Wankhede Stadium

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Wankhede Stadium
वानखेडे मैदान
Wankhede ICC WCF.jpg
Wankhede Stadium during the first innings of the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final between Sri Lanka and India
Ground information
Location Mumbai, Maharashtra
Establishment 1974[1]
Capacity 33,108[2]
Owner Mumbai Cricket Association, BCCI
Architect Shashi Prabhu and Associates (1974) Shashi Prabhu and Associates and P.K. Das and associates (2010)
Contractor Billimoria and Company
Operator Mumbai Cricket Association
Tenants Mumbai cricket team
Mumbai Indians
End names
Garware Pavilion End
Tata End
International information
First Test 23–29 January 1975[3]: India v West Indies
Last Test 14–16 November 2013: India v West Indies
First ODI 17 January 1987: India v Sri Lanka
Last ODI 25 October 2015: India v South Africa
First T20I 22 December 2012: India v England
Last T20I 31 March 2016: India v West Indies
As of 31 March 2016
Source: Cricinfo

The Wankhede Stadium is a cricket stadium in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The stadium now has capacity of 33,108, following renovations for the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Before the upgrade, the capacity was approximately 45,000.[4] The Wankhede stadium has been host to numerous high-profile cricket matches in the past, most notable being the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final, in which India defeated Sri Lanka by 6 wickets. The stadium witnessed the last match of Sachin Tendulkar's international career. Additionally, it has hosted many other matches in both the 1996 as well as 2011 Cricket World Cup. The stadium is also the host to the match in which Ravi Shastri hit six sixes in an over

Early years[edit]

Mumbai has seen Test matches played at three different grounds. The Bombay Gymkhana ground hosted the first ever Test in India, in 1933–34 against England. After World War II, the Cricket Club of India Ltd's Brabourne Stadium – second ground of the city – was used for 17 Tests. The Wankhede Stadium was built after disputes between the Cricket Club of India, which owns the Brabourne Stadium, and the Mumbai Cricket Association over the allocation of tickets for cricket matches.[5] This became severe after the Test between India and England in 1973. At the initiative of S. K. Wankhede, a politician and the secretary of the Mumbai Cricket Association, MCA built the new stadium in South Mumbai near the Churchgate station. It was built in approx. six months and opened in time for the final Test between India and the West Indies in 1975.[3] Since then the Wankhede stadium has taken over from Brabourne Stadium as the main cricketing venue in the city. It was named after the Association’s President Barrister Sheshrao Wankhede in 1974.

It staged its first Test in the 1974–75 season when the West Indies toured India. Clive Lloyd scored an unbeaten 242 and in Pataudi's last hurrah, India lost by 201 runs. The Test also featured a crowd disturbance after a fan who rushed onto the ground to greet Lloyd was treated roughly by the police. India's first victory here was posted against the New Zealand two seasons later. The stadium has been a witness to great innings like Sunil Gavaskar's 205 against the West Indies and Alvin Kallicharan's 187 in the same game in the 1978–79 series and all round heroics like Ian Botham's century and thirteen wickets in the Jubilee Test in 1979–80, which England won by ten wickets. The highest score by an Indian at the Wankhede Stadium is Vinod Kambli's 224 against England in 1992–93 in only his third Test. Incidentally Ravi Shastri's six sixes in an over off Baroda's Tilak Raj in Ranji Trophy, en route to the fastest double-hundred in first-class cricket were recorded on this ground in 1984–85. His unbeaten 200 in 113 minutes off 123 balls with 13 fours and 13 sixes at this ground, is the fastest double century in first-class cricket ever since.

Stadium Development[edit]

The Wankhede Stadium was built in 1974 and the first Test match played was between India and West Indies from 23 to 28 January 1975. The Stadium was built at a time when only Test Matches were played and with the advent of One Day Cricket and Twenty 20 Cricket, the demands of a Stadium from spectator point of view have totally changed.

Since ICC World Cup Cricket 2011 was to be hosted by India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, and Mumbai was selected to host the final, it was decided to redevelop the Wankhede Stadium to suit the modern facilities and comfort of spectators.

The Managing Committee invited presentations from reputed Architects and shortlisted M/s. Shashi Prabhu & Associates and M/s. P.K. Das & Associates to jointly draw up a project for the redevelopment of the Wankhede Stadium. While redeveloping the Stadium, major changes were at the North end and the South end with better facilities to the spectators in terms of bucket seating, large number of toilets and food courts.

While MCA undertook the redevelopment of Wankhede Stadium, the ground was not available for domestic and international cricket till February 2011. In order to ensure that MCA did not miss out the turn of Test and ODI matches and also to develop a healthy working relationship with the Cricket Club of India.

One of the highlights of the stadium is the suspended cantilever roofs. The Teflon fabric roof is lighter in weight and heat resistant. There is no beam support for the roof to ensure that the spectators will have a better view. On the roof there are exhaust fans which suck the hot air from the stands and allow the breeze from the West to flow in. The stadium has 20 elevators for North and South stands. [6]

Pitch[edit]

The seaside situation of the Wankhede stadium means that the swing bowlers get a fair amount of assistance during the early part of each day. Red soil is used to prepare the pitch, which ensures consistent bounce. Pitch has always been a slow turner. Most of the time it is made result oriented. It has traditionally been full of runs, but it does help the spinners during the last couple of day, and in the Test played on the ground, against Australia in 2004 the ball spun viciously from early on and this, coupled with low bounce, helped India win in under three days even though almost a whole day was lost to rain. The pitch has created many exciting games here with the test between India and West Indies in 2011 ending in draw with both side tied on equal runs. The most recent test match at the stadium between India and England in 2012 saw a rank turner prepared on the demands of the Indian captain, a plan which backfired as the Indian batsmen were bamboozled by the English spinners...

Ground facts and figures[edit]

  • Capacity: 33,108
  • Floodlights: Yes
  • End names: Garware Pavilion End, Tata End
  • Curator: Sudhir Naik.
  • Wankhede Stadium is the home ground of Mumbai Indians team in Indian Premier League.
  • Wankhede Stadium is the home ground of Mumbai Ranji team.
  • Architect – Shashi Prabhu and Associates
  • Contractor – B.E. Billimoria and Company
Test Records
  • Highest total: 604/6 Dec by the West Indies against India in the 1974/75 season.
  • Lowest total: 93 by Australia against India in the 2004/05 season.
  • The highest partnership at the Wankhede Stadium is 298 by DB Vengsarkar and RJ Shastri for India against Australia in the 1986/87 season.
  • Sunil Gavaskar (1122 runs) has scored the most Test runs, followed by Sachin Tendulkar (921).[7]
  • Anil Kumble (38 wickets) and Kapil Dev (28)[8]
ODI Records
T20I Records
  • Highest total: 230/8 by England against South Africa in the ICC World Twenty20 2016.
  • Lowest total: 172 all out by Afghanistan against South Africa in the ICC World Twenty20 2016.

The ground is situated near Marine Lines in Mumbai.

The stadium has these stands:

Wankhede Stadium during the first innings of the 2011 Cricket World Cup Final between Sri Lanka and India.
Panoramic shot of Wankhede Stadium during the 2011 Cricket World Cup final between Sri Lanka and India.

Cricket World Cup[edit]

This stadium has hosted 20 One Day International (ODI) matches every time that India has hosted the Cricket World Cup:

1987 Cricket World Cup[edit]

17 October 1987
Scorecard
India 
136/2 (27.5 overs)
v
 Zimbabwe
135 (44.2 overs)
Dilip Vengsarkar 46*(37)
John Traicos 2/27 (8 overs)
Andrew Pycroft 61 (102)
Manoj Prabhakar 4/19 (8 overs)
India won by 8 wickets
Umpires: Mahboob Shah and David Shepherd
Player of the match: Manoj Prabhakar
5 November 1987
Scorecard
India 
219 (45.3 overs)
v
 England
254/6 (50 overs)
Mohammad Azharuddin 64 (74)
Eddie Hemmings 4/52 (9.3 overs)
Graham Gooch 115 (136)
Maninder Singh 3/54 (10 overs)
England won by 35 runs
Umpires: Tony Crafter and Steve Woodward
Player of the match: Graham Gooch

1996 Cricket World Cup[edit]

27 February 1996
Scorecard
Australia 
258 (50 overs)
v
 India
242 (48 overs)
Mark Waugh 126 (135)
Venkatapathy Raju 2/48 (10 overs)
Sachin Tendulkar 90(84)
Damien Fleming 5/36 (9 overs)
Australia won by 16 runs
Umpires: Steve Dunne and David Shepherd
Player of the match: Mark Waugh

2011 Cricket World Cup[edit]

13 March 2011
Scorecard
Canada 
261/9 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
358/6 (50 overs)
Ashish Bagai 84(87)
Harvir Baidwan 3/84 (9.1 overs)
BB McCullum 101(109)
Jacob Oram 3/47 (10 overs)
New Zealand won by 97 runs
Umpires: BNJ Oxenford and SK Tarapore
Player of the match: Brendon McCullum
18 March 2011
Scorecard
Sri Lanka 
265/9 (50 overs)
v
 New Zealand
153/10 (35 overs)
Kumar Sangakkara 111(128)
Muttiah Muralitharan 4/25 (8 overs)
Ross Taylor 33(55)
Tim Southee 3/63 (10 overs)
Sri Lanka won by 112 runs
Umpires: Asad Rauf and RA Kettleborough
Player of the match: Kumar Sangakkara
2 April 2011
Scorecard
India 
277/4 (48.2 overs)
v
 Sri Lanka
274/6 (50 overs)
Gautam Gambhir 97(122)
Yuvraj Singh 2/49 (10 overs)
Mahela Jayawardene 103(88)
Lasith Malinga 2/42 (9 overs)
India won by 6 wickets
Umpires: Aleem Dar and Simon Taufel
Player of the match: MS Dhoni

2016 ICC World Twenty20[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 18°56′20.1″N 72°49′32.6″E / 18.938917°N 72.825722°E / 18.938917; 72.825722