Warley Hospital

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Warley Hospital
South Essex Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust
Warley Mental Hospital, Warley, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 54575.jpg
Warley Hospital
Warley Hospital is located in Essex
Warley Hospital
Shown in Essex
LocationBrentwood, Essex, England
Coordinates51°36′26″N 0°17′35″E / 51.6073°N 0.2930°E / 51.6073; 0.2930Coordinates: 51°36′26″N 0°17′35″E / 51.6073°N 0.2930°E / 51.6073; 0.2930
Care systemNHS
Hospital typeSpecialist
Emergency departmentNo
ListsHospitals in England

Warley Hospital was a hospital for the mentally ill located in Brentwood, Essex, England. The site has since been redeveloped as private residences.


A site was identified within the Brentwood Hall Estate for the construction of an asylum.[1] The asylum was designed by Kendall & Pope in the High Victorian Gothic style to a corridor plan layout.[1] The foundation stone was laid on in October 1851 and the hospital was officially opened as the Essex County Lunatic Asylum in September 1853.[2] Extensions included three country style homes in 1863, a new block for female patients in 1870 and another large block for male patients in 1888.[1] A new chapel was added in 1889 and a new nurses' block in 1900.[3]

The facility became the Brentwood Mental Hospital in 1920.[4] Brentwood Hall, which had been declared unsafe, was rebuilt and reassigned as an occupational therapy department.[3] Following these further enlargements, the hospital had 2,000 beds by 1937.[5] Several minor buildings were damaged in bombing by the German Luftwaffe in 1940 during the Second World War.[3] The facility joined the National Health Service in 1948 and became Warley Hospital in 1953.[4]

After the introduction of Care in the Community in the early 1980s, the hospital went into a period of decline and eventually closed in 2002.[1] A medium secure unit known as Mascalls Park Hospital remained on the site until 2011.[3] The site has since been developed for residential use by Bellway as Mascalls Park.[6] Meanwhile the asylum buildings have been converted to luxery flats by City and Country as The Galleries.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d "Warley Hospital". County Asylums. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Brentwood, Essex, UK". BBC. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Warley Hospital". Lost Hospitals of London. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Warley Hospital, Brentwood". National Arcives. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  5. ^ W. R. Powell (editor), Beryl A. Board, Nancy Briggs, J. L. Fisher, Vanessa A. Harding, Joan Hasler, Norma Knight, Margaret Parsons, (1983). "Parishes: Brentwood". A History of the County of Essex: Volume 8. Institute of Historical Research.
  6. ^ "Brentwood: Homes on former hospital site given the green light". Romford Recorder. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Properties in the Galleries". Retrieved 4 November 2018.

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