The term wangai/wongi derives from a verbal root meaning 'to speak'.[a]
The more formal term is Wongatha.
The Wongi tribal peoples lived in the territory that extended from the coastal area of the Southern Ocean, at Esperance north as far as the Warburton Ranges, and thus is inclusive of biogeographic areas of Coolgardie, South-East Wiluna and the Western half of the Great Victoria Desert.
The Wongi are culturally diverse, consisting of groups that speak or descend from speakers of any of the languages belonging to the dialect continuum of the Wati languages. For example, the Ngaanyatjarra, just one component of the Wongi, are themselves formed from at least people came from eleven distinct tribes.
Native title claims
After a 3-week stay in 1930 at Mount Margaret Mission, near Laverton, during which he met relatively few indigenous peoples, the man who was to become the doyen of Australian aboriginal studies, A. P. Elkin wrote out his impression that the native tribes indigenous to this area had become extinct, and those then present had arrived there relatively recently after migrating from the Warburrton Ranges. This obscure item came to light with the passing of the Native Title Acts in the 1990s, when the Wongatha made a claim for extensive rights to land from Mt Margaret eastwards. 
The Wongi Wongatha-Wonganarra Aboriginal Corporation (WWAC) was put into liquidation in 2010.
Today their Native Title land rights interests are represented by the Goldfields Aboriginal Land and Sea Council Corporation.
- Indigenous Australians
- Aboriginal History of Western Australia
- Australian outback literature of the 20th century
- Bedells, Stephen J. (2010). Incarcerating Indigenous people of the Wongatha lands in the Eastern Goldfields of Western Australia: Indigenous leaders' perspectives. Edith Cowan University M.A. thesis.
- "Notice of annual meeting of creditors: Wongatha Wonganarra Aboriginal Corporation". ASIC. 2016.
- "Goldfields Land and Sea Council". Goldfields Land and Sea Council. 2016.
- Elkin, A. P. (1943) . The Australian Aborigines: How to Understand Them (2 ed.). Angus and Robertson.
- Mathews, R. H. (October–December 1907). "Languages of Some Tribes of Western Australia". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. 46 (187): 361–368.
- Muller, Craig (2004). "The 'allurements of the European presence': Examining explanations of Wongatha behaviour in the northern Goldfields of Western Australia" (PDF). Aboriginal History. 38: 59–87.