Waris Ali Shah

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Haji Hafiz Sayyed Waris Ali Shah
Sarkar Waris Pak Dargah,Dewa Shareef,Barabanki,Lucknow India.jpg
Dargah of Haji Waris Ali Shah in Dewa, Barabanki, India.
TitleHaji Sahaab
Other nameschilhood naam Mithan Miya, Sarkar Waris Pak, Haji Sahaab, Waris Baba, Haji Hafiz Sayyad Waris Ali Shah
Born1 Ramzan ul mubarak, 1232hijri/1817AD
Dewa sharif
Died5 April 1905AD/ 30 muharram,1323hijri
Resting placeDewa, Lucknow, India
EraEarly 19th century
DenominationIshq, (Sufi)
TariqaQadiriyya and Chishtiyya ( Razakiya)
Other nameschilhood naam Mithan Miya, Sarkar Waris Pak, Haji Sahaab, Waris Baba, Haji Hafiz Sayyad Waris Ali Shah

Haji Hafiz Sayyad Waris Ali Shah (1817-1905) was a Sufi saint from Dewa, Barabanki, India, and was the founder of the Warsi order of Sufism. He travelled widely in the west and admitted people to his spiritual order.[1] His shrine is situated at Dewa, India.[2][3]



His father's name was Sayyad Qurban Ali Shah whose tomb(mazar sharif) too is located in Dewa.[4]

Haji Hafiz Sayyad Waris Ali Shah at a very early age showed an extraordinary inclination for a religious life: even in his extreme boyhood, he was regarded as amazingly proficient in his knowledge and practice of religion.[5]

Social engagements[edit]

He went to Mecca for pilgrimage many times.[6] During his extensive travels in Europe, he visited the Sultan of Turkey[clarification needed] and Bismarck of Berlin.[1] He also travelled to England and had an audience with Queen Victoria.[6]

He was a friend of Abdul Bari.[7]


He died on 29th Muharram 1323 AH (5 April 1905 CE).[8]

Sufi order[edit]

Waris Ali Shah belonged to the Qadiriyya and Chishtiyya schools of Sufism.[9] He was initiated in the traditional Chishtiyya Sufi order, but he adopted more liberal view and permitted his followers to remain in their own religion.[1] When he was a small boy, Waris Ali attached himself to Haji Khadim Ali Shah, a sufi dervish of Golaganj, Lucknow, in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India, and remained with him until his death in 1832-33 when Waris Ali was 16 years old.[10]

His disciples[edit]

He had many prominent followers from several faiths.[11] His numerous disciples, which include both Muslims and Hindus.

  • Mushir Husain Kidwai, Gadia.
  • Hakeem Safdar Ali Warisi (Mahajan Title given by Haji Saheb) writer of Jalwaye Waris (Migrate from Gadia to Bahraich on Haji Saheb's order.His Grand Son Izhar Warsi is prominent poet of Urdu.)
  • Thakur Pancham Singh.
  • Hakeem Safdar Ali Warsi (Hakeem Mahajan Tilted by Haji Waris Ali Shah)
  • Zamindar Dt. Mainpuri.
  • Raja Udyat Narayan Sing (Suratgunj, Oudh).
  • Baboo Moti Misser (Bhagalpu).
  • Thakur Grur Mohan Singh, Zamindar (Bhagalpur).
  • Hazrat Baba Sufi Syed Diwana Shah Warsi (Jagatdal,West Bengal).
  • Sadaf Jabbar Fazihat.
  • Shah Abdul Ad Shah.
  • Maulana Mohammad Shah.
  • Mustaqim Shah.[12]
  • Faizu Shah
  • Rahim Shah
  • Hafiz Pyaari
  • Shakir Shah
  • Diwana shah (bhanje)
  • Bedam Shah
  • Avghat Shah
  • Maroof Shah
  • Noorkarim Shah
  • Siddiq Shah (Amethi Sultanpur U.P India
  • Sai Baba of Shirdi
  • Bangali Shah(Kolkata India)
  • Sandal Shah (Kolkata India)
  • Haji Waris Ali Shah was the Pir of Mushir Husain Kidwai of Gadia, a zamindar, barrister and pan-Islamist politician from Barabanki.[7]
  • Shaiq Khuda Bakhsh was a follower of Waris Ali Shah. He collected the sayings of his spiritual guide Malfūzāt-i-Hāji Wāris 'Ali Shāh.[2] His book, Tohmat-ul-Asfiya, is the biography of Waris Ali Shah.[13]


An urs, or death anniversary, locally known as Dewa mela is observed in October–November. It is attended by nearly a million Muslims and Hindus.[6][14][15][16] It is said that this fair was started by Haji Waris Ali Shah in memory of his father, Qurban Ali Shah. Another fair is held beside the tomb of Haji Waris Ali Shah on the first of the Muslim month of Safar every year.[17]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Hasan, Masoodul (2007). Sufism and English literature : Chaucer to the present age : echoes and images. New Delhi, India: Adam Publishers & Distributors. pp. 5, 183. ISBN 9788174355232.
  2. ^ a b Hadi, Nabi (1994). Dictionary of Indo-Persian literature. Janpath, New Delhi: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts. p. 554. ISBN 9788170173113.
  3. ^ Prasad, Rajendra (2010). India divided. New Delhi: Penguin Books. p. 44. ISBN 9780143414155.
  4. ^ All India Reporter, Volume 4, Part 5. D.V. Chitaley. 1917. pp. 81, 85, 87.
  5. ^ All India Reporter, Volume 4, Part 5. D.V. Chitaley. 1917. p. 81.
  6. ^ a b c Ehtisham, S. Akhtar (2008). A medical doctor examines life on three continents : a Pakistani view. New York: Algora Pub. p. 11. ISBN 9780875866345.
  7. ^ a b Qureshi, M. Naeem (1999). Pan-Islam in British Indian politics : a study of the Khilafat movement, 1918 - 1924. Leiden [u.a.]: Brill. pp. 92, 470, 539. ISBN 9789004113718.
  8. ^ Sharib, Zahurul Hassan (2006). The Sufi saints of the Indian subcontinent. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. p. 290.
  9. ^ Mountain Path, Volume 19. Sri Ramanasramam. 1982. pp. 20, 21.
  10. ^ S. D., Chaudhri (1917). Indian Cases: Containing Full Reports of Decisions of the Privy Council, the High Courts of Allahabad, Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Patna, the Chief Courts of Lower Burma and the Punjab, the Courts of the Judicial Commissioners of Central Provinces, Oudh, Sind and Upper Burma, Reported in ... 25 Legal Periodicals ... with a Large Number of Extra Rulings Not Reported Elsewhere, Volume 40. Great Britain Privy Council Judicial Committee, India Courts: The manager, at the "Law publishing press". p. 102.
  11. ^ Disciples of Waris Ali Shah
  12. ^ http://www.warispak.com/desciples.html
  13. ^ "Personalities: Literary". The Official Website of Barabanki. MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATION & INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY; GOVERNMENT OF INDIA; BARABANKI-225001. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
  14. ^ Kochhar, S. K. (1984). Teaching of history (2nd ed.). Sterling. p. 292. ISBN 9788120700253.
  15. ^ Kapoor, edited by Subodh (2002). The Indian encyclopaedia : biographical, historical, religious, administrative, ethnological, commercial and scientific (1st ed.). New Delhi: Cosmo Publications. p. 1925. ISBN 9788177552577.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  16. ^ Hasan, Mushirul (2004). From pluralism to separatism : qasbas in colonial Awadh (1st. publ. ed.). New Delhi [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press. p. 129. ISBN 9780195666083.
  17. ^ Varma, Uma. Uttar Pradesh State Gazetteer: Social services, culture, places of interest Gazetteer of India Volume 5 of Uttar Pradesh State Gazetteer, Uttar Pradesh (India). Dept. of District Gazetteers. Government of Uttar Pradesh, Department of District Gazetteers.

External links[edit]