Walton's Restaurant bombing

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Walton's Restaurant bombing
Part of the Troubles
LocationWalton Street, Chelsea, London
Date18 November 1975
21:00 (GMT)
TargetLondon's West End Business'
Attack type
Time bomb
Deaths2
Injuries
23


On 18 November 1975 an Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit nicknamed the Balcombe Street Gang without warning threw a bomb into Walton's Restaurant in Walton Street, Knightsbridge, London, killing two people and injuring almost two dozen others.[1]

Background[edit]

The IRA began a bombing campaign on Britain on 8 March 1973 when they exploded a car bomb outside the Old Bailey which injured 180 people and one man died from a heart attack.[2][3] According to the leader of the Balcombe Street unit, the first bombing they carried out was the Guildford pub bombings on 5 October 1974, which killed five people and injured over 60 for which four innocent people known as the Guildford Four were arrested and received large jail sentences.[4] In February 1975 the Provisional Irish Republican Army agreed to a truce and ceasefire with the British government and the Northern Ireland Office.[5][6] Before the truce, the IRA ASU, later dubbed the Balcombe Street Gang (because of the December 1975 Balcombe Street siege), had been bombing targets in England since autumn 1974, particularly in London and surrounding areas.

Other previous attacks by the unit in 1975 included Scott's Oyster Bar bombing on 12 November, the London Hilton bombing on 5 September and the Caterham Arms Pub Bombing on 27 August. In total the unit carried out around 40 bomb and gun attacks on mainland Britain between October 1974 - December 1975.[7][8][9]

Bombing[edit]

After the 1975 IRA–British Army truce began to break, the IRA's Balcombe Street ASU stepped up its bombing and shooting campaign on mainland Britain. On the night of 18 November 1975 the unit picked Walton's Restaurant to bomb. Two civilians, Audrey Edgson (aged 45) and Theodore Williams (aged 49), were killed [10] when a bomb was thrown by one of the IRA Volunteers through the window of Walton's Restaurant in Walton Street, Chelsea. The device injured 23 other people, the oldest of them 71 years of age. In the bomb the IRA used miniature ball bearings to maximise injuries. Two persons, a man and woman, died at St. Stephen's Hospital shortly after being taken there. According to Dr. Laurence Martin the consultant in charge of the casualty department in St. Stephen's Hospital said that four of those injured required emergency operations.[11] "We have been involved with nine bomb incidents in the past two years but this is the worst," Dr. Martin said.

Senior Scotland Yard official, James Nevin, deputy head of the bomb squad, said that the bomb used in the attack had been a "shrapnel‐like device." containing three pounds of explosives. "This was obviously designed to kill and injure people rather than damage property," he said. "This was a calculated bombing campaign aimed at destroying businesses and scaring customers in London's West End".

Aftermath[edit]

This was the Balcombe Street gang's last major attack during their fourteen-month bombing campaign of the British mainland. The IRA units bombing campaign would come to an end in December 1975 when they were caught at the Balcombe Street Siege which is where the unit got its name from.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1975". Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  2. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  3. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1973". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  4. ^ Green, Tony (3 October 2014). "Guildford pub bombings - when terrorism came to Surrey". Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  5. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1975". Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  6. ^ "CAIN: Events: IRA Truce - 9 Feb 1975 to 23 Jan 1976 - Menu Page". Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  7. ^ Melaugh, Dr Martin. "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1975". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  8. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  9. ^ Sutton, Malcolm. "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". cain.ulst.ac.uk. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  10. ^ "CAIN: Sutton Index of Deaths". Retrieved 15 June 2016.
  11. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (19 November 1975). "Packed Restaurant In London Bombed; 2 Killed, 17 Injured". New York Times. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  12. ^ "CAIN: Chronology of the Conflict 1975". cain.ulst.ac.uk.

Coordinates: 51°29′37″N 0°10′05″W / 51.493696°N 0.168067°W / 51.493696; -0.168067