Wantage

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This article is about the English town. For the town in the United States, see Wantage Township, New Jersey.
Wantage
Wantage Market Place.jpg
Wantage Market Place and statue of King Alfred the Great
Wantage is located in Oxfordshire
Wantage
Wantage
Wantage shown within Oxfordshire
Population 11,327 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference SU3987
• London 57 miles (92 km)
Civil parish
  • Wantage
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wantage
Postcode district OX12
Dialling code 01235
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
Website Wantage.com Gateway to Wantage
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire
Coordinates: 51°35′20″N 1°25′37″W / 51.589°N 1.427°W / 51.589; -1.427

Wantage (/ˈwɒntɪ/) is a market town and civil parish in the Vale of the White Horse, Oxfordshire, England. The town is on Letcombe Brook, about 8 miles (13 km) south-west of Abingdon, 10 miles (16 km) west of Didcot, 15 miles (24 km) south-west of Oxford and 14 miles (23 km) north north-west of Newbury.

Historically part of Berkshire, it is notable as the birthplace of King Alfred the Great in 849.[2] In 1974 the area administered by Berkshire County Council was greatly reduced, and Wantage, in common with other territories South of the River Thames, became part of a considerably enlarged Oxfordshire.

History[edit]

Saints Peter and Paul parish church

Wantage was a small Roman settlement[3] but the origin of the toponym is somewhat uncertain. It is generally thought to be from an Old English phrase meaning "decreasing river".[3] King Alfred the Great was born at the royal palace there in the 9th century.[2] Wantage appears in the Domesday Book of 1086. Its value was £61 and it was in the king's ownership until Richard I passed it to the Earl of Albemarle in 1190. Weekly trading rights were first granted to the town by Henry III in 1246[3] Markets are now held twice weekly on Wednesdays and Saturdays[4] Royalist troops were stationed in Wantage during the English Civil War.[3]

In the 19th century, Lord Wantage became a notable local and national benefactor.[5] He was very involved in founding the British Red Cross Society.[5] In 1877 he paid for a marble statue of King Alfred by Count Gleichen to be erected in Wantage market place, where it still stands today.[3][5] He also donated the Victoria Cross Gallery to the town.[3][5] This contained paintings by Louis William Desanges depicting deeds which led to the award of a number of VCs, including his own gained during the Crimean War. It is now a shopping arcade.[3] Since 1848, Wantage has been home to the Community of Saint Mary the Virgin, one of the largest communities of Anglican nuns in the world. Wantage once had two breweries which were taken over by Morlands of Abingdon. In 1988 the town was thrust into the headlines after a Brass Tacks programme entitled "Shire Wars" exposed the drunken violence that plagued the town and surrounding villages at that time.[6]

Government[edit]

Former head office of Wantage Urban District Council in Portway

Wantage has a town council consisting of 16 councillors, 11 of whom (as of 2011) are Conservatives with the remaining five councillors being made up of four Liberal Democrats and one Labour Party. It is also part of the district of the Vale of White Horse.

Until 1974, Wantage had two local government councils: Wantage Rural District, which had its headquarters in Belmont,[7] Wantage and Wantage Urban District, which had its headquarters in Portway.[8] These bodies were both abolished as part of the Local Government Act 1972 and became part of the Vale of White Horse District Council.

The Wantage constituency is currently represented by Conservative MP Ed Vaizey. Vaizey was first elected in the 2005 general election and was re-elected again in 2010 and 2015.[9] The nearby towns of Didcot, Faringdon and Wallingford are also part of the Wantage constituency.[10] At the time of the 2010 general election, the Wantage constituency had a total electorate of 80,456.[11]

Geography[edit]

Wantage is at the foot of the Berkshire Downs escarpment in the Vale of the White Horse. There are gallops at Black Bushes and nearby villages with racing stables at East Hendred, Letcombe Bassett, Lockinge and Uffington. Wantage includes the suburbs of Belmont to the west and Charlton to the east. Grove to the north is still just about detached and is a separate parish. Wantage parish stretches from the northern edge of its housing up onto the Downs in the south, covering Chain Hill, Edge Hill, Wantage Down, Furzewick Down and Lattin Down. The Edgehill Springs rise between Manor Road and Spike Lodge Farms and the Letcombe Brook flows through the town. Wantage is home to the Vale and Downland Museum. There is a large market square containing a statue of King Alfred, surrounded by shops some with 18th-century facades. Quieter streets radiate from it, including one towards the large Church of England parish church. Wantage is the "Alfredston" of Thomas Hardy's Jude the Obscure.[12]

Transport[edit]

The former head office of the Wantage Tramway Company in Mill Street

Wantage is at the crossing of the B4507 valley road, the A417 road between Reading and Cirencester and the A338 road between Hungerford (and junction 14 of the M4 motorway) and Oxford.[13]

Bus services link Wantage with Oxford as well as other towns and villages including Abingdon, Didcot and Faringdon. Stagecoach in Oxfordshire provide the main service between Wantage and Oxford with up to three buses per-hour Monday to Saturday. Stagecoach provides a late night service on Friday and Saturday evenings with buses running to Oxford until 2am and buses from Oxford to Wantage until 3am.[14][15] There are also up to two buses per hour between Wantage and Didcot which are operated by Thames Travel.[16] Thames Travel also operate the Faringdon to Wantage service which runs up to every 60 minutes, and a local service to Grove.[17][18]

There is no railway station in Wantage however Didcot Parkway is 8 miles east of Wantage, which has services towards London, Bristol and Cardiff. The Great Western Mainline is just north of Grove (2 miles North of Wantage) where the former Wantage Road railway station used to be. It was closed during the Beeching cuts in 1964.[19] The Wantage Tramway used to link Wantage with Wantage Road station. The tramway's Wantage terminus was in Mill Street and its building survives, but little trace remains of the route.[20] One of the tramway's locomotives, Shannon, alias Jane, is preserved at Didcot Railway Centre.[21] Oxfordshire County Council have ambitions to re-open the former Wantage Road railway station and has stated that the station is a priority in their Connecting Oxfordshire plans. It is hoped that the station could be served by a direct service between Oxford and Bristol.[22] The Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) published their Connecting Communities: Expanding Access to the Rail Network report and outlined Wantage and Grove as one of the top seven places where a new station would be feasible and provide economical benefits to the area.[23]

The nearest public airport to Wantage is London Heathrow which is situated approximately 42 miles east of the town and is easily accessible via the M4 motorway.[24]

A section of the Wilts & Berks Canal passes through the parish.[25]

Education[edit]

Front of King Alfred's Academy Centre Site

There is one state secondary school in Wantage, King Alfred's Academy, and approximately ten primary schools.[26] The secondary school converted into an academy in 2011 and is currently rated Outstanding by Ofsted.[27][28]

Between 1873 and 2006, an Anglican private girls' school, St Mary's School, was located in Wantage. The school closed in 2006 when St. Mary's merged with Heathfield School, Ascot.[29]

A former independent preparatory school, St Andrew's, established in 1926, closed permanently in 2010.[30]

In October 2013, the Vale Academy Trust was created when King Alfred's Academy, Charlton Primary School and Wantage CE Primary School came together to form a partnership.[31] The trust was founded by local heads, governors and other stakeholders in hope of creating quality partnerships among the schools to ensure higher quality education for the area.[32] Since the trust was formed in 2013, three other primary schools in the area joined the trust meaning the trust consists of a total six local schools including one secondary school and five primary schools.[33] In February 2016, it was confirmed that Larkmead School in Abingdon will be joining the trust after the school applied to become an academy in December 2015.[34]

The Vale Academy Trust announced plans in September 2016 to build a brand new free school in Grove for children from the ages of two to sixteen. The school is planned to have a capacity of up to 1,000 students and is hoped to open in 2019 in preparation for large scale housing developments that are planned for Wantage and Grove.[35]

Architecture[edit]

The Old Town Hall (left), built in 1877 and a 17th-century building (right)

Wantage has been the site of a church since at least the 10th century and the present Church of England parish church of Saints Peter and Paul dates from the 13th century, with many additions since.[36] SS Peter and Paul also contains seventeen 15th-century misericords.[36]

King Alfred's Grammar School was designed by the architect J. B. Clacy[37] of Reading[38] and built in 1849–50[37] but incorporates a highly carved Norman doorway[37] from a demolished chantry chapel that formerly stood in the churchyard.[3][36]

Developments[edit]

In recent years four or more significant housing developments have been constructed. At least one development (including the new health centre) has been on a greenfield site adjacent to the A338 road towards Oxford. The other three, however, have been on brownfield sites, converting a scrapyard next to the Letcombe Brook.

In 2006, a commercial development began construction with a Sainsbury's supermarket as a focus. This supermarket is double the size of the previous one and was intended to have a significant impact on the town by drawing more visitors from outlying villages. The impact was projected as being positive, aimed at preventing the town becoming a commuter town and retaining some commercial activity, An action group, Wantage Rejuvenated, is being sponsored by the town's chamber of commerce to try to bring business back into the area and inject new life into the town.

There was activism in the town regarding development 2011, with a campaign to stop the demolition of a building close to the town centre by Vanderbuilt Homes, who initially gained permission to convert an early Georgian bank of shops into a mixed commercial and residential block. Vanderbilt applied to have the buildings completely demolished, prompting a local petition and campaign for the application to be refused at the discretion of the Town Council, as although the building is old, it is not listed.[39]

Another area of development which has provoked local protest has been on the north of the town, where a 1,500-home estate is proposed, increasing housing in the town by 35%. Residents have raised petitions and the local MP, Ed Vaizey, has raised concerns, especially about the ability of local road infrastructure to cope. The town is served by the A338, A4497 and A417, which are single-carriageway roads. The proposed Wantage development is one mile from a similar mass of 2,500 homes proposed for the village of Grove and which will use same road network.[40]

In 2014 Wantage was nominated for the Government's Great British High Street Award whereby Wantage won the award for Britain's Best Town Centre beating several other towns nominated for the award.[41]

Sport and leisure[edit]

Wantage has a non-League football club: Wantage Town F.C., who play at Alfredian Park.

Wantage & Grove Cricket Club's first recorded match was in 1863. The club has three thriving teams and play in Charlton, Wantage.[42]

On 12 September 2014, cyclists competing in the 2014 Tour of Britain passed through Wantage during Stage 6 of the event. The participants entered Wantage via the B4494 road and left via the A417 towards Harwell and then on towards the end of the stage at Hemel Hempstead.[43]

Corallian Cycling Club was founded in 2016 and organises regular sociable cycle rides from Wantage Market Place.[44]

Notable people[edit]

Twinning[edit]

Wantage is twinned with:

Nearby places[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2011 Summary Vale of White Horse". Vale of White Horse District Council. Vale of White Horse District Council. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Ford, David Nash (2003). "King Alfred the Great (849–899)". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ford, David Nash (2004). "Wantage: Where the Great are Born". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  4. ^ "OXTowns: Wantage Local Information". OXLink Ltd. 2003. Retrieved 5 October 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Ford, David Nash (2008). "Col. Sir Robert James Loyd-Lindsay, Baron Wantage of Lockinge (1832–1901)". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  6. ^ "Shire Wars (1988)". British Film Institute. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Wantage Rural District Council" (PDF). London Gazette. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  8. ^ "Wantage Urban District Council" (PDF). London Gazette. Retrieved 29 May 2012. 
  9. ^ "Rt Hon Edward Vaizey MP". UK Parliament. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  10. ^ "Constituency". Ed Vaizey. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  11. ^ "Wantage". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  12. ^ Davison, Steve (2008). Walking in the Thames Valley. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "Getting to Wantage". Wantage.com. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  14. ^ "Service 31: Wantage - Grove - Marcham - Abingdon - Oxford" (PDF). Stagecoach Bus. Stagecoach in Oxfordshire. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Service X30: Wantage - Grove - Oxford" (PDF). Stagecoach Bus. Stagecoach in Oxfordshire. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  16. ^ "Introducing the connector". Thames Travel. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  17. ^ "route67" (PDF). Thames Travel. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  18. ^ "route38" (PDF). Thames Travel. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  19. ^ "Wantage Road station and Oxfordshire's lost railway". BBC. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "The Wantage Tramway". Wantage.com. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "No.5 - Shannon/Jane". Didcot Railway Centre. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  22. ^ Hughes, Pete. "New railway station at Grove is a priority for Oxfordshire County Council". The Herald Series. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  23. ^ "Connecting Communities Expanding Access to the Rail Network" (PDF). Association of Train Operating Companies. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  24. ^ "Closest airports to Wantage, United Kingdom". Closest Airport to. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  25. ^ "The Canal / Interactive Map". Wilts & Berks Canal Trust. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  26. ^ "Schools List". Oxfordshire County Council. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  27. ^ Wilkinson, Ben. "King Alfred's specialist sports college in Wantage moves to become academy". The Herald Series. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  28. ^ "King Alfred's (Specialist Sports College) Inspection Report" (PDF). King Alfred's Academy. Ofsted. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  29. ^ "About Us". Heathfield School. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  30. ^ "St Andrew's prep school, Wantage, faces closure in the summer". The Herald Series. 12 Jan 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  31. ^ "About Vale Academy Trust". Vale Academy Trust. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  32. ^ "Our Ethos". Vale Academy Trust. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  33. ^ "Our Academies". Vale Academy Trust. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  34. ^ "Academy Status" (PDF). Larkmead School. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  35. ^ Hughes, Pete (14 September 2016). "Vale Academy Trust, Wantage, reveals plans to open new secondary school in Grove". The Herald Series. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  36. ^ a b c Ford, David Nash (2004). "Wantage: St. Peter & St. Paul's Church". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  37. ^ a b c Pevsner, 1966, page 254
  38. ^ Brodie, Antonia; Felstead, Alison; Franklin, Jonathan; Pinfield, Leslie, eds. (2001). Directory of British Architects 1834–1914, A–K. London & New York: Continuum. p. 375. ISBN 0-8264-5513-1. 
  39. ^ Wantage and Grove Review Issue No 401. 3 October 2011.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  40. ^ Ellery, Ben (8 December 2009). "Anger as Wantage is chosen for 1,500-home development". Oxford Mail. Retrieved 2 September 2013. 
  41. ^ "Team effort wins Wantage award for best town centre". The Herald. 12 November 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  42. ^ "Wantage and Grove Cricket Club". Wantage and Grove Cricket Club. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  43. ^ "Tour of Britain 2014 route revealed". Cycling Weekly. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  44. ^ "Corallian Cycling Club". Corallian Cycling Club. Retrieved 1 January 2017. 
  45. ^ Ford, David Nash (2003). "Joseph Butler, Bishop of Bristol (1692–1752)". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  46. ^ Ford, David Nash (2003). "Alice FitzWarin (c.1375-c.1410)". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 
  47. ^ Ford, David Nash (2001). "Sir Ivo FitzWarin (1343–1414)". Royal Berkshire History. Nash Ford Publishing. Retrieved 11 June 2011. 

Sources and further reading[edit]

External links[edit]