Coordinates: 51°18′34″N 0°03′26″W / 51.30949°N 0.05736°W / 51.30949; -0.05736
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Green and The War Memorial
Warlingham is located in Surrey
Location within Surrey
Area6.02 km2 (2.32 sq mi)
Population8,036 (Civil Parish 2011)[1]
• Density1,335/km2 (3,460/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ355585
Civil parish
  • Warlingham
Shire county
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWarlingham
Postcode districtCR6
Dialling code01883
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
51°18′34″N 0°03′26″W / 51.30949°N 0.05736°W / 51.30949; -0.05736

Warlingham is a village and civil parish in the Tandridge district of Surrey, England, 14 miles (23 km) south of London and 22 miles (35 km) east of Guildford. Warlingham is the centre of a civil parish that includes Hamsey Green to the north. Caterham is 2 miles (3.2 km) to the southwest.


The name "Warlingham" is first recorded as Warlyngham in 1144 and first appears with the modern spelling in 1198. Other medieval variants include Warlinggeham (c. 1200), Werlingham (1263) and Worlingham (1291). The name is generally agreed have its origins in Old English and to mean "the home(stead) (‑ham) of the followers (‑(l)ing) of Wærla".[2]


Early history, Dark Ages and Middle Ages[edit]

A dull bronze-coloured coin with a stylised picture of a horse
A gold, Iron Age quarter stater coin, found in Warlingham in 2003 and dated to c. 50 – c. 1 BCE[3]

Flint implements are not uncommon, and reputed eoliths have been found in the pebble beds near the village centre. In 1909 several cinerary urns of late Celtic date were found near the road towards Worms Heath; one of them contained bones. In several places are depressions which may have been pit houses. Two of these are in the grounds of Bryn Cottage.[4]

The village lay within the Anglo-Saxon administrative division of Tandridge hundred.[5]

Its rectorial estate, glebe and rectory was from early times acquired by the manor, which was held by a priory, that of Bermondsey; held with the manor until a 1675 gift to trustees by Harmon Atwood.[4]


dull, silver coin with a king's head in the centre wearing a crown
dull, silver coin with a cross in the centre
The front (left) and back faces of a silver penny of Edward I, found in Warlingham in 2003 and minted c. 1272 – c. 1307.[6]

Three manors owned virtually all of the land: Warlingham, Crewes/Carewes and Westhall.[4]

Warlingham Manor

Warlingham Manor was assigned by William de Watevile in 1144 to Bermondsey Priory, which held it until the dissolution of the monasteries, subject to certain retained rights to the de Watevile, later de Godstone family. In the 13th century a lawsuit with the Abbey of Hyde over the boundary of their Sanderstead manor took place. Immediately after the ecclesiastic Reformation in 1544, Sir John Gresham, who made large loans to the state, was, subject to a few years' more rent from its senior tenants being retained by the Crown, granted the whole estate.[n 1] In 1591 his grandson sold it to John Ownstead, though this was not done until Elizabeth I received her fine for her licence on conveyance (equivalent to a stamp duty on landed estates; legally imposed as overlord) for transferring the property. Later this manor descended to Rev. Atwood Wigsell of Sanderstead Court in the 18th century and remained in that family until at least 1911.[4]

Crewes Manor

In 1353 permission was given to Sir Richard Willoughby and his wife to grant to William and Nicholas Carew the manor of Beddington at a yearly rent of 20 marks, retaining to themselves the manor of Warlingham, a part that was later known as Carew's and, later still, as Crewe's manor. A royal grant of free warren followed in 1375 to the lord of this manor. Later medieval owners included the Huscarl, Delamere and Saunders families leading up to the Dissolution/Reformation. Sir Edmund Walsingham's son was left the manor by his sister who married the then owner, Sir Thomas Walsingham, from whom it passed to his second son who sold it. Its purchaser was Edward Weston, who was followed as owner by Garrett Weston, and his son-in-law, Michael Wilkins, who sold Crewes in 1644. Only two years later Humphrey Gould sold it to Richard Rochdale, citizen and brewer of London. His heirs sold it to John Pemberton, who later sold the manor to John Heathfield the elder, a brewer of Croydon, in whose family it remained until 1804 when it was purchased by William Coles of Addington; however, by 1808 Charles Pieschall was lord of the manor and after this the Smith family of Selsdon held it until at least 1911.[4]

Westhall Manor

William Rede exchanged his Oatlands Palace for Tandridge Priory including this manor with King Henry VIII. However, he died before the grant was completed, leaving as heir his infant son John Rede to whom the king on 2 January 1538 granted the priory of Tandridge, including the manor of Warlingham or Westhall. Sir Robert Clayton of Marden, Godstone and of Bletchingley held this from 1674 to 1707. His nephew, Sir William Clayton, inherited his estates and, after this, the manor continued to be held by the Claytons with the manor of Bletchingley, until the estate was subdivided.[4]

History of the church[edit]

All Saints' Church
Mosaic window, St Christopher's Church, the Second Anglican Church in Warlingham

All Saints' Church's present building dates back to around the year 1250.[n 2] The church is built of flint rubble with stone dressings, partly rendered. Notable features include a 16th-century (Tudor period) wall painting of St Christopher carrying Jesus Christ.[7] Local vicars have maintained a preaching that long-serving Archbishop Cranmer began experimenting with the first Book of Common Prayer at this church.[8] A south window contains stained glass depicting the presentation of the first English Prayer Book to King Edward VI by Archbishop Cranmer.[7] In the 14th century the east window was installed, and it has now been renewed in the same pattern by artist J. O. Scott. All Saints' has a nave including a baptistry to the west, south porch and aisle with chancel to east, and vestry addition to the north; on the north side are lancet windows, with one two-light perpendicular window in the north and south walls. Its gabled wooden porch has cusped bargeboards; the original stone door surround of the south door was rebuilt from pieces in a later restoration.[7]

In 1907 a second church was constructed in front of Memorial Park and at the foot of the road to Chelsham, dedicated to St Christopher.[9]

Post Industrial Revolution[edit]

In 1841 Warlingham had 512 inhabitants;[10] a notable resident of the Victorian period was Sir Joseph Swan, inventor of the incandescent light bulb. Sir George Gilbert Scott led the project to renovate and restore All Saints' Church in 1857. Its south aisle was added in 1893. All Saints' plain-tiled roof with tile-hung bellchamber above, under a gilt and iron weathervane, was also added in 1893.[7]

Five Coal-tax posts are listed for historic importance in Warlingham parish and there are six architecturally listed buildings: Court Cottage, The Vicarage, 23-31 Leas Road, the Church of All Saints, The White Lion (public house) and The Barn, sited by the vicarage. Also the World War I War Memorial has made the national heritage list. Both the vicarage and the church are listed at the higher grade of Grade II* whereas the rest are at Grade II.[11]

Warlingham gave its name to the large psychiatric hospital that was opened on the borders of Warlingham and Chelsham in 1903. Originally called the "Croydon Mental Hospital" the institution was renamed "Warlingham Park Hospital" in the 1930s.[12] The buildings, apart from the water tower, were demolished and the site redeveloped as a private housing estate called "Greatpark" in the early years of the 21st century.

During the Second World War, Warlingham was witness to the Battle of Britain, much of which was fought in the skies above this part of Surrey. The former RAF bases of Biggin Hill and Kenley were within a few miles of Warlingham in either direction, and from there fighters would intercept German bombers navigating their way up to London along the valley between Warlingham and Woldingham (then known as 'Bombers' Alley'). Warlingham War Memorial is the most prominent feature breaking up a lightly wooded, shop-surrounded green in the village. It is a simple yet poignant monument dedicated to the great many local people who made sacrifices during the two world wars in the 20th Century.

Lead singer of The Clash, Joe Strummer moved to Warlingham after his diplomat father and family returned to the UK.[13]

Reggae singer and instrumentalist Smiley Culture lived in Warlingham. His death, as a result of a self-inflicted stabbing, occurred at his home in 2011 during a police arrest.[14]


Map showing the position of Warlingham in Tandridge

Warlingham is situated on the scarp slope of the North Downs and parts of the village are 650 feet (200 metres) above sea level. This means that on the rare occasion it does snow in southern England, Warlingham will often get a light covering while neighbouring low-lying areas remain untouched. Warlingham's height also allows for some panoramic views over central London (on the stretch of the Limpsfield road between Warlingham village and Botley Hill Farm). On a clear day all the major skyscrapers (including Canary Wharf, the Gherkin and the NatWest tower) can be seen, and the hills north of London can be made out on the horizon.[15]

Warlingham is in the Green Belt. Surrounding the town are the slopes of the North Downs, with rolling chalk meadow hillsides interspersed with woodlands. Parts of the adjacent Woldingham valley to the south have been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest.

Blanchman's Farm Nature Reserve was set up in 1991 and was the first community wildlife area in Tandridge. It covers 10 hectares (25 acres) and includes a restored pond, around 10,000 native trees, and a path for wheelchair access.[16][17]


Elevations vary from 110m AOD at Woldingham Road, at the southernmost point of the parish, with a gentle increase in height through the village along the main road heading to the southeast, to the highest elevation (199.6m) at Limpsfield Road.[18][19]


Today, most of Warlingham's working-age population works in Croydon or central London, making Warlingham part of the London commuter belt.[1]

Local government[edit]

Civil Parishes in Tandridge District

Surrey County Council, headquartered in Kingston, elects one councillor for the Warlingham division every four years. Conservative Becky Rush was elected in a by-election in 2019.

Election Member[20]


2019 Becky Rush Warlingham

Warlingham has five representatives across two wards on Tandridge District Council, headquartered in Oxted:

Election Member[21]


2002 Simon Morrow Warlingham East, Chelsham & Farleigh
2012 Jeremy Pursehouse Warlingham East, Chelsham & Farleigh
2019 Celia Caulcott Warlingham East, Chelsham & Farleigh
2021 Keith Prew Warlingham West
2018 Robin Bloore Warlingham West

Warlingham has a civil parish council comprising two wards. Warlingham East ward elects six councillors, with Warlingham West ward electing five every four years.[22] The parish council clerk is Gina Caunt.


Warlingham is centred on a triangular, tree-lined village green that contains a war memorial. Shops nearby include supermarkets, a pharmacy, a hardware store, a newsagent, two hair salons, two local firms of estate agents and a local solicitors. Also situated on the green are a village hall, a few small rustic cottages, a gift shop, and several dress shops and restaurants. To the south of The Green is School Common, an open recreational area with a notable wildlife pond known as Willeypit or Willey's Pit pond, and some Alms Houses.

A short walk from the green is the community library, which is open most days of the week, and also provides laminating, photocopying, printing and scanning services.[23][24]

The White Lion, Warlingham in May 2019

Warlingham formerly had a total of four pubs of varying character and locations (including the old coaching Inn, the 'White Lion'). This unusual concentration of pubs in Warlingham was due to the neighbouring villages of Sanderstead, Woldingham and Farleigh not having any pubs of their own.[25] In recent years the Leather Bottle has been converted to a Spanish restaurant and Tapas bar and as of 2022 has changed again to a Turkish restaurant and takeaway. The Hare & Hounds has become a spaghetti restaurant, leaving the afore-mentioned White Lion and The Horseshoe.

Warlingham has a large Sainsbury's supermarket, built on the site of the former London Transport bus garage known as Chelsham (garage code: CM).

Local schools[edit]

  • Warlingham School is closer to Hamsey Green than Warlingham (and is on the same campus as Hamsey Green Junior and Infant schools) and is a senior state school, with a multi-course Sixth Form.
  • Warlingham Park School is a small private school which is very close to Chelsham Common (and is near the Great Park housing estate).
  • Warlingham Village Primary School is on Farleigh Road – which historically was "Farleigh School".
  • Private schools include Caterham, Woldingham School for Girls, Croydon High, Whitgift and Trinity.

Local transport[edit]

Warlingham is served by two railway stations on adjacent but separate lines (a legacy of the Victorian railway boom, and the competition between two private companies to service this part of Surrey).

Upper Warlingham railway station is about a mile from Warlingham and has fast Southern services to London Victoria and London Bridge as well as East Grinstead and Uckfield. The "Upper" prefix occurs because of a former station on the Caterham line which was named Warlingham until 11 June 1956 despite being even further away from the village. This station was renamed Whyteleafe South from that date.

Just a few minutes' walk from Upper Warlingham is Whyteleafe railway station, which has slightly slower trains to London and Caterham departing every quarter of an hour.

The village is served by London Buses route 403 and the Southdown PSV routes 357, 409 and 411. These buses provide connections to Croydon, Selsdon, Caterham, Redhill, Reigate, Godstone, Lingfield and East Grinstead.[26]


Warlingham has a Non-League football club Warlingham F.C. Warlingham Sports Club dates back to 1856 and incorporates Warlingham Squash and Racketball Club, Warlingham Cricket Club, and Warlingham Tennis Club, all of which are very active.[27]

Warlingham is also home to Warlingham Rugby Football Club,[28] which was founded in 1922.

Demography and housing[edit]

2011 Census Homes
Output area Detached Semi-detached Terraced Flats and apartments Caravans/temporary/mobile homes shared between households[1]
(Civil Parish) 1,154 1,182 283 708 38 0

The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.

2011 Census Key Statistics
Output area Population Households % Owned outright % Owned with a loan hectares[1]
(Civil Parish) 8,036 3,365 43.6% 38.5% 602

The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Richard Wooden of Warlingham and John Cater of London, vintner shared a 21-year lease running from 14 April 1541.
  2. ^ Malden, see above, says the building is of about 1240. Its listed building entry reads "Church. 1250, restored in 1857 by G. Scott and in 1887 by P.M. Johnston; south aisle and bellchamber added in 1893...." see below
  1. ^ a b c d UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Warlingham parish (E04009602)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics.
  2. ^ Gover, J.E.B.; Mawer, A.; Stenton, F.M. (1969). The place-names of Surrey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 339.
  3. ^ Williams, David (24 February 2011) [1 March 2004]. "Finds record for: SUR-3648E3". The Portable Antiquities Scheme. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  4. ^ a b c d e f H.E. Malden, ed. (1912). "Parishes: Warlingham". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 4. Institute of Historical Research. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Hundreds of Surrey". Archived from the original on 6 October 2007. Retrieved 2 September 2007.
  6. ^ Williams, David (24 February 2011) [1 March 2004]. "Coin". Portable Antiquities Scheme. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  7. ^ a b c d All Saints Church, Grade II* Listing Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188033)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  8. ^ "All Saints' Church". Archived from the original on 27 March 2007. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
  9. ^ "Church of England website – St Christopher's Anglican Church". Archived from the original on 2 November 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  10. ^ Samuel Lewis (1848). "Ware – Warlingham". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Archived from the original on 13 May 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  11. ^ "National Heritage List – search by civil parish name". Archived from the original on 17 October 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  12. ^ "Index of English and Welsh Lunatic Asylums and Mental Hospitals – search in the right hand margin for Croydon". Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 3 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Joe Strummer - Telegraph". Archived from the original on 20 July 2017. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  14. ^ "BBC News". Archived from the original on 9 July 2019. Retrieved 22 June 2018.
  15. ^ "Warlingham Civil Parish – a description of the village". Archived from the original on 2 December 2004. Retrieved 4 December 2004.
  16. ^ "Blanchman's Farm". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 22 November 2018.
  17. ^ "Who we are". Blanchman's Farm Nature Reserve. Retrieved 13 September 2023.
  18. ^ "Grid reference Finder measurement tools". Archived from the original on 12 September 2017. Retrieved 23 January 2021.
  19. ^ "OS Get A Map service". Archived from the original on 23 January 2021. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
  20. ^ "Surrey's County Councillors". Surrey County Council. Archived from the original on 11 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Councillors". Tandridge.gov.uk. Tandridge District Council. Archived from the original on 11 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Your Councillors". Warlingham Parish Council. Archived from the original on 11 May 2018. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  23. ^ Surrey County Council, Woodhatch Place. "Warlingham Community Library". www.surreycc.gov.uk. Retrieved 29 June 2023.
  24. ^ "Warlingham Community Library". www.facebook.com. Retrieved 29 June 2023.
  25. ^ "Pubs near Woldingham train station# beerintheevening.com". Archived from the original on 30 June 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
  26. ^ "Caterham bus services map" (PDF). Surrey County Council. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  27. ^ "Warlingham Sports Club". Archived from the original on 3 September 2007. Retrieved 6 July 2007.
  28. ^ "WRFC History". Archived from the original on 11 December 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2009.

External links[edit]