Maidan Wardak Province

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Maidan Wardak

میدان وردک
A gathering of people receiving gifts from the Afghan National Army (ANA) during a patrol in the Sayedabad district of Wardak Province in November 2011
A gathering of people receiving gifts from the Afghan National Army (ANA) during a patrol in the Sayedabad district of Wardak Province in November 2011
Map of Afghanistan with Wardak highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Wardak highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4Coordinates: 34°24′N 68°24′E / 34.4°N 68.4°E / 34.4; 68.4
Country Afghanistan
CapitalMaidan Shar
Government
 • GovernorMuhammad Arif Shah Jahan
Area
 • Total9,934 km2 (3,836 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)[1]
 • Total567,600
 • Density57/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
ISO 3166 codeAF-WAR
Main languagesPashto
Persian

Maidan Wardak Province[2] (Pashto: د میدان وردگ ولايت‎, Dari: ولایت میدان وردک‎), also called Maidan Wardag or Maidan, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the central region of Afghanistan. It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 567,600.[1] The capital of the province is Maidan Shar, while the most populous district in the province is Saydabad District. The name of the province is called "Wardak" as stated by the Afghan constitution and IDLG approved documents.

History[edit]

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History of Afghanistan
"Interior of the palace of Shauh Shujah Ool Moolk, Late King of Cabul"
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Related historical names of the region

During the communist times, the people of Wardak never gave significant support to the communist government.[3] Wardak Province was significant during the Civil War in Afghanistan, due to its proximity with Kabul and its agricultural lands. Hezb-e Wahdat had a significant presence in the area. Most of the area was captured by the Taliban around winter 1995.[3] It remains a major Taliban travel route to Kabul with Maidan Shahr a target for terror.

The security situation rapidly deteriorated in Wardak in 2008 and 2009. According to a report by Mohammad Osman Tariq Elias, both Logar and Wardak, by the end of 2008, were under de facto Taliban control.[3] As of April 2009, the Ministry of the Interior (Afghanistan) had listed the entire province as "High Risk."[4]

In October 2017 US Forces from elements of the 1st Battalion 87 Infantry Regiment and 10th Special Operations Group launched an offensive to wrest the province from Taliban control.

On January 21, 2019 a Taliban attack on a military base and police training center in the province resulted in 12 deaths. At least 30 people were reported to be injured. The attack came during a time of intense daily violence throughout the country.[5]

US Soldier in Wardak Province in 2011

Geography[edit]

Wardak province is located in the central and eastern region of Afghanistan; bordering Parwan to the northeast, Kabul and Logar to the east, Ghazni to the south and Bamyan to the west. The capital of Wardak province is Maidan Shar, which is located about 35 km from Kabul. Wardak province covers an area of 9,934 km2. It is mountainous like the rest of the country with plains and many valleys, such as the Tangi Valley. The majority of its residents live in rural areas. The most heavily populated areas are along the Kabul–Kandahar Highway. The rest of the province is thinly populated, with villages concentrated in areas with available irrigation and water sources (CSO and UNFPA, 2003). Famous passes include the Unai Pass and the Hajigak Pass.

Politics and governance[edit]

The current governor of the province is Mohammad Halim Fidai. His predecessor was Abdul Jabbar Naeemi. The town of Maidan Shar serves as the capital of the province. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are conducted by the Afghan National Police (ANP) along with the Afghan Local Police (ALP). The provincial police chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP is backed by other Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF), including the NATO-led forces.

Economics and industry[edit]

In terms of industry, one marble factory is working in the province, and there are marble mines in the provincial center and Sayed Abad District although no mining is currently undertaken there due to the government ban. The majority of commercial activity in Maidan Shahr. Wardak is related to trade in agricultural and livestock products, although stone quarrying is also a growing business in the area. The people from Maidan Shahr are also experts in karez cleaning and repair and go to other parts of the country for this purpose. In Wardak, there are many natural resources like petroleum, iron, rubies, and emeralds.

Agriculture is a major source of revenue for 43% of households in Maidan Wardak province. Four-fifths (79%) of rural households own or manage agricultural land or garden plots in the province. However, nearly a quarter (24%) of households in the province derive income from trade and services, and around half (45%) of households earn some income through non-farm related labor.

Education[edit]

A school being renovated in the Jalrez district of Wardak province in 2009

The overall literacy rate in Wardak province is 25%. There are around 251 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 105,358 students. There are 2909 teachers teaching in these schools.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Districts of Wardak province

As of 2013, the total population of Wardak province is about 567,600,[1] which is multi-ethnic and mostly a tribal society. The ethnic groups in this province include Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras and a small population of Qizilbashs.[7][8]

Districts[edit]

Districts of Wardak Province
District Capital Population[9] Area[10] Notes
Chaki Wardak Chaki Wardak 83,376 1,273 Majority Pashtun
Day Mirdad Miran 28,865 Majority Hazara
Hisa-I-Awali Bihsud 25,079 Majority Hazara
Jaghatu 46,667 Shifted from Ghazni Province in 2005, Pashtun, Hazara, Tajik
Jalrez 44,873 Mostly Hazara
Markazi Bihsud Behsud 94,328 Mostly Hazara
Maidan Shar Maidan Shar 35,008 Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek
Nirkh 56,354 Mostly Pashtun
Saydabad Saydabad 114,793 1,163 Mostly Pashtun

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Settled Population of by Civil Division, Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Central Statistics Organization. Retrieved 2014-10-24.
  2. ^ "Maidan Wardak". Office of the President of Afghanistan.
  3. ^ a b c Elias, Mohammed Osman Tariq (2009). "The Resurgence of the Taliban in Kabul, Logar and Wardak". In Giustozzi, Antonio (ed.). Decoding the New Taliban: Insights from the Afghan Field. Hurst & Company. ISBN 978-1-85065-961-7.
  4. ^ British Broadcasting Corporation. Afghanistan: Security Map. 19 August 2009. Accessed at: http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8194230.stm Accessed on [28 September 2009]
  5. ^ Taliban Attack on Afghan Military Base and Police Training Center Kills 12 21 January 2019. Accessed at: http://time.com/5508503/taliban-attack-afghanistan-military-base-12-dead/ Accessed on [21 January 2019]
  6. ^ "Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development" (PDF). Mrrd.gov.af. 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  7. ^ "Maydan Wardak Province". Understanding War. Archived from the original on 2013-09-25. Retrieved 2013-09-25.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. ^ "Paktia Province" (PDF). Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2014-10-20.
  9. ^ http://www.mrrd.gov.af/nabdp/Provincial%20Profiles/Wardak%20PDP%20Provincial%20profile.pdf Wardak Provincial Profile - MRRD
  10. ^ Afghanistan Geographic & Thematic Layers

External links[edit]