Wan Azizah Wan Ismail

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Yang Berhormat Datuk Seri Dr.
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
MP, MLA, D.P.P.N. (Penang)
Wan Azizah 2.jpg
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
Assumed office
18 May 2015
Serving with Lim Kit Siang (since 16 June 2015)
Monarch Abdul Halim
Prime Minister Najib Razak
Preceded by Anwar Ibrahim
Constituency Permatang Pauh
In office
9 March 2008 – 28 August 2008
Monarch Mizan Zainal Abidin
Prime Minister Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Preceded by Lim Kit Siang
Succeeded by Anwar Ibrahim
Constituency Permatang Pauh
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Permatang Pauh
Assumed office
7 May 2015
Preceded by Anwar Ibrahim
Majority 8,841 (2015)
In office
29 November 1999 – 28 August 2008
Preceded by Anwar Ibrahim
Succeeded by Anwar Ibrahim
Majority 9,077 (1999)
590 (2004)
13,388 (2008)
8,841 (2015)
Member of the Selangor State Assembly
for Kajang
Assumed office
7 April 2014
Preceded by Lee Chin Cheh (PKRPR)
Majority 5,379 (2014)
President of the People's Justice Party
Assumed office
4 April 1999
Preceded by Position established
General Chief of the People's Pact
In office
1 April 2008 – 28 August 2008
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Anwar Ibrahim
Personal details
Born (1952-12-03) 3 December 1952 (age 62)
Crown Colony of Singapore
Political party PKR of Pakatan Rakyat
Spouse(s) Anwar Ibrahim
Children Nurul Izzah Anwar
Nurul Nuha Anwar
Mohd Ehsan Anwar
Nurul Ilham Anwar
Nurul Iman Anwar
Nurul Hana Anwar
Parents Wan Ismail Wan Mahmood
Mariah Khamis
Alma mater Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland
Occupation Politician
Surgeon
Religion Sunni Islam
Website wanazizahblog.com

Datuk Seri Dr. Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (born 3 December 1952) is a Malaysian politician. She is currently serving as the Leader of the Opposition in Dewan Rakyat after elected as the Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh from 2015. She is also the president of People's Justice Party (Parti KeADILan Rakyat) and elected Selangor state legislative assembly member for Kajang.

She previously also elected as the Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh from 1999 to 2008 and was the Leader of Opposition in Dewan Rakyat from March 2008 until 31 July 2008, before vacated both the positions to expedite her husband Anwar Ibrahim return to political office.

Early life[edit]

Born in 1952 in Singapore,[1] Wan Azizah received her early education in St. Nicholas Convent School, Alor Setar. She continued her education at Tunku Kurshiah College[2] in Seremban before she went on to study medicine at the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland where she was awarded a gold medal in obstetrics and gynaecology and she later graduated as a qualified ophthalmologist.

Wan Azizah served as a government doctor for 14 years before deciding to focus on volunteering work, when her husband, Anwar Ibrahim was appointed the Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia in 1993. As part of her voluntary pursuits, she became a patron of MAKNA (Majlis Kanser Nasional or National Cancer Council) in that period [3][4] and became the second woman to lead a political party in Malaysia's history (Ganga Nayar founded and became the first president of the Malaysian Workers' Party in 1978 [5]).

Wan Azizah has said that she has a Peranakan (Straits Chinese) grandfather but identifies as a Malay Muslim.[6][by whom?]

Political career[edit]

Party founder[edit]

Following the dismissal and arrest of her husband on 20 September 1998, Dr. Wan Azizah earned the respect and admiration of many Malaysians as the leader of the fledgling Reformasi movement. She first led the Social Justice Movement (ADIL), a civil rights NGO, before helping to establish the Parti Keadilan Nasional on 4 April 1999. The establishment of the party saw Dr. Wan Azizah being elected as the first party president.[7]

On 3 August 2003, she brought the party into a merger with the older Malaysian People's Party (or Parti Rakyat Malaysia) which saw the establishment of the People's Justice Party and was elected as the president of the newly merged party.

Member of Parliament[edit]

In the first elections competed by the party in 1999, she led the party to win 5 seats in the Parliament and was herself elected as the Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh; the seat formerly held by Anwar Ibrahim; with a majority of 9,077 votes. She successfully retained the seat in the 2004 elections after five recounts with a reduced majority.[8]

As a political party leader and also a parliamentary representative, Dr. Wan Azizah is involved in many programs and activities domestically and internationally. She has spoken at UN-sponsored programs, and the local and international media. She is also the Vice-Chair of the Malaysian Parliamentary Caucus for Democracy in Myanmar and a member of the ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus.[9]

March 2008 general elections[edit]

Wan Azizah won her parliamentary seat of Permatang Pauh in the 12th Malaysian general election with a majority of 13,388.[10] She was supported by all the component parties of Pakatan Rakyat to lead the opposition in the lower house of parliament, House of Representatives.

With the public announcement by Anwar Ibrahim regarding his intention to return to active politics despite being legally barred from doing so,[11] Dr Wan Azizah has indicated her readiness to vacate the position of party president if he was elected.[12] Nonetheless, she has also indicated that she intends to defend her parliamentary seat for Permatang Pauh.[13] She resigned her parliamentary seat for Permatang Pauh on 31 July 2008, to make way for her husband Datuk Seri Anwar Ibrahim who won the subsequent by-election on 26 August 2008 with a large majority.

Honorary title[edit]

Wan Azizah was honoured on the occasion of the official birthday of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (State Governor) of Penang on 12 July 2008 when she was awarded the Darjah Panglima Pangkuan Negeri (Order of the Defender of the State), a chivalric order of the second rank in the state. The award carries the non-hereditary title of Datuk Seri.[14][15]

2014 Kajang by-election[edit]

On 9 March 2014, PKR announced party president Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail as its new candidate for the Kajang by-election.[16] This is following Anwar Ibrahim sentencing to five years in prison after Malaysia's court of appeal overturns sodomy acquittal causing Anwar to be unable to run in the by-election.[17]

On 23 March 2014, Wan Azizah was elected as the Selangor state legislative assembly member for Kajang.

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia
Year Constituency Opposition Votes Pct Government Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1999 P044 Permatang Pauh, Penang Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (KeADILan) 23,820 61.77% Ibrahim Saad (UMNO) 14,743 38.23% 39,210 9,077 78.95%
2004 Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (PKR) 21,737 50.47% Pirdaus Ismail (UMNO) 21,147 49.1% 43,734 590 80.93%
2008 Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (PKR) 30,338 64.1% Pirdaus Ismail (UMNO) 16,950 35.81% 47,442 13,388 81.17%
2015 Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (PKR) 30,316 57.09% Suhaimi Sabudin (UMNO) 21,475 40.44% 53,102 8,841 74.53%
State Legislative Assembly
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2014 N25 Kajang, Selangor Wan Azizah Wan Ismail (PKR) 16,741 59.6% Chew Mei Fun (MCA) 11,362 40.4% 28,314 5,379 72%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Habibu, Sira; Rahim, Rahimy (3 September 2014). "Party lists PKR president and deputy for Selangor MB post". The Star (Petaling Jaya, Malaysia). Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  2. ^ P Ramakrishnan (8 May 1999). "In Desperate Straits". Aliran.com. 
  3. ^ Parti Keadilan Rakyat: Datin Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
  4. ^ Asiaweek : A Woman of Grace
  5. ^ Bernama Library & Infolink Service: Ganga Nayar Profile
  6. ^ Healy, Tim; Oorjitham, Santha (30 November 2000). "Readying for Elections?". Asiaweek. Retrieved 26 September 2007. 
  7. ^ Parti Keadilan Rakyat: Background & History
  8. ^ Malaysian General Election 2004 : Results for Permatang Pauh
  9. ^ ASEAN Inter-Parliamentary Myanmar Caucus
  10. ^ Malaysian General Election 2008 : Results for Permatang Pauh
  11. ^ Radio Australia: MALAYSIA: Anwar Ibrahim to make political comeback
  12. ^ Daily Express: Wan Azizah agrees to make way for Anwar
  13. ^ Malaysiakini : She's ready to make way for hubby
  14. ^ "CJ and Dr Wan Azizah top Penang awards list". The Star (Star Publications (M) Bhd). 10 July 2008. Retrieved 12 July 2008. 
  15. ^ "Darjah Panglima Pangkuan Negeri". Penang State Government Portal. Government of the State of Penang, Malaysia. Retrieved 12 July 2008. 
  16. ^ Wan Azizah to replace Anwar in Kajang
  17. ^ "Anwar Ibrahim sentenced to five years' prison after Malaysia's court of appeal overturns sodomy acquittal". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 8 March 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Lim Kit Siang
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
2008
Succeeded by
Anwar Ibrahim
Preceded by
Anwar Ibrahim
Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia
2015
Serving with Lim Kit Siang (since 16 June 2015)
Incumbent
Parliament of Malaysia
Preceded by
Anwar Ibrahim
Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh
1999–2008
Succeeded by
Anwar Ibrahim
Preceded by
Anwar Ibrahim
Member of Parliament for Permatang Pauh
2015 – present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Position established
President of the People's Justice Party
1999 – present
Incumbent
General Chief of the People's Pact
2008
Succeeded by
Anwar Ibrahim