War and Peace (1956 film)
|War and Peace|
|Directed by||King Vidor|
|Produced by||Dino De Laurentiis
|Screenplay by||Bridget Boland
Ennio De Concini
Gian Gaspare Napolitano
|Based on||War and Peace
by Leo Tolstoy
|Music by||Nino Rota|
|Edited by||Leo Cattozzo|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Box office||$6.25 million (rentals)|
War and Peace is the first English-language film version of the novel War and Peace by Leo Tolstoy. It is an American/Italian production, directed by King Vidor and produced by Dino De Laurentiis and Carlo Ponti. The music score was by Nino Rota and the cinematography by Jack Cardiff. The film was made by Dino de Laurentiis Productions and distributed by Paramount Pictures.
The film stars Audrey Hepburn, Henry Fonda, and Mel Ferrer, along with Vittorio Gassman, Herbert Lom and Anita Ekberg, in one of her first breakthrough roles. It had Academy Awards nominations for Best Director (King Vidor), Best Cinematography, Color (Jack Cardiff) and Best Costume Design, Color (Maria De Matteis).
Differences from the novel
The film script had to condense the extensive original. It is primarily focused on Natasha, Pierre, and Andrei, their complex relationship and personal maturation on the backdrop of the historical events of the Napoleonic invasion. In Moscow, most of the scenes take place at the Rostov residence, and episodes at the country estates are curtailed, with some exceptions such as the hunt where Natasha first meets Andrei. This is a condensation of two scenes at the Rostov country estate, since in the novel Andrei, who by then is already Natasha's fiancé, is not present at the hunt. There is no scene from St. Petersburg. The relationship between Nikolas, Sonya, and Mary is toned down. Historical figures retained are General Kutuzov and Napoleon. Minor battles are omitted, while Napoleon's crossing of the Berezina is added. The concept of the inner dialogue is retained, notably in regard to Natasha, but the extensive use of French is not retained in the movie. Events of the epilogue are not included in the movie, nor are Tolstoy's discourses about history.
- Audrey Hepburn as Natasha Rostova
- Henry Fonda as Count Pierre Bezukhov
- Mel Ferrer as Prince Andrei Bolkonsky
- Vittorio Gassman as Anatole Kuragine
- Herbert Lom as Napoleon
- Oscar Homolka as General Kutuzov
- Anita Ekberg as Helene
- Helmut Dantine as Dolokhov
- Tullio Carminati as Prince Vasili Kuragine
- Barry Jones as Count Rostov
- Milly Vitale as Lise
- Lea Seidl as Countess Rostova
- Anna-Maria Ferrero as Mary Bolkonskaya
- Wilfrid Lawson as Prince Bolkonsky (credited as Wilfred Lawson)
- May Britt as Sonya Rostova
- Jeremy Brett as Nicholas Rostov
- John Mills as Platon Karataev
- Patrick Crean as Denisov
- Sean Barrett as Petya Rostov
- Alan Furlan as Russian Officer
- List of American films of 1956
- War and Peace - 1966-67 film series directed by Sergei Bondarchuk
- War and Peace - 1972 TV 20-part BBC Production.
- War and Peace - 2007 TV 4-Part Mini Series.
- War and Peace - 1941 Opera composed by Sergei Prokofieff.
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1956', Variety Weekly, January 2, 1957.
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