War (American band)
|Also known as||Eric Burdon and War (1969–1970, 1976)|
|Origin||Long Beach, California, U.S.|
War (originally called Eric Burdon and War) is an American funk/rock/soul band from Long Beach, California, known for several hit songs (including "Spill the Wine", "The World Is a Ghetto", "The Cisco Kid", "Why Can't We Be Friends?", "Low Rider", and "Summer"). Formed in 1969, War is a musical crossover band that fuses elements of rock, funk, jazz, Latin, rhythm and blues, psychedelia, and reggae. According to music writer Colin Larkin, their "potent fusion of funk, R&B, rock and Latin styles produced a progressive soul sound", while Martin C. Strong calls them "one of the fiercest progressive soul combos of the '70s". Their album The World Is a Ghetto was Billboard's best-selling album of 1973. The band transcended racial and cultural barriers with a multi-ethnic line-up. War was subject to many line-up changes over the course of its existence, leaving member Leroy "Lonnie" Jordan as the only original member in the current line-up; four other members created a new group called the Lowrider Band.
In 1962, Howard E. Scott and Harold Brown formed a group called The Creators in Long Beach, California. Within a few years, they had added Charles Miller, Morris "B. B." Dickerson, and Lonnie Jordan to the lineup. Lee Oskar and Papa Dee Allen later joined as well. They all shared a love of diverse styles of music, which they had absorbed living in the racially mixed Los Angeles ghettos. The Creators recorded several singles on Dore Records while working with Tjay Contrelli, a saxophonist from the band Love. In 1968, the Creators became Nightshift (named because Brown worked nights at a steel yard) and started performing with Deacon Jones, a football player and singer.
The original War was conceived by record producer Jerry Goldstein ("My Boyfriend's Back", "Hang on Sloopy", "I Want Candy") and singer Eric Burdon (ex-lead singer of the British band the Animals). In 1969, Goldstein saw musicians who would eventually become War playing at the Rag Doll in North Hollywood, backing Deacon Jones, and he was attracted to the band's sound. Jordan claimed that the band's goal was to spread a message of brotherhood and harmony, using instruments and voices to speak out against racism, hunger, gangs, crimes, and turf wars, and promote hope and the spirit of brotherhood. Eric Burdon and War began playing live shows to audiences throughout Southern California before entering into the studio to record their debut album Eric Burdon Declares "War". The album's best known track, "Spill the Wine", was a hit and launched the band's career.
1970s: Height of popularity
Eric Burdon and War toured extensively across Europe and the United States. The subtitle of a 1970 review in the New Musical Express of their first UK gig in London's Hyde Park read: "Burdon and War: Best Live Band We've Ever Seen". Their show at Ronnie Scott's Club in London on September 18, 1970, is historically notable for being the last public performance for Jimi Hendrix, who joined them onstage for the last 35 minutes of Burdon and War's second set; a day later he was dead. A second Eric Burdon and War album, a two-disc set titled The Black-Man's Burdon was released in 1970, before Burdon left the band in the middle of its European tour. They finished the tour without him and returned to record their first album as War.
War (1971) met with only modest success, but later that year, the band released All Day Music which included the singles "All Day Music" and "Slippin' into Darkness". The latter single sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the R.I.A.A. in June 1972. In 1972, they released The World Is a Ghetto which was even more successful. Its second single, "The Cisco Kid" shipped gold, and the album attained the number two spot on Billboard Hot 100 chart, and was Billboard magazine's Album of the Year as the best-selling album of 1973.
This band lives up to its name. The powerful, deceptively torpid groove evokes the pace of inner-city pleasures like 'All Day Music' and 'Summer.' But however jokey and off-the-cuff they sound, they're usually singing about conflict, often racial conflict—the real subject of 'The Cisco Kid' and 'Why Can't We Be Friends?,' which many take for novelty songs.
Deliver the Word (1973), the next album, contained the hits "Gypsy Man" and a studio version of "Me and Baby Brother" (previously issued as a live recording), which peaked at #8 and #15 on the Billboard chart. The album went on to sell nearly 2 million copies. The album Why Can't We Be Friends? was released in 1975. It included "Low Rider" and the title track, which were among the band's bigger hits.
In 1976, War released a greatest hits record that contained one new song "Summer", which, as a single, went gold and peaked at number 7 on the Billboard chart. Also released that year were Love Is All Around by Eric Burdon and War, containing mostly unreleased recordings from 1969 and 1970, and Platinum Jazz, a one-off album for jazz label Blue Note. The latter double album had cover art to match the greatest hits album, and was half new material and half compilation, focusing on (but not restricted to) instrumental music. The group continued to attain success with their next album Galaxy (1977), and its title single was inspired by Star Wars. War's next project was a soundtrack album for the movie Youngblood in 1978.
1980s: The Music Band
In 1979, following the departure of B.B. Dickerson during recording sessions for their next album (replaced by Luther Rabb on bass who completed the album), the band considered changing their name to The Music Band, but decided at the last minute to continue as War, and use "The Music Band" as the title of a series of albums. The series originally consisted of two studio albums (The Music Band, The Music Band 2, both in 1979) and a live album (The Music Band Live, 1980), but after the band left MCA in 1981 and had already made records for other labels, MCA expanded the series with a compilation (The Best of the Music Band, 1982) and a third original album of left-over material (The Music Band – Jazz, 1983).
The group lost another member when Charles Miller (saxophone) was murdered in 1980. He had already been replaced by Pat Rizzo (ex Sly and the Family Stone) in 1979. Other new members joining at this time were Alice Tweed Smith (credited as "Tweed Smith" and "Alice Tweed Smyth" on various albums) on percussion and vocals (giving the band its first female vocalist), and Ronnie Hammon as a third drummer.
After making the one-off single "Cinco de Mayo" for LAX Records in 1981 (Jerry Goldstein's own label, which also reissued Eric Burdon Declares "War" under the title Spill the Wine the same year), War signed with RCA Victor Records and recorded Outlaw (1982) which included the single plus additional singles "You Got the Power", "Outlaw", and "Just Because". It was followed by Life (is So Strange) (1983) from which the title track was also a single. War's records from 1979 to 1983 were not as successful as those from the preceding decade, and after the two RCA albums, the band's activities became sporadic. They did not record another full album until a decade later. The 1987 compilation album The Best of War ...and More included two new tracks, "Livin' in the Red" and "Whose Cadillac Is That?", and a remixed version of "Low Rider" (in addition to the original version). Papa Dee Allen died of a brain aneurysm which struck him onstage in 1988.
Sampling of War by hip hop artists was prevalent enough to merit the compilation album Rap Declares War in 1992, which was sanctioned by the band. In 1993, War reformed with most surviving previous members (including original members Brown, Jordan, Oskar, and Scott, and later members Hammon and Rizzo), augmented by a large line-up of supporting musicians and still under the management and production of Jerry Goldstein, and released a new album, ☮ in 1994.
In 1996, the group attempted to gain independence from Goldstein, but were unable to do so under the name "War" which remains a trademark owned by Goldstein and Far Out Productions. In response, Brown, Oskar, Scott, and a returning B.B. Dickerson (who had not worked with War since 1979) adopted a name which referenced one of War's biggest hits: Lowrider Band. They have yet to record a studio album.
Lonnie Jordan opted to remain with Goldstein and create a new version of War with himself as the only original member. Some other musicians who had joined between 1983 and 1993 were also part of the new line-up. Both the "new" War and the Lowrider Band are currently active as live performance acts.
1996 also saw the release of a double CD compilation, Anthology (1970–1994), later updated in 2003 with a few track substitutions, as The Very Best of War. Another CD compilation from 1999, Grooves and Messages, included a second disc of remixes done by various producers.
On April 21, 2008, Eric Burdon and Lonnie Jordan reunited for the first time in 37 years to perform a concert as War at the London Royal Albert Hall. The other original surviving members were not asked to be a part of the reunion. The concert coincided with Avenue / Rhino Records' Eric Burdon and War reissues which included Eric Burdon Declares "War" and The Black-Man's Burdon, plus compilations The Best of Eric Burdon and War and Anthology. In 2008, Lonnie Jordan's edition of War released a live album / DVD of songs originally from 1969 to 1975: Greatest Hits Live. War were unsuccessfully nominated for 2009 induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. In 2011, War played "Low Rider" and many other hits at the Rack n' Roll in Stamford, Connecticut, with Remember September and Westchester School of Rock.
- Leroy "Lonnie" Jordan – keyboards, lead vocals (1969–present)
- Stuart Ziff – guitar, vocals (2002–present)
- Scott Martin – saxophone, flute (2017–present)
- Stanley Behrens – harmonica (2011–present)
- Sal Rodriguez – drums, percussion, vocals (1990–present)
- David "Pug" Rodriguez – percussion, vocals (2011–present)
- Marcos Reyes – percussion (1998–present)
- Trevor Huxley – bass (2015–present)
- Eric Burdon – vocals (1969–1971, 1976–1977)
- Howard E. Scott – guitar, vocals (1969–1994)
- Lee Oskar – harmonica and vocals (1969–1994)
- Thomas "Papa Dee" Allen – percussion and vocals (1969–1988; died 1988)
- Charles Miller – saxophone and vocals (1969–1979; died 1980)
- B.B. Dickerson – bass and vocals (1969–1979; died 2021)
- Leroy "Lonnie" Jordan – keyboards, lead vocals (1969–present)
- Harold Ray Brown – drums and vocals (1969–1994)
- Ron Hammon – drums and percussion (1979–1996)
- Pat Rizzo – saxophone, flute, and vocals (1979–1983, 1993–1995)
- Luther Rabb – bass and vocals (1979–1984; died 2006)
- Alice Tweed Smith – percussion and vocals (1979–1981)
- Ricky Green – bass and vocals (1984–1989)
- Tetsuya "Tex" Nakamura – harmonica and vocals (1993–2006)
- Rae Valentine – keyboards, percussion, and vocals (1993–2001)
- Kerry Campbell – saxophone (1993–1998)
- Charles Green – saxophone and flute (1993–1995)
- J.B. Eckl – guitar and vocals (1994–1996)
- Lance Ellis – saxophone and flute (1994–2020)
- Smoky Greenwell – harmonica (1994–1996)
- Sandro Alberto – guitar and vocals (1996–1998)
- Richard Marquez – drums and percussion (1996–1997)
- Kenny Hudson – percussion (1997–1998)
- Fernando Harkless – saxophone (1998–2011)
- James Zota Baker – guitar, vocals (1998–2002)
- Pancho Tomaselli – bass, vocals (2003–February 2015)
- Mitch Kashmar – harmonica, vocals (2006–2011)
- David Urquidi – saxophone, flute (2011–2017)
- Cosgrove, Stuart. Harlem 69: The Future of Soul.
- "War | Biography & History". AllMusic.
- Henderson, Alex. "War - Peace Sign". AllMusic. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- Larkin, Colin (1998). The Virgin Encyclopedia of R & B and Soul. Virgin. p. 348. ISBN 9780753502419.
- Palmer, Robert (February 13, 1977). "Jazz Pop—A 'Failed Art Music' Makes Good". The New York Times. p. D20. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
...War, the black rock group.
- Hanson, Amy. "War - Deliver the Word". AllMusic. Retrieved January 15, 2017.
- Donald Clarke (1990). The Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Penguin Books. p. 1212. ISBN 978-0-14-051147-5.
- Dansby, Andrew (August 24, 2018). "Houston author chronicles War, the funk, rock, soul and Latin music band". The Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- Burdon, Eric; Craig, Jeff Marshall (October 2, 2002). Don't Let Me Be Misunderstood. Da Capo Press. pp. 105–6. ISBN 978-1-56025-448-5. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Buckley, Peter (October 28, 2003). The Rough Guide to Rock. Rough Guides. p. vii. ISBN 978-1-84353-105-0. Retrieved April 25, 2011.
- Colin Larkin, ed. (1997). The Virgin Encyclopedia of Popular Music (Concise ed.). Virgin Books. pp. 1230/1. ISBN 1-85227-745-9.
- Strong, Martin C. (2000). The Great Rock Discography. Canongate. p. 901. ISBN 9780862418274.
- "Year End Charts - Year-end Albums - The Billboard 200". Billboard.com. Archived from the original on February 14, 2008. Retrieved August 6, 2009.
- Richard Green (September 19, 1970). "Eric Burdon & War: Hyde Park, London". New Musical Express.
- Brown, Tony (1997). Jimi Hendrix: The Final Days. Omnibus Press. p. 107. ISBN 978-0-7119-5238-6.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 305. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Christgau, Robert (1981). "Consumer Guide '70s: W". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Robertchristgau.com. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 089919026X. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
- "Banken und Finanzprodukte im Vergleich". BankVergleich.com. Archived from the original on January 9, 2009.
- "Newsday | Long Island's & NYC's News Source". Newsday.com. Archived from the original on November 9, 2008.
- Greene, Andy (October 9, 2014). "Green Day, NIN, the Smiths Nominated for Rock Hall of Fame". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
- Rosen, Jody (June 25, 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved June 28, 2019.
- "War Band Bassist B.B. Dickerson Founding Member Dead at 71". TMZ. April 4, 2021. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
- Iasimone, Ashley (April 3, 2021). "Morris 'B.B.' Dickerson, Founding Member of War, Dies at 71". Billboard.