A warlock is a male practitioner of magic (compare wizard, sorcerer). The most commonly accepted etymology derives warlock from the Old English wǣrloga meaning "oathbreaker" or "deceiver". In early modern Scots, the word came to be used as the male equivalent of witch (which can be male or female, but is used predominantly for females). From this use, the word passed into Romantic literature and ultimately 20th-century popular culture. A derivation from the Old Norse varð-lokkur, "caller of spirits", has also been suggested, but the OED considers this implausible due to the extreme rarity of the Norse word and because forms without hard -k, which are consistent with the Old English etymology (“traitor”), are attested earlier than forms with a -k.
- Magician (fantasy)
- Magician (paranormal)
- Warlock (Dungeons & Dragons)
- Warlock of Chiloé
- Witcher (mythology)
- "Definition of warlock". English Oxford Living Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- "Warlock". Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.). Oxford University Press. 1989. (Registration required (help)).
- McNeill, F. Marian (1957). The Silver Bough: A Four Volume Study of the National and Local Festivals of Scotland. 1. Glasgow: William Maclellan.
- Chambers, Robert (1861). Domestic Annals of Scotland. Edinburgh.
- Sinclair, George (1871). Satan's Invisible World Discovered. Edinburgh.
- Cleasby, R.; Vigfusson, G. (1874). An Icelandic-English Dictionary. London: Macmillan.
- Olsen, M. (1916). Maal Og Minne. Oslo: Bymalslaget.
- Loewe, M.; Blacker, C. (1981). Oracles and Divination. London: George Allen & Unwin. p. 130.
'Vardlokkur'...is related to the Scots dialect word 'warlock', wizard, and the meaning is thought to relate to the power to shut in or enclose"
- Oxford English Dictionary, (online) 2nd Edition (1989): "ON. varðlokkur wk. fem. pl. ... incantation, suggested already in Johnson, is too rare (? occurring once), with regard to the late appearance of the -k forms, to be considered."
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