Wandsworth Common railway station

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Wandsworth Common National Rail
Wandsworth Common Station. - geograph.org.uk - 20218.jpg
Wandsworth Common is located in Greater London
Wandsworth Common
Wandsworth Common
Location of Wandsworth Common in Greater London
Location Wandsworth Common
Local authority Wandsworth
Managed by Southern
Station code WSW
DfT category D
Number of platforms 2 (2 others rarely used)
Fare zone 3
National Rail annual entry and exit
2011–12 Increase 1.776 million[1]
2012–13 Decrease 1.707 million[1]
2013–14 Increase 1.789 million[1]
2014–15 Increase 1.835 million[1]
2015–16 Decrease 1.690 million[1]
Key dates
1856 Opened (first station on different site)
1858 closed
1869 present station opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
WGS84 51°26′47″N 0°09′49″W / 51.4464°N 0.1635°W / 51.4464; -0.1635Coordinates: 51°26′47″N 0°09′49″W / 51.4464°N 0.1635°W / 51.4464; -0.1635
Underground sign at Westminster.jpg London Transport portal
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal

Wandsworth Common railway station is in the London Borough of Wandsworth in south London. The station and all trains serving it are operated by Southern, and it is in Travelcard Zone 3.

History[edit]

A 1912 Railway Clearing House map of lines around Wandsworth Common railway station

The West End of London and Crystal Palace Railway (WELCR) opened the first station as Wandsworth slightly to the north of the present station on 1 December 1856.[2] From the outset the line was worked by the London, Brighton and South Coast Railway (LB&SCR), and then only ran to and from Crystal Palace. There were plans to extend it to join with the London and South Western Railway (L&SWR) main line nearby, thereby providing access to London Waterloo railway station, but these were rejected by that railway. It was renamed Wandsworth Common on 1 January 1858 before closing later that year on 1 June 1858.[3] It was replaced by a station named New Wandsworth which had opened on 29 March 1858 when the (WELCR) extended its line to Pimlico, and it was purchased by the LB&SCR.[4][5][6]

The station at New Wandsworth was closed when the present Wandsworth Common was opened at its present location by the LB&SCR on 1 November 1869 as part of works to widen the line, and improve the route between East Croydon and Victoria.[7] Further remodelling of the line was undertaken in 1890 to increase capacity.[8]

The lines through the station to Crystal Palace were electrified on 12 May 1911,[9][10] by means of the LB&SCR 'Elevated Electric' overhead system. Work on electrifying the remaining services through the station had begun in 1913 but was interrupted by the First World War and not completed until 1925.[11] By this time the LB&SCR was absorbed into the Southern Railway following the 1921 Railways Act.

In 1925 the Southern Railway decided to adopt a third rail electrification system and the lines through the station were converted between June 1928 and September 1929.[12]

When sectorisation was introduced in the 1980s, the national rail lines were served by Network SouthEast until the privatisation of the British Railways.

Upon privatisation in the 1990s, the national rail lines came under the Connex South Central franchise, which was replaced by the current operator in 2000.

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour is:[13]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Clapham Junction   Southern
Brighton Main Line
  Balham
  Southern
West London Route
 
  Southern
Sutton & Mole Valley Line
 
  Southern
Outer South London Line
 

Connections[edit]

London Buses route 319 and G1 serve the station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ Body, Geoffrey (1989). Railways of Southern Region. Wellingborough: Patrick stephens Ltd. p. 206. ISBN 1-85260-297-X. 
  3. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
  4. ^ Turner, John Howard (1978). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 2 Establishment and Growth. Batsford. pp. 53–9. ISBN 0-7134-1198-8. 
  5. ^ Chronology of London Railways by H.V.Borley
  6. ^ London's Disused Stations volume 6 by J.E.Connor
  7. ^ Turner, (1978) p.250.
  8. ^ Turner, John Howard (1978). The London Brighton and South Coast Railway 3 Completion and Maturity. Batsford. p. 84. ISBN 0-7134-1389-1. 
  9. ^ Moodie, G.T. (1968). Southern Electric 1909-1968=Ian Allan. p. 4. 
  10. ^ Southern Region Record by R.H.Clark (page 61)
  11. ^ Moodie, G.T. (1968). Southern Electric 1909-1968=Ian Allan. pp. 7, 23. 
  12. ^ Moodie, (1968) p.25.
  13. ^ GB eNRT May 2016 Edition, Tables 176, 180, 181 (Network Rail)

External links[edit]