Waris language

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RegionSandaun Province, Papua New Guinea; Papua province, Indonesia
Native speakers
(undated figure of 4,000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3wrs
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For a guide to IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Waris or Walsa is a Papuan language spoken by about 2,500 people around Wasengla, Amanab District, Sandaun Province, Papua New Guinea, as well as about 1,500 across the border in the Indonesian province of Papua.




Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid e
Mid ə
Open-mid ɛ ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a ɒ

Diphthongs and triphthongs[edit]

Vi Vu
ɛV ɛɔ ɛu
ɑV ɑi ɑɔ
ɒV ɒi
ɔV ɔi ɔɑ
uV ui

There are two triphthongs, /ɔɑi/ and /uɛu/.


Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Stop Voiceless p t k
Prenasalised ᵐb ⁿd ᵑɡ
Nasal m n
Fricative Voiceless s x
Voiced β
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Approximant w j


  1. ^ Waris at Ethnologue (13th ed., 1996).
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Waris". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  • Brown, Robert (1981). "Semantic aspects of some Waris predications". In Karl J. Franklin. Syntax and semantics in Papua New Guinea languages. Ukarumpa: Summer Institute of Linguistics. pp. 93–123.
  • Brown, Robert (1988). "Waris case system and verb classification". Language and Linguistics in Melanesia. 19: 37–80.
  • Brown, Robert; Honoratus Wai (1986). Diksenari: Walsana moa Pisinna moa Englisna moa (A short dictionary of the Walsa [Waris] language, Tok Pisin and English). Ukarumpa: Summer Institute of Linguistics.