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|Director of the Central Policy Research Office|
|General secretary||Hu Jintao
|Preceded by||Teng Wensheng|
6 October 1955 |
|Political party||Communist Party of China|
|Alma mater||Fudan University
East China Normal University
Wang Huning (simplified Chinese: 王沪宁; traditional Chinese: 王滬寧; pinyin: Wáng Hùníng; born October 6, 1955) is Chinese political theorist and one of the top leaders of the Communist Party of China, and a current member of the party's Politburo. He served as secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee between 2007 and 2012, and as the head of Central Policy Research Office since 2002. Wang is believed to have been one of the principal theorists behind the official political ideologies of three administrations: "Three Represents" by Jiang Zemin, the Scientific Development Concept by Hu Jintao, and the Chinese Dream of Xi Jinping.
Born in Shanghai, Wang traces his heritage to Ye County, Shandong province. Wang's name, "Huning", literally means "peaceful Shanghai". Wang was recommended to enter East China Normal University in 1974 to study the French language. He was enrolled in the Department of International Politics at Fudan University in 1977 to pursue his postgraduate degree, while conducting research for the Shanghai Academy of Social Science. His mentors were Chen Qiren and Wang Bangzuo. After graduation, Wang stayed at Fudan University, and by 1985 was named professor of law at age 30, becoming the youngest law professor in the history of the university.
Beginning in the 1980s, Wang wrote columns and essays for numerous party-sanctioned publications and once appeared on the cover of news magazine Banyuetan (半月谈). His work attracted attention from political leaders in Shanghai. In 1993, Wang led the Fudan student debate team to participate in a Chinese-language international college debate competition held in Singapore. The team won the championship between 1988 and 1993, greatly enhancing Wang's reputation.
From 1995, Wang was referred to work for the party's central authorities on recommendation from top Shanghai politicians Zeng Qinghong and Wu Bangguo, both of whom maintained close relationships with then-party General Secretary Jiang Zemin. Wang initially headed the political research team at the Central Policy Research Office, and was promoted in April 1998 to deputy director of the Office. He was promoted to director of the Office in 2002. Wang was regarded as one of major brain-powers of Jiang Zemin and participated in the drafting of the "Three Represents" ideology, regarded as the main theoretical contribution of Jiang to the party's ideological lexicon.
In November 2007, Wang was admitted to the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China. He began accompanying General Secretary Hu Jintao on foreign trips, and played a leading role in drafting the "Scientific Outlook on Development" ideology of Hu Jintao. He was elected to the 18th Politburo of the Communist Party of China in November 2012, becoming the first director of the Policy Research Office to hold a seat on the elite ruling council. Following the ascension of Xi Jinping to the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in November 2012, Wang nurtured a close relationship with Xi, again emerging as one of the central members of Xi's entourage on international trips and seen to be one of Xi's closest advisors.
Wang authored several books, including Logic of Politics - the Principal of Marxism Politics, America against America, General Introduction to New Politics, Analysis of Modern Western Politics, Analysis of Comparative Politics, and Debate Contest in Lion City.
- "Biography of Wang Huning". China Vitae. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
- "胡少江评论：从三个代表到中国梦，王沪宁江郎才尽". Radio Free Asia (Cantonese service). April 26, 2013.
- "大专辩论会与王沪宁". November 6, 2014.