Wapping Autonomy Centre
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Wapping Autonomy Centre (also known as The Anarchist Centre) was a self-managed social centre in the London Docklands from late 1981 to 1982. The project was initially funded by money raised by the benefit single Persons Unknown/Bloody Revolutions, as well as benefit gigs by Crass and The Poison Girls.
The centre was set up in a rented space in Metropolitan Wharf, Wapping in 1981. The initial costs were paid using funds raised from a benefit single. It was a split single composed of Persons Unknown by The Poison Girls and Bloody Revolutions by Crass.
During its short lifespan, the Autonomy Centre became an important focal point for the anarcho-punk movement in the UK and Europe. Most of those involved with the project were anarchists who participated in protests and direct action against targets such as vivisection laboratories, the meat industry and the policies of then Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. The Kill Your Pet Puppy collective organised events. Some of the bands that regularly played at the centre included Anthrax, The Apostles, Cold War, Conflict, Rudimentary Peni Hagar the Womb were formed in the toilets.
Albert Meltzer records that the centre was "Ronan Bennett's brainchild." He goes on to say that "the punk support, especially from followers of Crass and Poison Girls, was substantial. Punk has lasted a couple of decades, long outlasting the proposed club. With the punks' money came the punks, and in the first week they had ripped up every single piece of furniture carefully bought, planned and fitted, down to the lavatory fittings that had been installed by Ronan from scratch, and defaced our own and everyone else's wall for blocks around. In the excitement of the first gigs where they could do as they liked, they did as they liked and wrecked the place. Loss of club, loss of money, loss of effort. End of story."
The centre eventually folded when the benefit parties failed to pay the rent.
The centre also inspired other squatted self-managed projects in London such as the Ambulance Station on Old Kent Road, Molly's Café on Upper Street and the Bingo Hall (now the Garage) at Highbury Corner.
Penny Rimbaud from Crass commented "It was a good try. We’d made all this money to defend Persons Unknown and it wasn’t needed. I think it was something in the region of ten grand, which was a lot of money in those days."
- Self-managed social centres in the United Kingdom
- 1 in 12 Club
- 121 Centre
- ABC No Rio
- St Agnes Place
- Warzone Collective
- Berger, George (2006). The Story of Crass. Omnibus. p. 169. ISBN 978-1846094026.
- Bestley, Russ; Binns, Rebecca (10 July 2018). "The evolution of an anarcho-punk narrative, 1978–84". Ripped, Torn and Cut. Manchester University Press. doi:10.7765/9781526120601.00016. ISBN 9781526120601.
- Berger, George (2006). The Story of Crass. Omnibus. p. 191. ISBN 978-1846094026.
- Jenkins, Tom (10 July 2015). "Remembering Jo Brocklehurst, the Artist Who Documented London's 1980s Anarcho-Punk Squatters". Vice. Archived from the original on 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Martin, Andy (1994). "Autonomy Centres, Riots & The Big Rammy". Smile 12. London. Archived from the original on 2019-07-18. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
- Vive Le Rock!. "HAGITATION FOR THE NATION!". London Music Hall UK. Archived from the original on 3 October 2019. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Meltzer, Albert (1996), I Couldn't Paint Golden Angels: Sixty Years of Commonplace Life and Anarchist Agitation, AK Press, ISBN 9781873176931, archived from the original on September 8, 2015, retrieved Dec 28, 2013
- "Autonomy Centre, Wapping, London E1 – 06/12/81". KILL YOUR PET PUPPY. 17 May 2009. Archived from the original on 15 January 2018. Retrieved 3 October 2019.
- Berger, George (2006). The Story of Crass. Omnibus. p. 193. ISBN 978-1846094026.
- Berger, George (2006). The Story of Crass. Omnibus. pp. 191–192. ISBN 978-1846094026.