War Memorial of Korea

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The War Memorial of Korea
Korean name
Revised RomanizationJeonjaeng ginyeomgwan
McCune–ReischauerChŏnjaeng kinyŏmgwan
War Memorial of Korea main building.JPG
EstablishedDecember 1993 (1993-12)
LocationItaewon-ro, Yongsan-dong, Seoul, South Korea
TypeWar memorial and museum
Collection size13,000 items
20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft)
DirectorSun Young-Jae
WebsiteThe War Memorial of Korea

The War Memorial of Korea is a museum located in Yongsan-dong, Yongsan-gu, Seoul, South Korea. It opened in 1994 on the former site of the army headquarters to exhibit and memorialize the military history of Korea. It was built for the purpose of preventing war through lessons from the Korean War and for the hoped for peaceful reunification of North and South Korea. The memorial building has six indoor exhibition rooms and an outdoor exhibition centre displaying war memorabilia and military equipment from China, South Korea and the United States.[1]


Outdoor exhibition area

The War Memorial was built to commemorate the military veterans and victims in the wars which led to the modern nation state. The museum also has the purpose of educating future generations by collecting, preserving, and exhibiting various historical relics and records related to the many wars fought in the country from a South Korean perspective.


The construction of the War Memorial of Korea was completed in December 1993. The project was carried out in consultation with military experts while collecting a wide range of exhibition items at home and abroad. Upon the completion of the interior, the memorial opened officially on June 10, 1994, and became the largest landmark of its kind in the world.[citation needed]

Surrounding area[edit]

Entrance of the war memorial and Statue of Brothers

Located on the old site of Army Headquarters, the War Memorial of Korea has four aboveground floors and two underground floors in the main building, which stands on an area of about 20,000 m2 (220,000 sq ft). On the grounds around the memorial, there are loudspeakers that broadcast patriotic messages.

In cloistered left and right galleries, flanking the facade of the main building, are rows of black marble monuments inscribed with the names of those who died during the Korean War, Vietnam War, clashes with North Korea since the Korean War and of policemen who died on duty. The plaza in the museum compound has an artificial waterfall, and around it are widespread rest areas so that visitors can picnic while enjoying the pleasant landscape. In the center of the plaza stands the Statue of Brothers, the elder a South Korean soldier and the younger a North Korean soldier, which symbolizes the situation of Korea's division.

Public transportation[edit]

Seoul Metro Line 6.svg Samgakji Station exit 12

Seoul Metro Line 4.svg Samgakji Station exit 12

Exhibition areas[edit]

An exhibition hall

13,000 items are displayed in six halls under different themes: Memorial Hall, War History, Korean War, Expeditionary Forces, ROK Armed Forces, and Large Equipment, plus the outside exhibition area. There are weapons and equipment from prehistoric times to the modern period as well as paintings of battlefields and sculptures of notable warriors and of An Jung-geun, who assassinated a former Resident-General in Manchuria in 1909. About 100 large weapons are displayed in the outside exhibition area on the lawns around the building.

Memorial Hall[edit]

Upon entering the memorial halls, this English text is inscribed:

Inscribed on this memorial are the names of the Republic of Korea Armed Forces Soldiers and Policemen killed in the Armed Forces Activation, Korean War, Vietnam War and Counter Infiltration Operation and the United Nations Forces Soldiers killed in the Korean War.

Indoor displays[edit]

Objects on display inside include:

Outdoor display area[edit]

Items on display include:

Fixed-wing aircraft:


  • Bell AH-1J “International Cobra” 29066. This helicopter was one of eight TOW-capable AH-1J helicopters sold to the ROK Army in 1978.[13]
  • Bell UH-1B Iroquois 62-12542. This helicopter formerly served as a helicopter gunship with the U.S. Navy’s HA(L)-3 Seawolves in the Vietnam War before being transferred to the South Korean air force.[14]
  • Sikorsky H-5H Dragonfly 49-2007. This helicopter was built 1949 under a USAF contract. For November 1960 to May 1960, it served with the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania as N6591D before being donated to the USAF Museum and eventually loaned to the War Memorial of Korea.[15]
  • Sikorsky HH-19B Chickasaw 53-4425. This helicopter was delivered to the USAF as a H-19B on September 2, 1954. It served in the USAF as a troop carrier and was eventually modified for air-sea rescue work and re-designated as an SH-19B (in 1962, all SH-19Bs were re-designated as HH-19Bs). It was eventually sent to the ROKAF in 1964.[16]
  • Aerospatiale SA319B Alouette III 770301. This helicopter formerly served with the ROK Navy. This aircraft sank a DPRK infiltration craft disguised as a fishing vessel with AS.11 missiles on 13 August 1983, killing 5 North Korean servicemen. This helicopter is painted with a kill marking commemorating the event.
  • Bell OH-13H Sioux

Armored Vehicles:

Artillery and Anti-Aircraft Guns:



See also[edit]


  1. ^ CNN Go Seoul's best museums Archived 2012-09-28 at the Wayback Machine 27 October 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-04
  2. ^ "116837 at Soeul War Memorial Museum". www.dhc-2.com.
  3. ^ AMARC Experience – TC-46D "44-78541" [1] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  4. ^ AMARC Experience – Fairchild C-123J Provider "56-4389" [2] Retrieved 2018-06-14
  5. ^ Warbirds Resource Group – "Grumman S2F (S-2) Tracker"[3] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  6. ^ Airframe Dossier [4] Retrieved 2018-06-14
  7. ^ Warbirds Resource Group – "North American F-86A, E, F, H Sabre day-fighter series" [5] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  8. ^ "North American F-86D/K/L Sabre". Forgotten Jets. Warbirds Resource Group. 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  9. ^ Warbirds Resource Group – "Northrop F-5 Freedom Fighter" [6] Retrieved 2018-06-13
  10. ^ "The Northrop F-5 Enthusiast Page – "Korean Air Force Units"".
  11. ^ "McDonell F-4 Phantom II". Forgotten Jets. Warbirds Resource Group. 2018. Retrieved December 22, 2020.
  12. ^ "1972 USAF Serial Numbers". www.joebaugher.com.
  13. ^ "[2.0] Second-Generation Cobras". www.airvectors.net.
  14. ^ "Seawolf Aircraft". American Aviation Historical Society Journal, Winter, 1988 [7]
  15. ^ "Pacific Wrecks". pacificwrecks.com.
  16. ^ "List of Sikorsky S-55 H-19 helicopters in South Korea". www.helis.com. Retrieved 2018-06-14.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°32′11″N 126°58′38″E / 37.5365°N 126.9771°E / 37.5365; 126.9771