory that employed apprentice Carl Wather. This small shop was established in 1886 in Zella-Mehlis, in what was then Hesse but is today Thuringia. The company originally manufactured hunting and target rifles. 
It was not until 1908 that, under the initiative of Fritz Walther, the oldest son of Carl Walther, they began to make pistols. Models 1 through 5 and 7 through 9 were in calibers 6.35 and 7.65. The Model 6 was Walther's first attempt at a 9mm Luger pistol. It used blowback rather than a locked breech and proved unsuccessful, with only around 1,000 made. Its rarity has made it highly sought after on the collectors market. In 1929 they began to make the popular Polizeipistole (police pistols) or PP models. This was followed in 1931 by the first of the PPKs (Polizeipistole Kriminalmodell, or Police Pistol Detective Model). Both PP and PPKs were manufactured in .22 Long Rifle, .32 ACP (the most common caliber), .380 ACP and a very small number in .25 ACP. The PP models were the first mass-produced pistols with stamped parts, but the overall increase in dependability and high quality of production with lower relative manufacturing costs made them the best option to replace the P-08 Luger. In 1938 the German Reich awarded the contract for that replacement to Walther for the 9mm P38 with a weight of 960 g.
With his factory destroyed by World War II and Zella-Mehlis in Soviet-occupied East Germany, Walther was reduced to just a collection of designs and patents. But Fritz Walther started anew and began manufacturing in Ulm, West Germany in 1953. The company resumed production of the P38 (renamed the P1) in 1957 in order to equip the new West German Army, the Bundeswehr, with sidearms. When Fritz Walther died in December 1966, his son, Karl-Heinz, took over the company, which then concentrated on the sports sector and the introduction of new technologies.
In 1993 the Walther firm was acquired by UMAREX Sportwaffen (now part of PW Group) of Arnsberg, Germany who continued to manufacture under the Walther name in Ulm and Arnsberg. The German Walther company is known as Carl Walther Sportwaffen. In 1999 the US based Smith & Wesson company became the authorized importer for Walther Firearms. 
Two of the divisions of the PW Group, Carl Walther Sportwaffen and UMAREX Sportwaffen formed a new US company named Walther Arms, Inc. located in Fort Smith, AR, USA. in 2012. The distribution of Walther arms in the United States was taken over by this new company on January 1, 2013. 
Walther is known for the advanced features that appeared with the PP series. The advent of the single/action, double/action trigger, the decocker lever, and firing pin block safety were first seen on Walther handguns.
In 1937 designs for the 9mm Luger were being developed to replace the expensive to produce Luger designs. Walther produced hammerless and external hammer designs which featured their SA/DA trigger, decocker lever, and a loaded chamber indicator on the models that eventually became the P38 when it was adopted by the German army. The P38 when developed, was considered one of the best natural pointing handguns in existence. Walther's open top recoil action permitted the handgun to continue to fire even if an obstruction in the barrel had caused a bulge in the barrel (typically caused by squid loads).
- Walther OSP
- Walther GSP
- Walther SSP
- Walther Olympia
- Walther SP22
- Walther Model 1
- Walther Model 2
- Walther Model 3
- Walther Model 4
- Walther Model 5
- Walther Model 6
- Walther Model 7
- Walther Model 8
- Walther Model 9
- Walther MP
- Walther HP Army Pistol
- Walther PP
- Walther PP Sport
- Walther PPK
- Walther P38
- Walther Armeepistole
- Walther Special Hi-Power
- Walther Hammerless Target .22
- Walther TPH
- Walther P1
- Walther P4
- Walther P5
- Walther P88/Compact
- Walther P99
- Walther P22
- Walther PPS
- Walther PK380
- Walther PPQ
- Walther PPX
- Walther CCP
- Walther Creed
- Walther FP60
- Walther LPM1
- Walther LP53
- Walther LP400 (five models) 
- Air Rifles
- Walther LGV
- Walther LGR
- Walther LG90
- Walther LGM
- Walther LG200
- Walther LG210
- Walther LG300
- Walther LG400
- Walther CG90
- Walther CGM
- Ballistic Rifles
- Keefe, Mark A., IV "Walther. Carl Walther." American Rifleman October 2013 pp.64-68&110-114
- "Innovationsregion Ulm: Carl Walther". Innovationsregion Ulm. Ulm Innovation Region. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
- "History - Walther Arms". waltherarms.com. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- Smith, W.H.B. (1946). Walther Pistols. Harrisburg, PA: The Military Service Publishing Company. p. 106. ISBN 978-1169109599.
- (in German), KZ Gedenkstätte Neuengamme http://www.kz-gedenkstaette-neuengamme.de/ausstellungen/neuengamme/walther-werke/, retrieved 2009-10-13,
Seit diesem Zeitpunkt stellten Häftlinge [...] Pistolen und Karabiner (Metallwerke Neuengamme, Zweigbetrieb des thüringischen Waffenherstellers Carl Walther. [Transl.: Since this the prisoners built pistols and rifles (Metal Works Neuengamme, a branch of the Thuringian arms manufacturer Carl Walther.]Missing or empty
- "Historical data on Umarex Sportwaffen GmbH & Co. KG". die-erfolgs-strategie.de. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- Zimmerman, Dan. "Walther Splits with Smith & Wesson. Mostly". thetruthaboutguns.com. Retrieved 15 February 2017.
- Walther PPX
- "Sportwaffen - Luftpistolen". carl-walther.de. Retrieved 16 February 2017.
- Walther tactical knives
- Carl Walther Waffenfabrik (1986). 100 Jahre Walther: 1886-1986 (booklet) (in German). Ulm, Germany: Carl Walther Waffenfabrik. OCLC 312091364.