Warkworth, Northamptonshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Warkworth
Warkworth Church - geograph.org.uk - 116273.jpg
St Mary the Virgin parish church
Warkworth is located in Northamptonshire
Warkworth
Warkworth
Location within Northamptonshire
Population31 (2001 Census)
OS grid referenceSP4840
• London74 miles (119 km)
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBanbury
Postcode districtOX17
Dialling code01295
PoliceNorthamptonshire
FireNorthamptonshire
AmbulanceEast Midlands
EU ParliamentEast Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Northamptonshire
52°03′35″N 1°17′22″W / 52.0597°N 1.2895°W / 52.0597; -1.2895Coordinates: 52°03′35″N 1°17′22″W / 52.0597°N 1.2895°W / 52.0597; -1.2895

Warkworth is a village and civil parish in South Northamptonshire, about 2 miles (3 km) east of Banbury in Oxfordshire and 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of junction 11 of the M40 motorway.

The land on which the village lies was granted to the Lyons family by William the Conqueror, shortly after the Norman Conquest, and belonged to the family until the 15th century. Their seat was Warkworth Castle.

The 2001 Census recorded the parish's population as 31.[1]

History[edit]

The Norman Lyons family were granted the lands of Warkworth by William the Conqueror, in 1080, and built Warkworth Castle for their seat. The Lyons family owned the Castle and the estates until the 15th century. Several members of the Lyons family are buried at the Church of St Mary at Warkworth, including two in spectacular effigies (see below).[2][3][4][5]

The Castle had semicircular towers and a large gatehouse. In 1629 it passed to the Holman family, who had it converted into a Jacobean mansion. It was demolished in 1805.[6]

An open field system of farming prevailed in Warkworth until the 18th century. Its land tenure was linked with that of Overthorpe, which at that time was part of Middleton Cheney parish. Parliament passed a single Inclosure Act for both Overthorpe and Warkworth in 1764.[7]

Church of St Mary[edit]

The Church of St Mary is 14th-century Decorated Gothic. The Church was partly rebuilt in 1840–41 and 1869, and on the latter occasion under the direction of Charles Driver. The three-bay north arcade, the arch and east window of the south transept, and the windows in the south aisle are 14th-century. The south arcade, north aisle windows, chancel and top of the west tower are 19th-century Gothic Revival.[6] The south aisle has a squint to the chancel.[8] The Church is Grade II* listed.[8]

Monuments to Lyons and Chetwode families[edit]

Inside the church are several monuments. Several members of the Lyons family are buried in the Church: in the North Aisle there is a tomb-chest with an effigy of enclosed Sir John de Lyons (1289 - 1348),[2][4][3] who was Lord of Warkworth in 1322, and an effigy of Sir John de Lyons (1320 – 1385).[4] The daughter, Elizabeth, of Sir John Lyons, (d.1385) who was Lord of Warkworth,[4] married Sir John Chetwode.[9] Despite the fact that she had cousins,[5][3] the Lyons estate passed to Sir John Chetwode when Elizabeth Lyons died without male siblings, and Chetwode adopted the older and more distinguished Lyons arms, in preference to his own arms, and the title 'Lord of Warkworth'.[10]

Therefore, the Chetwode family are buried and commemorated in the Church. There are five 15th-century monumental brasses: to Sir John Chetwode (died 1412), a second John Chetwode (died 1420), Margaret Brounyng (died 1420), Lady Chetwode (died 1430) and William Ludsthorp (died 1454). There is also an 18th-century monument to William Holman (died 1740).[6]

St Mary's parish is a member of the Chenderit Benefice, which includes the parishes of Chacombe, Greatworth, Marston St. Lawrence, Middleton Cheney and Thenford.[11]

Amenities[edit]

The Jurassic Way long distance footpath passes through Warkworth village.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Headcounts. Area selected: South Northamptonshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  2. ^ a b Pevsner, Nikolaus. The Buildings of England: Northamptonshire (2nd edition, revised by Cherry, Bridget. Yale University Press. p. 444.
  3. ^ a b c Hewitt, Michael (2014). A Most Remarkable Family: A History of the Lyon Family from 1066 to 2014. AuthorHouse.
  4. ^ a b c d Rutherford-Edge, Shana. "The Ancient and Noble Seat: The History of the Villages of Overthorpe and Warkworth in Northamptonshire" (PDF). p. 11-23.
  5. ^ a b Miller, Robert (ed.) (1907). The Lyon Memorial: New York Families Descended from the Immigrant, Thomas Lyon of Rye. Press William Graham Printing Co.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  6. ^ a b c Pevsner & Cherry 1973, p. 444.
  7. ^ RCHME 1982, pp. 101–102.
  8. ^ a b Historic England. "Church of St Mary  (Grade II*) (1226297)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 9 February 2015.
  9. ^ Kimberley, E.; Johnson, R. (1771). The Baronetage of England, Vol. 2. G. Woodhall. p. 536.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  10. ^ "History of Parliament Online: Sir John Chetwode".
  11. ^ Archbishops' Council (2015). "Benefice of Chenderit". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 10 February 2015.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]