Ward County, Texas
The Ward County Courthouse in Monahans
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Thomas W. Ward|
|• Total||836 sq mi (2,170 km2)|
|• Land||836 sq mi (2,170 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2) 0.03%%|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||13/sq mi (5/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Ward County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,658. The county seat is Monahans. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1892. It is named for Thomas W. Ward, a soldier in the Texas Revolution.
Archeological investigations conducted in northwestern Ward County have found evidence of prehistoric man in the form of occupational debris, petroglyphs, and pictographs. Tribes occupying the area include Suma-Jumano, Apache, and Comanche. The sand hills have contained native artifacts.
The Butterfield Overland Mail in 1858 used Emigrant's Crossing, where exposed rocks afford one of the few places safe for fording the Pecos River. The stage line had an adobe station and a high-walled adobe corral there.
The Texas State Legislature carved Ward County from a portion of Tom Green County in 1887. The county was organized in 1892. Barstow became the county seat. Barstow became a farming and ranching trade center by 1904. Drought plagued the area in the early part of the 20th century.
Ward County benefitted from the opening of the Hendrick oilfield Winkler County in 1926. Pipelines and railroad loading tanks were constructed at Wickett, Pyote, and Monahans. Oil was discovered at Grandfalls  in 1929, and the nearby community of Royalty was established. Shell Oil Company constructed an 8-acre (32,000 m2) tank that would hold a million barrels. By January 1, 1991, 668,715,000 barrels (106,317,200 m3) of oil had been produced in the county since 1928.
On May 10, 1938, Monahans won a contested election to move the county seat from Barstow. The election was upheld in 1939, and the county seat moved to Monahans that year.
Pyote Air Force Station  opened in 1942, becoming the largest bomber installation in the United States. The plane Enola Gay, which dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, was later stored here. The base became inactive during the Korean War.
Monahans Sandhills State Park opened in 1957. The Sealy-Smith Foundation leased much of the land to the state in 1956 until 2056. An additional 900 acres (3.6 km2) were leased from the Williams family of Monahans.
- Winkler County (north)
- Ector County (northeast)
- Crane County (east)
- Pecos County (south)
- Reeves County (west)
- Loving County (northwest)
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 10,909 people, 3,964 households, and 2,929 families were residing in the county. The population density was 13 people per square mile (5/km2). The 4,832 housing units averaged 6 per sq mi (2/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 79.79% White, 4.61% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 12.55% from other races, and 2.11% from two or more races. About 41.98% of the population were Hispanics or Latinos of any race.
Of the 3,964 households, 36.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.80% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.10% were not families. About 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66, and the average family size was 3.15.
In the county, the age distribution was 30.60% under 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 22.20% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,386, and for a family was $36,014. Males had a median income of $31,373 versus $18,198 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,393. About 15.80% of families and 17.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.30% of those under age 18 and 20.10% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
An unincorporated area near Pyote is the site of the former Pyote Air Force Base. The facility housed the West Texas State School, operated by the Texas Youth Commission, until the youth detention facility closed in 2010.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 29, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 27, 2015.
- Texas Handbook, Ward County
- Fort Tours
- Texas and Pacific Railway Home Page
- Texas Escapes, Pyote
- Texas Escapes, Grandfalls
- Texas Historical Markers, Million Barrel Tank
- Rootsweb, Million Barrel Tank and Museum
- Texas Escapes, Pyote Air Force Station
- Texas Historical Markers, Rattlesnake Bomber Base
- TPWD Monahans
- Handbook of Texas, Monahans Sandhills State Historic Park
- State Parks, Monahans
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 12, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Facility Address List Archived 2001-11-10 at the Wayback Machine." Texas Youth Commission. Retrieved on May 23, 2010.
- Ward, Mike. "Report: school "did not provide a safe environment" Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine." Austin American-Statesman. Saturday March 17, 2007. Retrieved on May 23, 2010.
- "TYC Facility in Pyote Officially Closes Their Doors." Newswest 9. Retrieved on June 3, 2010.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-08-01.
- Ward County government's website
- Ward County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Historic Ward County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.