Warley Hospital

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Warley Hospital
South Essex Partnership University NHS Foundation Trust
Warley Mental Hospital, Warley, Essex - geograph.org.uk - 54575.jpg
Warley Hospital
Warley Hospital is located in Essex
Warley Hospital
Shown in Essex
LocationBrentwood, Essex, England
Coordinates51°36′26″N 0°17′35″E / 51.6073°N 0.2930°E / 51.6073; 0.2930Coordinates: 51°36′26″N 0°17′35″E / 51.6073°N 0.2930°E / 51.6073; 0.2930
Care systemNHS
Hospital typeSpecialist
Emergency departmentNo
ListsHospitals in England

Warley Hospital was a hospital for the mentally ill located in Brentwood, Essex, England. The site has since been redeveloped as private residences.


A site was identified within the Brentwood Hall Estate for the construction of an asylum.[1] The asylum was designed by Kendall & Pope in the High Victorian Gothic style to a corridor plan layout.[1] The foundation stone was laid on in October 1851 and the hospital was officially opened as the Essex County Lunatic Asylum in September 1853.[2] Extensions included three country style homes in 1863, a new block for female patients in 1870 and another large block for male patients in 1888.[1] A new chapel was added in 1889 and a new nurses' block in 1900.[3]

The facility became the Brentwood Mental Hospital in 1920.[4] Brentwood Hall, which had been declared unsafe, was rebuilt and reassigned as an occupational therapy department.[3] Following these further enlargements, the hospital had 2,000 beds by 1937.[5] Several minor buildings were damaged in bombing by the German Luftwaffe in 1940 during the Second World War.[3] The facility joined the National Health Service in 1948 and became Warley Hospital in 1953.[4]

After the introduction of Care in the Community in the early 1980s, the hospital went into a period of decline and eventually closed in 2002.[1] A medium secure unit known as Mascalls Park Hospital remained on the site until 2011.[3] This site has since been developed for residential use by Bellway as Mascalls Park.[6] Meanwhile the asylum buildings have been converted to luxury flats by City and Country as The Galleries, and the surrounding grounds of the original hospital building were developed for residential use known as Clements Park.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d "Warley Hospital". County Asylums. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Brentwood, Essex, UK". BBC. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d "Warley Hospital". Lost Hospitals of London. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Warley Hospital, Brentwood". National Arcives. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  5. ^ W. R. Powell (editor), Beryl A. Board, Nancy Briggs, J. L. Fisher, Vanessa A. Harding, Joan Hasler, Norma Knight, Margaret Parsons, (1983). "Parishes: Brentwood". A History of the County of Essex: Volume 8. Institute of Historical Research.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link) CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  6. ^ "Brentwood: Homes on former hospital site given the green light". Romford Recorder. 25 May 2012. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Properties in the Galleries". Retrieved 4 November 2018.

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