Wang Guan (Cao Wei)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wang Guan
Official of Cao Wei
Born (Unknown)
Died (Unknown)
Traditional Chinese 王觀
Simplified Chinese 王观
Pinyin Wáng Guān
Wade–Giles Wang Kuan
Courtesy name Weitai (traditional Chinese: 偉臺; simplified Chinese: 伟台; pinyin: Wěitái; Wade–Giles: Wei-t'ai)
Posthumous name Marquis Su (traditional Chinese: 肅侯; simplified Chinese: 肃侯; pinyin: Sù Hóu; Wade–Giles: Su Hou)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wang.

Wang Guan (birth and death dates unknown), courtesy name Weitai, was an official of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period.


He lost his parents early.

Cao Cao summoned him to make Assistant of Literature of Chancellor (丞相文學掾). Later, he went outside of the capital, he became County Prefect (縣令) of Gaotang (高唐), Yangquan (陽泉), Zan (酂), Ren (任).

When Cao Pi ascended the throne, he entered the capital becoming Gentleman of the Imperial Secretariat (尚書郎) and Minister of Justice (廷尉監). Afterwards he went outside of the capital and became Administrator (太守) of Nanyang (南陽) and Zhuo Commandery (涿郡). There he built a reputation of defending local people from the invasion of Xianbei (鮮卑) tribe.

When government inspector came to check the state of his administration, he volunteered to degrade his grade on the ground that his region was under the threat of Xianbei, and endured the penalty of sending his own child to the capital as a hostage despite his son was an infirm. Before long he entered the capital and became an official of presiding trials.

When Cao Fang ascended the throne, although Cao Shuang wielded absolute authority, Wang Guan enforced laws with rigor so that Wang Guan confronted Cao's associates several times. As Cao Shuang felt uncomfortable with Wang Guan for this reason, Cao Shuang demoted Wang Guan to Minister Coachman (太僕).

When Sima Yi launched a coup d'état in 249, Wang Guan participated the coup e'tat by becoming a temporary general, the Central Commander of the Army (中領軍), the position of Cao Xi. After Cao Shuang was executed, Wang Guan received the title of a "Secondary Marquis" (關內侯) and was appointed as Imperial Secretariat (尚書) and director of imperial equine operations (駙馬都尉).

In 254, Cao Fang was deposed. Wang Guan was promoted to 中鄉亭侯 and was given the Guanglu Daifu (光祿大夫) and became Right Deputy Director of the Imperial Secretariat (尚書右僕射).

In 260, Cao Mao was killed and Cao Huan ascended the throne. Wang Guan became Marquis of Yang (陽鄉侯) and became Excellency of Works (司空). However days after, he died.

See also[edit]