Warangal Urban district

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Warangal Urban district
District of Telangana
Country India
State Telangana
Headquarters Hanamkonda
Tehsils 12
Government
 • District collector Amrapali Kata
 • Assembly seats Telangana assembly
Area
 • Total 1,304.50 km2 (503.67 sq mi)
Population (2017)
 • Total 1,135,707
 • Density 870/km2 (2,300/sq mi)
Vehicle registration TS–03[1][2]
Website Official website
Warangal (urban) District Revenue division

Warangal (urban) district is located in the northern region of the Indian state of Telangana. The district headquarters are located at Warangal.[3]

History[edit]

Warangal Urban district consists of many Prehistoric habitation sites, which were explored by the Indian Archaeological authorities.
Paleolithic Rock art paintings are found at Pandavula gutta[4]

Padmakshi Gutta consists of a Jain temple dedicated to Goddess Padmavati, located on a hilltop in the heart of the town of Hanamkonda, was originally constructed during Kakatiya reign. Till the Kakatiya Kings renovated and established the Goddess Padmakshi, previously it was a ‘Basadi’ a Jain temple.[5] The temple also has rich sculpture of the Jain Tirthankara's

and other Jain Gods and Goddesses. The Kadalalaya basadi or Padmakshi Temple is built on a large rocky out crop.

Kakatiya Reign[edit]

Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya Kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from 12th to the 14th centuries. Warangal was also known as Orugallu. Oru means one(in tamil language) and Kallu means stone(kal means stone in tamil language ). The entire city was carved out of a single rock, hence the name Orukallu (Ekasila Nagaram in Sanskrit). The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Prominent rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis.

Nizam dynasty[edit]

Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad became an Indian statein 1948. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganisation Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh. After the bifurcation of the state of Andhra Pradesh, the district became a part of Telangana.

Geography[edit]

Warangal district occupies an area of 1,304.50 square kilometres (503.67 sq mi).[6]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 Census of India, the district has a population of 1,135,707.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district has only one revenue division i.e, Warangal and is sub-divided into 11 mandals.[6] Amrapalli Kata is the present collector of the district.[7]

Mandals[edit]

S.No. Revenue Mandal
1 Bheemadevarpalli
2 Dharmasagar
3 Elkathurthy
4 Inavole
5 Hanamkonda
6 Hasanparthy
7 Kamalapur
8 Kazipet
9 Khila Warangal
10 Velair
11 Warangal

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Warangal one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[8] It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[8]

Culture[edit]

Thousand Pillar Temple pond
Warangal Fort Ruins

In February 2013, Warangal was accorded World Heritage city status by UNESCO.[9] A few tourist attractions include:

A few of the notable personalities from the district include, Rudrama Devi, Kaloji Narayana Rao, Kothapalli Jayashankar, Nerella Venumadhav and P. V. Narasimha Rao.

Transport[edit]

National Highway 163 (India) between HyderabadBhopalpatnam of Chhattisgarh, National Highway 563 (India) between Jagitial-Khammam passes through the district. Warangal has two railway stations Kazipet Railway Station and Warangal Railway Station, which connects South and North India. The district has a small airport in Mamnoor, which can accommodate small aircraft like the ATR 42. This airport is currently used by police for gliding sorties, skeet shooting and aero-modeling.[10]

Education[edit]

The schools in the district are under the administration of a District Education Officer controlled by Department of Education.[11] Kashinath is the present Intermediate education officer, who oversees the junior colleges in the district for Telangana Board of Intermediate Education.[12]

Some of the major educational institutions include, National Institute of Technology, Kakatiya Medical College, Kakatiya University, Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences, University Arts and Science College, Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Science

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.sakshipost.com/telangana/2016/10/13/vehicle-registration-codes-for-new-districts-in-telangana
  2. ^ "Vehicle Registration Codes For New Districts In Telangana". Sakshipost. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "Warangal (rural) district" (PDF). New Districts Formation Portal. Retrieved 11 October 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.aparchaeologymuseum.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Warangal-dt.pdf
  5. ^ "Category:Padmakshi Gutta". wikimedia.org. 
  6. ^ a b c "New districts". Andhra Jyothy.com. 8 October 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016. 
  7. ^ "K Chandrasekhar Rao appoints collectors for new districts". Deccan Chronicle. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "TV9 – Warangal accorded World Heritage town status by UNESCO – Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. 2013-02-28. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  10. ^ Mamnoor airport to function only after 2030
  11. ^ "Warangal DEO". deowarangal.net. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "BIE announces IE officers for new districts". The Hans India. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°57′N 79°30′E / 17.95°N 79.5°E / 17.95; 79.5