Warburgia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Warburgia
Warburgia salutaris, loof en blomme, Manie van der Schijff BT, b.jpg
Foliage and flowers of W. salutaris
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Canellales
Family: Canellaceae
Genus: Warburgia
Engl.
Synonyms[1]

Warburgia is a genus of plant in family Canellaceae described as a genus in 1895.[2] It was named for the German botanist Otto Warburg.[3] It is native to eastern and southern Africa.[1]

All four species have medicinal uses.[4] Extracts of Warburgia ugandensis have been reported to show some antimalarial properties in animal models.[5][6]

Species[1]
  1. Warburgia elongata Verdc. - Tanzania
  2. Warburgia salutaris (Bertol.f.) Chiov. - Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal
  3. Warburgia stuhlmannii Engl. - Tanzania, Kenya
  4. Warburgia ugandensis Sprague - Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Zaire, Ethiopia to Malawi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Engler, Heinrich Gustav Adolf. 1895. Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas C: 276
  3. ^ PlantzAfrica: Warburgia salutaris
  4. ^ Muchugi, A.; et al. (2008). "Genetic structuring of important medicinal species of genus Warburgia as revealed by AFLP analysis" (PDF). Tree Genetics & Genomes. 4 (4): 787–795. doi:10.1007/s11295-008-0151-3.
  5. ^ Were, PS; Kinyanjui, P; Gicheru, MM; Mwangi, E; Ozwara, HS (2010). "Prophylactic and curative activities of extracts from Warburgia ugandensis Sprague (Canellaceae) and Zanthoxylum usambarense (Engl.) Kokwaro (Rutaceae) against Plasmodium knowlesi and Plasmodium berghei". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 130 (1): 158–62. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2010.04.034. PMID 20435133.
  6. ^ Medicinal plants on verge of extinction - environment - 10 January 2009 - New Scientist