|District of Telangana|
Location in Telangana, India
(Officially from 2 June 2014)
|• Total||12,846 km2 (4,960 sq mi)|
|• Official||Telugu, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Warangal district is located in the northern region of the Indian state of Telangana. The district headquarters are located at Warangal. Warangal is well known for its granite quarries (notably the black and brown varieties) and as a market for rice, chili peppers, cotton, and tobacco.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Administrative divisions
- 5 Economy
- 6 Tourism
- 7 Transport
- 8 Education
- 9 Notable personalities
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Warangal district consists of many Prehistoric habitation sites, which were explored by the Indian Archaeological authorities.
Paleolithic Rock art paintings are found at Pandavula gutta (Regonda) and Narsapur (Tadvai) in the district. The lower valley along River Godavari is a rich belt of Neolithic settlement extended to the neighbouring Khammam district also.
Padmakshi Gutta consists of a Jain temple dedicated to Goddess Padmavati, located on a hilltop in the heart of the town of Hanamkonda, was originally constructed during Kakatiya reign. Till the Kakatiya Kings renovated and established the Goddess Padmakshi, previously it was a ‘Basadi’ a Jain temple. The temple also has rich sculpture of the Jain Tirthankara's and other Jain Gods and Goddesses. The Kadalalaya basadi or Padmakshi Temple is built on a large rocky out crop.
Angadi Veerannagudi a Jain temple located at Biranpally village in Maddur Mandal in the district.
Warangal was the capital of Kakatiya Kingdom ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty from 12th to the 14th centuries. Warangal was also known as Orugallu. Oru means one and Kallu means stone. The entire city was carved out of a single rock, hence the name Orukallu (Ekasila Nagaram in Sanskrit). The Kakatiyas left many monuments, including impressive fortress, four massive stone gateways, the Swayambhu temple dedicated to Shiva, and the Ramappa temple situated near Ramappa Lake. The cultural and administrative distinction of the Kakatiyas was mentioned by the famous traveller Marco Polo. Prominent rulers included Ganapathi Deva, Prathapa Rudra, and Rudrama Devi. After the defeat of PratapaRudra, the Musunuri Nayaks united seventy two Nayak chieftains and captured Warangal from Delhi sultanate and ruled for fifty years. Jealousy and mutual rivalry between Nayaks ultimately led to the downfall of Hindus in 1370 A.D. and success of Bahmanis.
Bahmani Sultanate later broke up into several smaller sultanates, of which the Golconda sultanate ruled Warangal. The Mughal emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, and it remained part of the Mughal empire until the southern provinces of the empire split away to become the state of Hyderabad in 1724 which included the Telangana region and some parts of Maharashtra and Karnataka. Hyderabad became an Indian statein 1948. In 1956 Hyderabad was partitioned as part of the States Reorganisation Act, and Telangana, the Telugu-speaking region of Hyderabad state which includes Warangal, became part of Andhra Pradesh.
Warangal district occupies an area of 12,846 square kilometres (4,960 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to the island of Jamaica or the US state of Hawaii. District is bounded on North by Karimnagar district, on East & South east by Khammam district, West by Medak district, and South by Nalgonda district.
According to the 2011 census Warangal district has a population of 3,522,644, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 82nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 274 inhabitants per square kilometre (710/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 8.52%. Warangal has a sex ratio of 994 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 66.16%.
In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 956 households in 40 villages across the district. They found that 94.1% had access to electricity, 94.3% had drinking water, 40.6% toilet facilities, and 30.4% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 17.5% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 87.2% of interviewees carried a BPL card.
The below table categorizes mandals into their respective revenue divisions in the district:
|#||Narsampet revenue division||#||Warangal revenue division|
There are 6 assembly constituencies in Warangal district. They are Bhupalapally, Narsampet, Parkal, Warangal East, Warangal West and Wardhannapet (SC).
In 2006 the Indian government named Warangal one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Power Grid Corporation of India Limited is having a 630MVA, 400/220KV Substation in the Oglapur village in Atmakur mandal.
National Highway 163 (India) between Hyderabad – Bhopalpatnam (Chhattisgarh) connects the district through Jangaon, Kazipet, Hanamakonda, Mulug, Eturnagaram. Warangal is surrounded with the towns – Bhoopalpally, Parkal, Narsampet, Torrur and Jangaon each 30-90 kilometers.
District's notable educational institutions include:
- National Institute of Technology, Warangal
- Kakatiya Medical College
- Kakatiya University
- Kaloji Narayana Rao University of Health Sciences
- University Arts and Science College, Warangal
- Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Science
- "Warangal at a Glance". warangal.nic.in. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "Telangana State Portal Warangal". www.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 22 June 2016.
- "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014.
- "Warangal district map". newdistrictsformation.telangana.gov.in. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "File:Rock painting sites at Warangal.JPG". wikimedia.org.
- "Category:Padmakshi Gutta". wikimedia.org.
- "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females.
- "Warangal district" (PDF). Chief Commissioner of Land Administration. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
- "District Census Handbook – Warangal" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
- "TV9 – Warangal accorded World Heritage town status by UNESCO – Telugu TVTelugu TV". Telugutv.au.com. 2013-02-28. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
- Mamnoor airport to function only after 2030
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Warangal district.|
||Karimnagar district||Bijapur district, Chhattisgarh|
|Medak district||Khammam district|