Wang Guan (Cao Wei)

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Wang Guan
Official of Cao Wei
Born (Unknown)
Died (Unknown)
Traditional Chinese 王觀
Simplified Chinese 王观
Pinyin Wáng Guān
Wade–Giles Wang Kuan
Courtesy name Weitai (traditional Chinese: 偉臺; simplified Chinese: 伟台; pinyin: Wěitái; Wade–Giles: Wei-t'ai)
Posthumous name Marquis Su (traditional Chinese: 肅侯; simplified Chinese: 肃侯; pinyin: Sù Hóu; Wade–Giles: Su Hou)
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Wang.

Wang Guan (birth and death dates unknown), courtesy name Weitai, was an official of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period.


Wang Guan lost his parents early.

Cao Cao summoned him to serve as an Assistant of Literature of Cthe hancellor (丞相文學掾). Later, he was reassigned to serve as the County Prefect (縣令) of Gaotang (高唐), Yangquan (陽泉), Zan (酂) and Ren (任).

When Cao Pi ascended the throne, Wang Guan was recalled to the capital to serve as a Gentleman of Writing (尚書郎) and Minister of Justice (廷尉監). Afterwards, he was appointed as the Administrator (太守) of Nanyang (南陽) and Zhuo Commandery (涿郡). There he built a reputation of defending local people from invasions by Xianbei tribes.

When a government inspector came to check the state of his administration, Wang Guan volunteered to degrade his grade on the ground that his region was under the threat of the Xianbei, and endured the penalty of sending his own child to the capital as a hostage. Before long, he entered the capital and became an official presiding over trials.

When Cao Fang ascended the throne, although Cao Shuang wielded absolute authority, Wang Guan enforced laws with rigour so that Wang Guan confronted Cao Shuang's associates several times. As Cao Shuang felt uncomfortable with Wang Guan for this reason, he demoted Wang Guan to Minister Coachman (太僕).

When Sima Yi launched a coup in 249, Wang Guan participated the coup by becoming a temporary general, the Central Commander of the Army (中領軍), the position of Cao Xi. After Cao Shuang was executed, Wang Guan received the title of a "Secondary Marquis" (關內侯) and was appointed as a Master of Writing (尚書) and Imperial Son-in-Law Commandant (駙馬都尉).

In 254, Cao Fang was deposed. Wang Guan was promoted to Marquis of Zhongxiang Village (中鄉亭侯) and made a Household Counsellor (光祿大夫) and Supervisor of the Masters of Writing (尚書右僕射).

In 260, Cao Mao was killed and Cao Huan ascended the throne. Wang Guan became Marquis of Yang District (陽鄉侯) and Excellency of Works (司空). He died several days later.

See also[edit]