War Memorial of Korea
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|Revised Romanization||Jeonjaeng ginyeomgwan|
|Location||Yongsan-dong, Seoul, South Korea|
|Collection size||13,000 items
20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft)
|Website||The War Memorial of Korea|
War Memorial of Korea is located in Yongsan-dong, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, South Korea. It opened in 1994 on the former site of the army headquarters to exhibit and memorialize the military history of Korea. The memorial building has six indoor exhibition rooms and an outdoor exhibition centre displaying over 13,000 war memorabilia and military equipment.
The Korean peninsula has seen many wars among and within its states as well as intrusions from neighboring powers. Over the centuries, the southern states slowly seized territory from the neighbouring states and peoples such as the Jurchen, driving the border north and consolidating the peninsula under a single state, suffering several invasions that its allies helped to overcome. The War Memorial was built to commemorate actors and victims in the wars which led to the modern nation state. The museum also has the purpose of educating future generations by collecting, preserving, and exhibiting various historical relics and records related to the many wars fought in the country from a South Korean perspective.
The construction of the War Memorial of Korea was completed in December 1993. The project was carried in consultation with military experts while collecting a wide range of exhibition items at home and from abroad. Upon the completion of the interior the War Memorial of Korea opened officially on June 10, 1994, and became the largest landmark of its kind in the world.
Located on the old site of Army Headquarters, the War Memorial of Korea accommodates four aboveground floors and two underground floors in the main building, which stands on an area of about 20,000 square meters. On the green area around the memorial, loudspeaker emissions to foster patriotic spirit can be heard.
In cloistered left and right galleries flanking the facade of the main building are rows of black marble monuments inscribed with the names of those who died during the Korean War, Vietnam War, clashes with North Korea since the Korean War and of policemen who died on duty. The plaza in the museum compound has an artificial waterfall, and around it are widespread rest areas so that visitors can picnic while enjoying the pleasant landscape. In the center of the plaza stands the Statue of Brothers, the elder a South Korean soldier and the younger a North Korean soldier, which symbolizes the situation of Korea's division.
13,000 items are displayed in its six halls under different themes: Memorial Hall, War History, Korean War, Expeditionary Forces Room, ROK Armed Forces Room, and Large Equipment Room, plus the outside exhibition area. Displayed are various weapons and equipment from prehistoric times to the modern period as well as paintings of battlefields and sculptures of notable warriors and An Jung-geun, who assassinated a former Resident-General in Manchuria in 1909. About 100 large weapons are displayed in the outside exhibition area on the lawns around the building.
Upon entering the memorial halls, this English text is inscribed:
Inscribed on this memorial is the names of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces Soldiers and Policemen killed in the Armed Forces Activation, Korean War, Vietnam War and Counter Infiltration Operation and the United Nations Forces Soldiers killed in the Korean War.
Combat Experience Room
The Combat Experience Room provides a special opportunity for visitors to vividly experience life and death situations in night combat which soldiers went through during the Korean War. The special audiovisual effects, lighting, vibration, and even gunpowder odor make visitors feel as if they are right on the battlefield. It was closed in December 2013 to build a Donation Room. The Donation Room was opened on January 28 2014.
Outdoor display area
Items on display include: Aircraft:
- Antonov An-2
- Bell AH-1 Cobra
- Bell H-13 Sioux
- Bell UH-1 Iroquois
- Boeing B-52 Stratofortress
- Curtiss C-46 Commando
- de Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver
- Douglas C-54 Skymaster
- Fairchild C-123 Provider
- Grumman S-2 Tracker
- KAI KT-1 Woongbi
- Lockheed T-33
- McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II
- Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17
- North American P-51 Mustang
- North American F-86 Sabre
- North American T-28 Trojan
- Shenyang J-6
- Sikorsky H-5
- Sikorsky H-19
- Bofors 40 mm gun
- K1 and K1A1 tanks
- K200 KIFV
- Katyusha rocket launcher BM-13-16N
- M4 Sherman
- M36 tank destroyer
- M46 Patton
- M47 Patton
- M48 Patton
- M101 howitzer
- M107 self-propelled gun
- M109 howitzer
- M110 howitzer
- M113 armored personnel carrier
- M114 155 mm howitzer
- M167 VADS
- MIM-14 Nike Hercules
- MIM-23 Hawk
- Oerlikon 20 mm cannon
- Type 59
- Type 63 (tank)
- replica of PKM-357 damaged in the Second Battle of Yeonpyeong
- North Korean semi-submersible captured near Dadawpo, Busan on 3 December 1983
- Gapyeong Canada Monument
- Korean War Veterans Memorial, Washington, D.C.
- Korean War Memorial, Canberra, Australia
- Korean War Memorial Wall,map Ontario, Canada.
- National War Memorial (New Zealand)
- Seoul National Cemetery
- United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Busan, Korea
- CNN Go Seoul's best museums 27 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-04
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to War Memorial of Korea.|
- Pictures of the War Memorial of Korea
- The War Memorial's official website
- UNMCK United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Busan