Wangkumara language

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Wangkumara
Wongkumara
Region Queensland
Extinct probably by 2005[1]
Dialects
  • Wangkumara
  • Punthamara (Bundhamara)[2]
  • Ngandangara (Yarumarra, Eromarra)[3]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
xpt – Punthamara
xwk – Wangkumara
eaa – Karenggapa
ntg – Ngantangarra
Glottolog punt1240  Punthamara[4]
wong1246  Wongkumara[5]
yaru1254  Yarumarra[6]
AIATSIS[1] L25 Wangkumara, L15 Karenggapa, L26 Punthamara, L30 Ngandangara

Wangkumara or Wanggumara is an Australian Aboriginal language of the widespread Pama–Nyungan family.[citation needed]

Classification[edit]

Wangkumara is sometimes classified as a dialect of the Ngura language. In 1981, it was still spoken by four members of the Wangkumara people around Cooper Creek, the Thomson River, and the Warry Warry Creek, the town of Eromanga and the Nuccundra.[7] in Queensland, Australia. As of today,[when?] it might already be extinct.[citation needed]

Dixon (2002) considers Punthamara to be a dialect, Bowern (2001) as very close. Bowern also says that Ngandangara appears to have been "very close", although data is too poor for a proper classification.[3] Karenggapa is either a dialect or an alternative name.[8]

Wangkumara is notable for being a language with a tripartite verbal alignment.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wangkumara at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  2. ^ RMW Dixon (2002), Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development, p xxxvii
  3. ^ a b Bowern, Claire (2001). "Karnic classification revisited". In J Simpson; et al. Forty years on. Canberra Pacific Linguistics. pp. 245–260. Archived from the original on 2012-05-19.
  4. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Punthamara". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  5. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Wongkumara". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  6. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yarumarra". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  7. ^ Ritchie, John; Cunneen, Christopher (1996). "Dixon, Lorna Rose (1917? - 1976)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved 2007-07-23.
  8. ^ AIATSIS (2014). L15: Karenggapa. Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies (AIATSIS). Retrieved from http://austlang.aiatsis.gov.au/main.php?code=L15.

External links[edit]