Wappinger Creek

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Wappinger Creek (Ma-we-na-wasigh[1])
Wappinger Creek at Red Oaks Mill.jpg
Wappinger Creek at Red Oaks Mill at high flow
Name origin: Native American Indians known as the "Wappingers"
Country United States
State New York
Region Hudson Valley
County Dutchess
Towns Pine Plains, Stanford, Washington,
Pleasant Valley, Poughkeepsie,
LaGrange, Wappinger
Villages Wappingers Falls
Source Thompson Pond
 - location Pine Plains
 - elevation 450 ft (137 m)
 - coordinates 41°57′30″N 73°40′22″W / 41.95845°N 73.67284°W / 41.95845; -73.67284
Mouth Hudson River
 - location New Hamburg
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m)
 - coordinates 41°34′56″N 73°56′52″W / 41.5823158°N 73.9479157°W / 41.5823158; -73.9479157Coordinates: 41°34′56″N 73°56′52″W / 41.5823158°N 73.9479157°W / 41.5823158; -73.9479157
Length 41.7 mi (67 km), North–south
Basin 211 sq mi (546 km2)
Wappinger Creek Watershed

Wappinger Creek is a 41.7-mile-long (67.1 km)[3] creek which runs from Thompson Pond to the Hudson River at New Hamburg in Dutchess County, New York, United States. It is the longest creek in Dutchess County, with the largest watershed in the county.


Source of Wappinger Creek at Thompson Pond in Pine Plains
A frozen waterfall along the creek
View of the creek from the Best Western Inn and Suites at the Falls

The creek flows in a north–south direction on the eastern side of the Hudson River. The creek's source is Thompson Pond near Pine Plains, and it heads southwestward towards its mouth in the Hudson River near New Hamburg. Along the way, it goes through fluctuations in width and follows an erratic path; in Wappingers Falls, it forms Wappinger Lake, a man-made reservoir.[4] The initial .25 mi (0.40 km) of the creek runs through rocky, steep, wooded terrain. However, as it approaches the Hudson it enters the river's tidal range, and has sandbars, mudflats and marshes. The creek is also home to numerous species, and is an important spawning area for anadromous fish, which thrive in the creek between April and June. Largemouth bass, bluegill, pumpkinseed, red-breasted sunfish, and brown bullhead, however, are resident species.[5] Also, the creek is annually stocked with various species of trout for the purpose of recreational fishing. Some residents and maps such as the 1867 Dutchess County Atlas refer to the creek as the Wappingers, as does the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation,[6] the National Weather Service, and the Hudson River Riverkeeper.


Wappinger Creek has four distinct tributaries; the longest of which is Little Wappinger Creek which enters the creek from the east bank.

The tributaries are listed below from the source to the mouth, with Hunns Lake Creek being the northernmost and Little Wappinger Creek being the southernmost.

Name Mouth
Hunns Lake Creek[7] 41°52′29″N 73°42′10″W / 41.8748°N 73.7029°W / 41.8748; -73.7029 (Hunns Lake Creek) 41°54′50″N 73°38′39″W / 41.9139°N 73.6442°W / 41.9139; -73.6442 (Hunns Lake Creek) Named after its source, Hunns Lake
Willow Brook[8] 42°43′36″N 73°42′26″W / 42.7267°N 73.7072°W / 42.7267; -73.7072 (Willow Brook) 41°42′14″N 73°42′26″W / 41.7038°N 73.7072°W / 41.7038; -73.7072 (Willow Brook) Enters Wappinger Creek where County Route 17 crosses
East Branch Wappinger Creek[9] 41°48′50″N 73°45′29″W / 41.8139°N 73.7581°W / 41.8139; -73.7581 (West Branch Wappinger Creek) 41°47′39″N 73°41′33″W / 41.7942°N 73.6926°W / 41.7942; -73.6926 (East Branch Wappinger Creek) One of the two largest tributaries of Wappinger Creek
Little Wappinger Creek[10] 41°47′51″N 73°47′20″W / 41.7975°N 73.7890°W / 41.7975; -73.7890 (Little Wappinger Creek) 41°59′18″N 73°46′16″W / 41.9884°N 73.7712°W / 41.9884; -73.7712 (Little Wappinger Creek) Longest Tributary of Wappinger Creek

See also[edit]


External links[edit]