Ware, Hertfordshire

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Ware Gazebos from south bank of River Lea - geograph.org.uk - 302424.jpg
Riverside gazebos
Ware is located in Hertfordshire
 Ware shown within Hertfordshire
Population 18,000 
OS grid reference TL495215
Civil parish Ware
District East Hertfordshire
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WARE
Postcode district SG11 and SG12
Dialling code 01920
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Hertford and Stortford
List of places

Coordinates: 51°49′01″N 0°01′45″W / 51.817°N 0.0292°W / 51.817; -0.0292

Ware is a town of around 18,000 people in Hertfordshire, England close to the county town of Hertford. It is also a civil parish in East Hertfordshire district. The Prime Meridian passes to the east of Ware.[1]


The town lies on the north-south A10 road which is partly shared with the east-west A414 (for Hertford to the west and Harlow to the east). There is a large viaduct over the River Lea at Kings Meads. The £3.6m two-mile bypass opened on 17 January 1979. At the north end of the bypass is the Wodson Park Sports and Leisure Centre and Hanbury Manor, a hotel and country club. The former route of the A10 through the town is now the A1170. The railway station is on the Hertford East Branch Line and operated by Abellio Greater Anglia and is on a short single track section of the otherwise double track line.

Historical information[edit]

Archaeology has shown that Ware has been occupied since at least the Mesolithic period (which ended about 4000 BC)[2] The Romans had a sizable settlement here and foundations of several buildings, including a temple, and two cemeteries have been found.[3] A well-preserved Roman skeleton of a teenage girl has also been found.[4] Ware was on Ermine Street, the Roman road from London to Lincoln. It has been said that Ware is one of the oldest continuously occupied sites in Europe.[5]

The modern name of the town dates from the Anglo-Saxon period[6] when weirs were built to stop the invading Vikings from escaping in their longships after defeat by Alfred the Great in a battle near Ware. It was also a great coaching town, being on the Old North Road, less than a day's journey from London. In the 17th century Ware became the source of the New River, constructed to bring fresh water to London.

Mary I had Thomas Fust burnt at stake in Ware for refusing to convert to Catholicism.

The Ware Mutiny occurred on 15 November 1647, between the First and the Second English Civil War at Corkbush Field, when soldiers were ordered to sign a declaration of loyalty to Thomas Fairfax, the commander-in-chief of the New Model Army (NMA), and the Army Council. When some with Leveller sympathies refused to do this they were arrested, and one of the ringleaders, Private Richard Arnold, was court-martialled and shot.[7]

62 Children were sent to Ware after the Great Fire of London.

In 1683, the Rye House Plot involved assassinating Charles II after he passed through Ware. It failed.

England's first turnpike (toll) road ran from Wadesmill to Ware. The town was once a major centre of malting.

In 1756 during the Seven Years' War, £350 was paid to the inns and public houses of Ware for the troops staying with them.

The Ware Town Council coat of arms was issued in 1956 by the College of Arms to Ware Urban District Council, and transferred to Ware Town Council in 1975. The arms are derived from matters with which Ware is associated — the barge rudders reference the bargemen of Ware, with the red and white striping on the rudders being the livery colours of the City of London, associating the Ware bargemen's free entry rights to that City (q.v.); the crossed coach horns reference the town's long history as a coaching town; and the sheaves of barley reference the malting history of Ware. The motto of the town "cave" (Latin for "beware") was suggested by the College of Heralds, with the intent of its being a pun on the town's name.[8]

With the River Lea flowing through the centre of Ware, transport by water was for many years a significant industry. As an old brewing town (and some of the old maltings still stand, although none are functional), barley was transported in, and beer out via the river. Bargemen born in Ware were given the "freedom of the River Thames" — avoiding the requirement of paying lock dues — as a result of their transport of fresh water and food in during the great plague of 1665–66. A local legend says that dead bodies were brought out of London, but there is no evidence for this. "Buryfield" in Ware is thought by many to be where these supposed bodies were buried. The name apparently originates from before 1666, with the burial of large numbers of Roman inhabitants of Ware.[9]

Tragedy struck the town on 25 January 1990 when a 15-year-old local girl struck by a falling tree was one of 39 people to die in a storm that ravaged Britain.[10]


Ware has plenty of listed buildings by Historic England, many timber framed, Four grade 1, Fifteen grade 2* and one hundred and eighty-one grade 2 [11] including the remains of a fourteenth-century friary,[12] now the local council offices and a conference centre called The Priory and Fletcher’s Lea. Recent restoration work has shown that it dates from the thirteenth century. Opposite the priory is the large fourteenth-century parish church of St. Mary. It is known for its elaborate font with large carved stone figures. The town is also famous for its many 18th-century riverside gazebos, several of which have been restored recently. It is also famous for the Great Bed of Ware, which was mentioned by Shakespeare. It is in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, but from April 2012 until April 2013 it was loan to the Museum in Ware.The bed is 10'9" square and 7'6"high and has reputedly accommodated 12 London butchers and their wives!. Ware is also mentioned in the Canterbury Tales. Ware was the unintended destination of John Gilpin in William Cowper's comic poem.[13]

Some of the buildings along the High Street date back to the 14th century. Ware used to have many coaching inns and passageways between some shops lead to their stables. Many of these passageways also have former maltings. Crib Street has a good sequence of timber framed buildings which have been restored since the 1970s.[14]

Today the town's main employer is GlaxoSmithKline which has a large plant in the town, This company was formally known as Allen & Hanbury and has a long connection with the town, with many historical items on view in a section on the company in the museum . There are also many other small factories. It is also a commuting town for London, with regular rail services between Ware railway station and London Liverpool Street.

Fairport Convention's 1971 album Babbacombe Lee was inspired by an old newspaper story that fiddle player Dave Swarbrick bought in an antiques shop in the High Street of Ware when the band lived at The Angel former public house in nearby Little Hadham.

Ware Weir. The GSK offices are in the background.

Places of Interest[edit]

Ware Tourism Office.[15]

Ware Museum[edit]

Ware has its own Museum which in 2008 received Full Accreditation from the Museums, Archives and Libraries Council.[16] The museum is independent and run completely by volunteers. In 2012/2013 Ware Museum was home to the Great Bed of Ware on loan for one year from The Victoria and Albert Museum in London. The bed is reputedly haunted by the ghost of its maker, Jonas Fosbrooke, who is said to harass any non-Royal person who attempts to sleep in the bed.[17] The museum is partially housed inside an original Second World War Command Bunker used to co-ordinate local defences and respond to Air-raids and this part was refurbished for 2010. The museum contains many interesting items from the history of the town of Ware together with a number of exhibits relating to the Second World War and from Allen & Hanbury pharmaceuticals now known as G.S.K, a long established company in the town. There are also a number of exhibits for children and many special activity days throughout the year.

Scots Grotto[edit]

Ware is home to Scott's Grotto,[18] built for John Scott, an 18th-century poet who owned Amwell House from 1768. The grotto, the largest in the UK, is a series of chambers extending over 65 ft into the chalk hillside. The chambers are decorated with shells, stones such as flint and coloured glass. The grotto is owned by East Herts District Council and was restored in 1990 by the Ware Society.

Bluecoat Yard[edit]

In Bluecoat Yard is Place House, Ware's oldest extant surviving building. It dates from the 14th century, with additions in the 16th and 17th centuries, and was once Ware's Manor House. It has a crown post roof.[19]

Maltmaker Statue[edit]

The statue of a Maltmaker was unveiled in November 1999 outside St Mary's Church in time with the Millennium celebrations. This statue commemorates the days in which Ware was the principal malt supplier to London specialising in brown malt for a beer known as 'Porter' and was the premier malting town in England with 140 malt houses by 1880 but these have all now closed. The maltmaking days of Ware were at their peak in the 18th Century despite being initiated in the Middle Ages[20]

Education facilities[edit]


The town's secondary schools include Presdales School for girls, a former grammar school, which is now a successful language college and The Chauncy School, a co-educational semi-independent academy. There are two independent schools (both co-educational) nearby: Haileybury and Imperial Service College (ages 11–18), located between the town and Hoddesdon to the west of the A10 and St Edmund's College (prep to Sixth Form), a Catholic school near Puckeridge to the north.

Primary and Nursery[edit]

There are currently eight primary schools in Ware,[21] the largest being St Mary's School and Christ Church CofE (VA) Primary School and Nursery.[22]


There are also numerous preschools and nurseries,[23] the oldest being Orchard House Preschool[24] and the newest Riverside Nursery School.[25]

Further Education[edit]

Ware is also home to the Ware Campus of the Hertford Regional College (HRC) [26] which in 2015 was extensively modernised with a substantial new building. The new £10.5million building houses the Creative & Enterprise Campus including 3D Design, Graphic Design, Fashion Design, Visual Merchandising, SetDesign, Photography, Art & Design, Fine Art, Animation & Multimedia and Creative & Digital Media.[27]

Youth Council[edit]

The town has an active Youth Council made up of 11 young people from the town's secondary schools.[28]


Sports and leisure[edit]

Sports Facilities in Ware [29]

Wodson Park Sports and Leisure Centre[edit]

Wodson Park Sports and Leisure Centre is located on the North side of Ware and is owned and operated by the Wodson Park Trust which is a community based charity providing sports and recreation facilities for the people of East Hertfordshire.[30] It has an extensive range of Sports and entertainment facilities in including indoor sports halls, restaurants, entertainment facilitates and an external athletics facility. It is also the home to the Ware Football Clubs.

The Ware Drill Hall[edit]

The Ware Drill Hall is a Grade II Listed Building in the centre of Ware which is home to many sporting clubs and community facilities and hosts many sporting, cultural and music events throughout the year. The facility is currently operated by The Ware Drill Hall Association (WDHA).[31]


There is evidence to suggest that cricket has been played in Ware since before 1770 [32] and the present Ware Cricket Club has its grounds at Bell Lane in Widford.[33]


The Ware Bowling Club was founded in 1926 and in located in grounds behind the Ware Priory . In 2008 we became Bowls England Club of the Year and it is also well known for its Topiary hedges in the grounds.[34]


Ware has two Non-League football teams. Ware FC was founded in 1892 and play their home games at Wodson Park sports centre in the north of the town.[35] The other Non-League team is Wodson Park F.C., founded in 1997, who also play their games at the sports centre but on a separate pitch.

American Flag Football[edit]

The Ware Wolves flag football team, most popular flag football team in Hertfordshire,[citation needed] takes its name from the town although it actually plays in Hertford.


The Chadwell Springs Golf centre is located in Ware and is currently undergoing a major refurbishment programme.[36]


Hertford Rugby Football Club was formed in 1932 as the Old Hertfordians by a group of enthusiasts from Hertford Grammar School. The club played at six different venues until moving to their present location at Hoe Lane in Ware in 1949.[37] It is also home to the The Old Hertfordians Squash Club which has two courts here.

Scouting and Guiding[edit]

Ware was one of the first places out of London to take up the Scouting movement and now has many Scouts and Guide clubs.[38][39]


Ware has two swimming pools one indoor and one outdoor:

Fanshawe Pool - The Fanshawe Pool and Gym is located in Park Road.[40]

Ware Priory Lido - The Ware Priory Lido was built in 1934 and is one of the few remaining still in regular use in the country.[41] It was substantially altered in the 1970s with new changing rooms and is situated in the grounds of Ware Priory.

Swimming Club - Following a meeting of "The Townsfolk of Ware" in May 1934, it was agreed that a "swimming club" be formed and this is still running today and is now based at Fanshawe Pool.[42]

Festivals and events[edit]

Ware Festival and Rock in the Priory[edit]

The Ware Festival Committee organises a wide range of events throughout July; from a lively Carnival Parade, through to an Over 60s Party, Raft Race, Teddy Bear’s Picnic culminating in the 'Rock in the Priory' a one-day open-air music festival. Visitors to Ware during July will find a packed programme of events throughout the four Festival weekends, with something for everyone.[43]

Ware Fireworks Display[edit]

For over 30 years there has been an annual fireworks display in Ware on the nearest Saturday to Guy Fawkes Night each year. The display was originally organised by the Round Table organisation however in recent years it has been taken over by the 3 Rotary Clubs in Ware namely - The Rotary Club of Hertford Shires, The Rotary Club of Ware and The Rotary Club of Amwell. The event is held in a field off High Oak road and attracts many thousands of attendees. All the profits from the event are donated to both local and international charities supported by Rotary. [44]

Dickensian Evening[edit]

Dickensian Evening is an annual event[45] that celebrates the work of Charles Dickens, in particular his festive novel - A Christmas Carol and takes place on the first Friday in December each year.

The event is run through the town centre and the Drill Hall is also used for pitches and stalls. Some of the festivities include carol singing, fairground amusements and a craft market, making it an enjoyable event for all ages.[46]


Edward Lear makes reference to Ware in More Nonsense Pictures, Rhymes, Botany, etc:[47]

"There was an old person of Ware,
Who rode on the back of a bear:
When they ask'd, - 'Does it trot?'--
He said 'Certainly not!
He's a Moppsikon Floppsikon bear!'"


Ware has a number of Churches.[48]


Notable residents[edit]

Nearby communities[edit]


  1. ^ Ware Online — Official Town Website
  2. ^ Ware and Hertford, From Birth to Middle Age, Robert Kiln and Clive Partridge, Castlemead Publications, Welwyn Garden City, 1994 ISBN 0-948555-37-8 (page 8)
  3. ^ Ware and Hertord, From Birth to Middle Age, Robert Kiln and Clive Partridge, Castlemead Publications, Welwyn Garden City, 1994 ISBN 0-948555-37-8 (pages 30 - 54)
  4. ^ Ware and Hertford, From Birth to Middle Age, Robert Kiln and Clive Partridge, Castlemead Publications, Welwyn Garden City, 1994 ISBN 0-948555-37-8 (page 44)
  5. ^ "Ware, Hertfordshire - The Story so Far". Ware Online. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  6. ^ Ware and Hertford, From Birth to Middle Age, Robert Kiln and Clive Partridge, Castlemead Publications, Welwyn Garden City, 1994 ISBN 0-948555-37-8 (page 137)
  7. ^ Thomson, Alan. "The Ware Mutiny 1647: Order restored or revolution defeated?". The Rockingham Press (1996)
  8. ^ "Armorial Bearings". Ware Town Council. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "Ware - The Story so Far - 3 of 3". Ware Online. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  10. ^ "On This Day: 1990: Children killed in devastating storm". London: BBC. 25 January 1990. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  11. ^ http://www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk/england/hertfordshire/ware#.VvgoH0fiOAo
  12. ^ Ware Priory
  13. ^ http://www.accd.edu/sac/English/bailey/jogilpin.htm.htm
  14. ^ Pevsner, Nikolaus; Hertfordshire (Buildings of England); ISBN 0-14-071007-8 ; pages 378 - 379
  15. ^ Ware Tourist Information
  16. ^ "Ware Museum". Ware Museum. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  17. ^ Ash, Russell (1973). Folklore, Myths and Legends of Britain. Reader's Digest Association Limited. p. 280. ISBN 9780340165973. 
  18. ^ Scotts Grotto site by Peter Watson
  19. ^ Nikolaus Pevesner, Hertfordshire (The Buildings of England), page 379
  20. ^ "The Malt Maker". Ware Online. Retrieved 22 April 2013. 
  21. ^ WareOnLine Primary Education
  22. ^ Christ Church CofE (VA) Primary School and Nursery
  23. ^ Playgroups, Pre-schools and Nursery schools in Ware
  24. ^ Orchard House Preschool
  25. ^ Riverside Nursery
  26. ^ Hertford Regional College Ware Campus
  27. ^ HRV New Creative & Enterprise Campus It has sold land to a developer for an inappropriately large number of flats and houses with inadequate parking, completely ignoring the wishes of its neighbours. Mature trees have been cut down, destroying a beautiful aspect of Scott's Road.
  28. ^ Ware Youth Council
  29. ^ Sports Facilities in Ware
  30. ^ Wodson Park Sports and Leisure Centre
  31. ^ The Ware Drill hall
  32. ^ History of Cricket in Ware
  33. ^ Ware Cricket Club
  34. ^ Topiary hedges
  35. ^ Ware FC website, retrieved 5 November 2010
  36. ^ Chadwell Springs Golf
  37. ^ The Hertford Rugby Club
  38. ^ Ware Scouts
  39. ^ Guiding in Hertfordshire
  40. ^ The Fanshawe-pool and Gym
  41. ^ Lidos in the UK
  42. ^ Ware Swimming Club
  43. ^ Ware Events
  44. ^ Ware Fireworks Display
  45. ^ Ware Dickensian Evening
  46. ^ "Ware Dickensian Evening returns with Christmas spirit". Hertfordshire Mercury. Retrieved 4 December 2015. 
  47. ^ Lear, Edward (1872). More Nonsense. Pictures, Rhymes, Botany, Etc. London: Robert J. Bush. 
  48. ^ Churcges in Ware
  49. ^ The Stuart Storey Athletics Track

External links[edit]