Warangal district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Warangal.
Warangal district
వరంగల్ జిల్లా
District of Telangana
Warangal District Montage. Clockwise from Top Left: Painting of Goddess Bhadrakali in Warangal, Warangal Fort Gateway, Kotagullu in Ghanpur (Mulug), Dornakal Railway Station, Pakhal Lake.
Warangal District Montage. Clockwise from Top Left: Painting of Goddess Bhadrakali in Warangal, Warangal Fort Gateway, Kotagullu in Ghanpur (Mulug), Dornakal Railway Station, Pakhal Lake.
Location in Telangana, India  (Officially from 2 June 2014)
Location in Telangana, India
(Officially from 2 June 2014)
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
Area[1]
 • Total 12,846 km2 (4,960 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 3,512,576
Languages
 • Official Telugu, Urdu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 91-
Vehicle registration TS–03[3]
Climate Aw (Köppen)
Website Warangal district

Warangal district is located in the northern region of the state of Telangana, India. The administrative seat is Warangal. The district is at a distance of approx. 80 km. from the state capital Hyderabad. Warangal is well known for its granite quarries (notably the black and brown varieties) and as a market for rice, chili peppers, cotton, and tobacco. The Warangal district headquarters is also Warangal.

History[edit]

Main article: Kakatiya dynasty

Warangal district consists of many Prehistoric habitation sites, which were explored by the Indian Archaeological authorities.
Paleolithic Rock art paintings are found at Pandavula gutta[4] (Regonda) and Narsapur[5] (Tadvai) in the district. The lower valley along River Godavari is a rich belt of Neolithic settlement[6] extended to the neighbouring Khammam district also.

Jainism[edit]

Padmakshi Gutta consists of a Jain temple dedicated to Goddess Padmavati, located on a hilltop in the heart of the town of Hanamkonda, was originally constructed during Kakatiya reign. Till the Kakatiya Kings renovated and established the Goddess Padmakshi, previously it was a ‘Basadi’ a Jain temple.[7] The temple also has rich sculpture of the Jain Tirthankara's and other Jain Gods and Goddesses. The Kadalalaya basadi or Padmakshi Temple is built on a large rocky out crop.
Angadi Veerannagudi a Jain temple located at Biranpally[4] village in Maddur Mandal in the district.

Kakatiya Reign[edit]

Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya Kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from 12th to the 14th centuries. Warangal was also known as Orugallu. Oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was carved out of a single rock, hence the name Orukallu (Ekasila Nagaram in Sanskrit). The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Prominent rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis.

Deccan Empires[edit]

Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad became an Indian statein 1948. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganisation Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.

Warangal District is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[8]

Geography[edit]

Warangal district occupies an area of 12,846 square kilometres (4,960 sq mi),[9] comparatively equivalent to the island of Jamaica or the US state of Hawaii.[10] District is bounded on North by Karimnagar district, on East & South east by Khammam district, West by Medak district, and South by Nalgonda district.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Warangal district has a population of 3,522,644,[11] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[12] or the US state of Connecticut.[13] This gives it a ranking of 82nd in India (out of a total of 640).[11] The district has a population density of 274 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi) .[11] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 8.52%.[11] Warangal has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males,[11] and a literacy rate of 66.16%.[11]

Household indicators[edit]

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 956 households in 40 villages across the district.[14] They found that 94.1% had access to electricity, 94.3% had drinking water, 40.6% toilet facilities, and 30.4% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[14] 17.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[15] and 87.2% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[14]

Administrative divisions[edit]

As per 2011 Census, the 51 Mandals are distributed among 5 Revenue Divisions as:[16]

Warangal Division – 12 Mandals

Atmakur, Dharmasagar, Geesugonda, Ghanpur (Station), Hanamkonda, Hasanparthy, Parvathagiri, Raiparthy, Sangam, Warangal, Wardhannapet, Zaffergadh

Mahabubabad Division – 9 Mandals

Dornakal, Kesamudram, Kuravi, Mahabubabad, Maripeda, Narsimhulapet, Nekkonda, Nellikudur, Thorrur

Mulug Division – 13 Mandals

Bhupalpalle, Chityal, Eturnagaram, Ghanpur (Mulug), Govindaraopet, Mangapet, Mogullapalle, Mulug, Parkal, Regonda, Shayampet, Tadvai, Venkatapur

Jangaon Division – 10 Mandals

Bachannapet, Cheriyal, Devaruppula, Jangaon, Kodakandla, Lingalaghanpur, Maddur, Narmetta, Palakurthi, Raghunathpalle

Narsampet Division – 7 Mandals

Chennaraopet, Duggondi, Gudur, Khanapur, Kothaguda, Nallabelly, Narsampet

Economy[edit]

In 2006 the Indian government named Warangal one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[17] It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[17]

Power sector[edit]

TSGENCO has set up a 500 MW + 600MW (Total capacity 1100MW) super thermal power plant in the Chelpur/ Bhupalpally area. Power Grid Corporation of India Limited is having a 630MVA, 400/220KV Substation in the Oglapur village in Atmakur mandal.

Tourism[edit]

Thousand Pillar Temple pond
Warangal Fort Ruins
Ramappa Temple
Pakhal Lake

In February 2013, Warangal was accorded World Heritage town status by UNESCO.[18] A few tourist attractions include:

Transport[edit]

Roadway[edit]

National Highway 163 (India) between HyderabadBhopalpatnam (Chhattisgarh) connects the district through Jangaon, Kazipet, Hanamakonda, Mulug, Eturnagaram. Warangal is surrounded with towns like Bhoopalpally, Parkal, Narsampet, Torrur and Jangaon each 30-90 kilometers.

Railway[edit]

Warangal has two railway stations Kazipet Railway Station and Warangal Railway Station, which connects South and North India.

Airway[edit]

District has a small airport in Mamnoor, which can accommodate small aircraft like the ATR 42. This airport is currently used by police for gliding sorties, skeet shooting and aero-modeling.[19]

Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is the nearest airport for the district.

Education[edit]

District's notable educational institutions include:

Notable personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Warangal at a Glance". warangal.nic.in. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  2. ^ "Telangana State Portal Warangal". www.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 22 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b http://www.aparchaeologymuseum.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Warangal-dt.pdf
  5. ^ "File:Rock painting sites at Warangal.JPG". wikimedia.org. 
  6. ^ http://shodhganga.inflibnet.ac.in/bitstream/10603/1749/16/16_chapter%204.pdf
  7. ^ "Category:Padmakshi Gutta". wikimedia.org. 
  8. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  9. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  10. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Samar 12,849km2 
  11. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est. 
  13. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Connecticut 3,574,097 
  14. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  15. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females. 
  16. ^ "District Census Handbook – Warangal" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14. Retrieved 21 May 2016. 
  17. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  18. ^ "TV9 – Warangal accorded World Heritage town status by UNESCO – Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. 2013-02-28. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  19. ^ Mamnoor airport to function only after 2030
  20. ^ KITS,Warangal

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 17°57′N 79°30′E / 17.95°N 79.5°E / 17.95; 79.5