War of the Limburg Succession

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War of the Limburg Succession
Battle of Worringen 1288.PNG
Battle of Worringen
Date 1283–1289
Location {{{place}}}
Result Victory for the Duke of Brabant and his allies
Belligerents
COA Kurkoeln.svg Electorate of Cologne
Geldern wapen.svg County of Guelders
County of Luxembourg
Armoiries Luxembourg-Ligny.png Lordship of Ligny
Arms of Nassau.svg County of Nassau
Royal Arms of Belgium.svg Duchy of Brabant
Bergischer Löwe.svg County of Berg
Counts of Mark Arms.svg County of Mark
Loon Arms.svg County of Loon
Blason Nord-Pas-De-Calais.svg County of Jülich
DE Tecklenburg COA.svg County of Tecklenburg
Waldeck (am Edersee).svg County of Waldeck
Commanders and leaders
COA Kurkoeln.svg Siegfried II of Westerburg
Geldern wapen.svg Reginald I of Guelders
Arms of Luxembourg.svg Henry VI of Luxembourg 
Armoiries Luxembourg-Ligny.png Waleran I of Ligny 
Arms of Nassau.svg Adolf of Nassau
Royal Arms of Belgium.svg John I of Brabant
Bergischer Löwe.svg Adolf VIII of Berg
Counts of Mark Arms.svg Eberhard II of Mark
Loon Arms.svg Arnold V
Blason Nord-Pas-De-Calais.svg Walram of Jülich
DE Tecklenburg COA.svg Otto III of Tecklenburg
Waldeck (am Edersee).svg Otto I of Waldeck

The War of the Limburg Succession, was a series of conflicts between 1283 and 1289 for the succession in the Duchy of Limburg.

The cause of the War of the Limburg Succession was the death of Waleran IV, Duke of Limburg in 1280, and his only daughter Ermengarde of Limburg in 1283. Waleran IV had no sons and Ermengarde had no children. Ermergarde had married Reginald I of Guelders, who now claimed the Duchy of Limburg. However, Waleran's nephew Adolf VIII of Berg, son of his elder brother Adolf VII of Berg, also claimed the Duchy. Unable to assert his claims, he sold them in 1283 to the mighty John I, Duke of Brabant.

Between 1283 and 1288, several smaller confrontations occurred between both sides, none of them decisive. Meanwhile, most of the other local powers chose sides. Siegfried II of Westerburg, the Archishop of Cologne and ruler of the Electorate of Cologne, traditional enemy of the Duke of Brabant, forged an alliance with Reginald I, joined by Henry VI, Count of Luxembourg, and his brother Waleran I of Luxembourg, Lord of Ligny, as well as by Adolf, King of Germany. On the other side the Counts of Mark took the chance to affirm their independence from the Archbishop of Cologne and together with the Counts of Loon, Tecklenburg, and Waldeck allied with Brabant and Berg. The citizens of the City of Cologne, eager to emancipate themselves from the Archbishop's rule, also joined this alliance.

After the decisive Battle of Worringen in 1288, won by Duke John I of Brabant and his allies, the Duchy of Limburg came in the possession of the Duke of Brabant. The City of Cologne gained its independence from the Archbishopric and finally the status of an Imperial city in 1475.