Wanshan Special Vehicle

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Wanshan Special Vehicle Co. is a truck and bus manufacturer in China. Its WS-series military trucks are used by the People’s Liberation Army; it is a major manufacturer of transporter-erector-launchers.


Wanshan, (Chinese: 万山; literally: "ten thousand mountains"), is based in Wuhan in Hubei province.[1] The "Wanshan Special Vehicle Factory" was state-owned; it was restructured into Hubei Sanjiang Space Wanshan Special Vehicle Co., Ltd., which is, in turn, part of China Aerospace Sanjiang Space Co. Ltd (中国航天三江集团), which started in 1969 as a military unit producing missiles. Sanjiang Space Group is a subsidiary of China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC).[2] As of December 2012, Wanshan's assets were around RMB1.1 billion.[3]

Wanshan has benefited from technology transfers from Deutz AG and ZF Friedrichshafen. Several of its trucks (but not more modern designs such as the WS2180 or the WS2250) have been based on MZKT designs, some of which have been updated with more modern engines and transmission systems.

As of September 2009, the director was Cao Jingwu.[4]


A DF-11 TEL vehicle, based on the WS2400.

Wanshan makes various vehicles, including trucks, heavy trailers, and buses.[5] These include:


Wanshan supplied WS51200 trucks to a North Korean company; the trucks appeared, as transporter-erector-launchers, carrying missiles, at a North Korean military parade. It has been claimed that this sale violated non-proliferation agreements;[15][16] although China is not a member of MTCR, its own arms-control rules are similar. The North Korean government is investing in transporter-erector-launchers which are a more difficult target for adversaries, compared to fixed missile launch sites.[17] UN and Asean investigators have concluded that the TELs were Chinese WS51200 trucks legitimately exported to North Korea for lumber transport, with the sales contract specifically prohibiting use of the vehicles for military purposes. The North Koreans illegally converted them into TELs by installing hydraulic gear and controls to erect a missile. Despite being converted to fire a missile, the truck would not be likely to survive damage from the rocket exhaust like a purpose-built TEL, making it a single-use launcher.[18]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Wanshan Special Vehicle Co Ltd (China), Industry - Manufacturing". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  2. ^ "About Us". Hubei Sanjiang Space Wanshan Special Vehicle Co., Ltd. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "SORL Wins "Excellent Supplier" Awards from OEMs". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Stokes. "China's Evolving Conventional Strategic Strike Capability - The Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile Challenge to U.S. Maritime Operations in the Western Pacific and Beyond". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  5. ^ "Hubei Sanjiang Space Wanshan Special Vehicle Co., Ltd.". China Commodity Net. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  6. ^ "Wanshan WS2180 (6 x 6) truck (China), Trucks". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Wanshan WS2250 (8 x 8) truck (China), Trucks". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Wanshan Special Vehicle Factory Wanshan Special Vehicle, Co., Ltd". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Wanshan WS2400 (8 x 8) heavy-duty off-road vehicle (China), Trucks". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  10. ^ "Wanshan WS2600 (10 x 8) heavy-duty off-road vehicle (China), Trucks". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "NORINCO SH1 155 mm/52-calibre self-propelled artillery system (China), Self-propelled guns and howitzers (wheeled)". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  12. ^ "Wanshan WS21050 (14 x 12) heavy-duty off-road vehicle (China), Trucks". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  13. ^ Melissa Hanham (July 31, 2012). "North Korea's Procurement Network Strikes Again: Examining How Chinese Missile Hardware Ended Up in Pyongyang". NTI. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  14. ^ "Wanshan Special Vehicle Works (China), MANUFACTURERS AND SERVICES - BUSES - CHASSIS, INTEGRALS AND BODIES". Janes. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  15. ^ "Exclusive: China firm boasts about missile-linked North Korea sale: envoys". Reuters. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  16. ^ "16輪の大型TEL車両に搭載された北朝鮮の新型長距離弾道ミサイル". Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  17. ^ "More on DPRK TELs". Arms Control Wonk. Retrieved 29 December 2012. 
  18. ^ Tales Of The Forbidden TEL - Strategypage.com, 19 July 2013