Warburgia

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Warburgia
Warburgia salutaris, loof en blomme, Manie van der Schijff BT, b.jpg
Foliage and flowers of W. salutaris
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Canellales
Family: Canellaceae
Genus: Warburgia
Engl.
Synonyms[1]

Warburgia is a genus of plant in family Canellaceae described as a genus in 1895.[2] It was named for the German botanist Otto Warburg.[3] It is native to eastern and southern Africa.[1]

All four species have medicinal uses.[4] Extracts of Warburgia ugandensis have been reported to show some antimalarial properties in animal models.[5][6]

Species[1]
  1. Warburgia elongata Verdc. - Tanzania
  2. Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f.) Chiov. - Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal
  3. Warburgia stuhlmannii Engl. - Tanzania, Kenya
  4. Warburgia ugandensis Sprague - Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zaire, Ethiopia to Malawi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Engler, Heinrich Gustav Adolf. 1895. Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas C: 276
  3. ^ PlantzAfrica: Warburgia salutaris
  4. ^ Muchugi, A.; et al. (2008). "Genetic structuring of important medicinal species of genus Warburgia as revealed by AFLP analysis" (PDF). Tree Genetics & Genomes. 4 (4): 787–795. doi:10.1007/s11295-008-0151-3. 
  5. ^ Were, PS; Kinyanjui, P; Gicheru, MM; Mwangi, E; Ozwara, HS (2010). "Prophylactic and curative activities of extracts from Warburgia ugandensis Sprague (Canellaceae) and Zanthoxylum usambarense (Engl.) Kokwaro (Rutaceae) against Plasmodium knowlesi and Plasmodium berghei". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 130 (1): 158–62. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2010.04.034. PMID 20435133. 
  6. ^ Medicinal plants on verge of extinction - environment - 10 January 2009 - New Scientist