Warren, Ohio

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Warren, Ohio
Warren Commercial Historic District
Warren Commercial Historic District
Motto: 
"Historic Capital of the Western Reserve"
Location of Warren in Trumbull County within the state of Ohio
Location of Warren in Trumbull County within the state of Ohio
Coordinates: 41°14′18″N 80°48′52″W / 41.23833°N 80.81444°W / 41.23833; -80.81444Coordinates: 41°14′18″N 80°48′52″W / 41.23833°N 80.81444°W / 41.23833; -80.81444
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyTrumbull
Founded1798
Government
 • MayorWilliam D. Franklin
 • Safety Services DirectorEddie Colbert
Area
 • City16.12 sq mi (41.75 km2)
 • Land15.96 sq mi (41.33 km2)
 • Water0.16 sq mi (0.42 km2)
Elevation
892 ft (272 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • City39,201
 • Density2,456.82/sq mi (948.57/km2)
 • Metro
541,243
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
44481-44488
Area code(s)330, 234
FIPS code39-80892
GNIS feature ID1084083[2]
Websitehttps://www.warren.org/

Warren is a city in and the county seat of Trumbull County, Ohio, United States.[3] Located in northeastern Ohio, Warren lies approximately 14 miles (23 km) northwest of Youngstown and 56 miles (90 km) southeast of Cleveland. The population was 39,201 at the 2020 census.[4][5] The historical county seat of the Connecticut Western Reserve, it is the third largest municipality in the Youngstown–Warren metropolitan area after Youngstown and Boardman, and anchors the northern part of that area.

History[edit]

Trumbull County Courthouse

Ephraim Quinby founded Warren in 1798, on 441 acres (1.78 km2) of land that he purchased from the Connecticut Land Company, as part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. Quinby named the town for the town's surveyor, Moses Warren. The town was the county seat of the Western Reserve, then became the Trumbull County seat in 1801.[6] In 1833, Warren contained county buildings, two printing offices, a bank, five mercantile stores, and about 600 inhabitants.[7]

Warren had a population of nearly 1,600 people in 1846. In that same year, the town had five churches, twenty stores, three newspaper offices, one bank, one wool factory and two flourmills.[citation needed] In June 1846, a fire destroyed several buildings on one side of the town square, but residents soon replaced them with new stores and other businesses.[citation needed] Warren became an important center of trade for farmers living in the surrounding countryside during this period. Songwriter Stephen Foster, his wife Jane McDowell, and their daughter Marion lived briefly in Warren.[citation needed]

A bird's eye view of Warren in 1870

During the latter decades of the nineteenth century and throughout the twentieth century, Warren remained an important trading and manufacturing center. By 1888, four railroads connected the community with other parts of Ohio. In that same year, there were five newspaper offices, seven churches, three banks and numerous manufacturing firms in Warren. The businesses manufactured a wide variety of products including linseed oil, furniture, barrel staves, wool fabric, blinds, incandescent bulbs, automobiles and carriages; however, the leading companies were the Packard Electric Company and Packard Motor Car Company, both founded in the 1890s in Warren by brothers James Ward Packard and William Doud Packard.[8] Warren was the first town in the U.S. to have an electric street illumination, provided by Packard Electric.[8] Warren's population was 5,973 people in 1890. Construction began on the Trumbull County Courthouse in downtown Warren on Thanksgiving Day, 1895.[9]

Warren continued to grow in the twentieth century. During the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, steel production was a major industry in the county because of large deposits of coal and iron ore in surrounding counties. In recent years, many Warren residents have worked in local service and retail sales businesses. In 2000, Warren was Trumbull County's most populated community, with 46,832 residents. Many examples of late 19th and early 20th century architectural styles still stand in downtown Warren, including the Trumbull County Courthouse, which contains one of the largest courtrooms in the state of Ohio, and the Trumbull County Carnegie Law Library; in addition to office buildings, banks, stores, and homes surrounding the Courthouse Square area.[10]

John Ashbery mentions Warren in his poem 'Pyrography', first published in an exhibition catalogue in 1976 and included in his 1977 collection Houseboat Days.[11] In a later interview, Ashbery said he had never visited the town.[12]

Geography[edit]

Every Woman Memorial, Women's Park

Warren is located at 41°14′18″N 80°48′52″W / 41.23833°N 80.81444°W / 41.23833; -80.81444 (41.238206, −80.814554).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.16 square miles (41.85 km2), of which 16.13 square miles (41.78 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820435
183050115.2%
18401,066112.8%
18602,402
18703,45743.9%
18804,42828.1%
18905,97334.9%
19008,52942.8%
191011,08129.9%
192027,050144.1%
193041,06251.8%
194042,8374.3%
195049,85616.4%
196059,64819.6%
197063,4946.4%
198056,629−10.8%
199050,793−10.3%
200046,832−7.8%
201041,558−11.3%
202039,201−5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[15]

As of 2015, 95.5% of the population spoke English, 1.6% Greek, 1.1% Spanish, and 0.9% Italian in their homes.[16][dead link]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 41,557 people, 17,003 households, and 10,013 families living in the city. The population density was 2,576.4 inhabitants per square mile (994.8/km2). There were 20,384 housing units at an average density of 1,263.7 per square mile (487.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.7% White, 27.7% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.9% of the population.

Of the 17,003 households 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 31.8% were married couples living together, 21.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.1% were non-families. 35.6% of households were one person and 13.8% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.97.

The median age was 38.3 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.9% were from 45 to 64; and 16% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.1% male and 51.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census, there were 46,832 people, 19,288 households and 12,035 families living in the city. The population density was 2,912.4 people per square mile (1,124.5/km2). There were 21,279 housing units at an average density of 1,322.9 per square mile (510.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 60.94% White, 36.20% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races and 1.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population.

Of the 19,288 households 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.4% were married couples living together, 19.4% had a female householder with no husband present and 37.6% were non-families. 32.9% of households were one person and 13.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.01.

The age distribution was 26.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64 and 16.8% 65 or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.9 males.

The median household income was $30,147 and the median family income was $36,158. Males had a median income of $32,317 versus $23,790 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,808. About 16.2% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Major employers in Warren include Trumbull Memorial Hospital, St. Joseph Warren Hospital, the Tribune Chronicle, Seven Seventeen Credit Union, Hillside Rehabilitation Hospital, and Thomas Steel Strip.[17] Top Shelf Coffee is headquartered in Warren.[18]

Recreation[edit]

The Trumbull Country Club hosted the Youngstown Kitchens Trumbull Open on the tour in 1960.[19][dead link] From 1993 to 2000, Avalon Lakes Golf Club hosted the Giant Eagle LPGA Classic golf tournament on the LPGA Tour.[20]

Government[edit]

Warren City Hall

Warren operates under a Mayor-council government system. William "Doug" Franklin has been the mayor of Warren since November 2011.[21] His current term expires on January 1, 2024. Opponents of the Mayor-Council system have pushed the idea of a Charter government, arguing that this would allow the citizens of Warren to have a bigger say in the governance of the city. Opponents say that this would decrease productivity within the city government.[citation needed]

2020 U.S. Presidential election results for Warren's precincts

City Administration[22]

Position Name
Mayor William D. Franklin
Council President John Brown (D)[22]
Council At-large Kenneth MacPherson (D)[22]
Council At-large Helen Rucker (D)[22]
Council At-large Gary G. Steinbeck (D)[22]
Council Ward 1 Todd Johnson (I)[22]
Council Ward 2 Andy Herman (D)[22]
Council Ward 3 Greg Greathouse (D)[22]
Council Ward 4 Mark Forte (D)[22]
Council Ward 5 Ashley Miner (D)[22]
Council Ward 6 Cheryl Saffold (D)[22]
Council Ward 7 Ronald White Sr. (D)[22]

Education[edit]

The Trumbull County Law Library is listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Children in Warren are served by the Warren City School District. The current schools serving Warren include four PreK-8 Schools: Jefferson PK-8 School, Lincoln PK-8 School, McGuffey PK-8 School, and Willard PK-8 School. Grades 9 through 12 attend Warren G. Harding High School. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Youngstown also operates the private John F. Kennedy Catholic School, with a Lower Campus for grades kindergarten through 5 and an Upper Campus for grades 6 through 12.[23]

Media[edit]

Warren is home to the Tribune Chronicle, a daily local newspaper serving Warren and its vicinity in Trumbull County. It traces its history to the Trump of Fame in 1812, the first newspaper in what had been the Connecticut Western Reserve.[24] In 2008, USA Today reported daily circulation of 35,471 for the Tribune Chronicle.[25]

Warren is part of the Youngstown media market, and is served by Youngstown-based television and radio stations. AM stations WHKZ and WHTX are based in Warren.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  5. ^ "Warren city, Ohio". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2022.
  6. ^ About Warren: "Early History" Archived February 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, City of Warren, Ohio
  7. ^ Kilbourn, John (1833). The Ohio Gazetteer, or, a Topographical Dictionary. Scott and Wright. pp. 468. Retrieved December 12, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c Kimes, Beverly Rae, ed. (1978). "Packard, a history of the motor car and the company". Automobile Quarterly (General ed.). ISBN 0-915038-11-0.
  9. ^ "Trumbull County Courthouse". Trumbull County, Ohio. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  10. ^ "Trumbull County Carnegie Law Library". Trumbull County, Ohio. Archived from the original on July 20, 2011. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  11. ^ Ashbery, John. Houseboat days: poems. Williamson, Mel; Copland, Aaron. New York. p. 8. ISBN 0-670-38035-0. OCLC 3072462.
  12. ^ Ashbery, John (2003). John Ashbery in conversation with Mark Ford. Ford, Mark, 1962 June 24-. London: Between the Lines. p. 59. ISBN 1-903291-12-7. OCLC 52896750.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 2, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  15. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  16. ^ "Warren, Ohio". Modern Language Association. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
  17. ^ Search Results - Warren, Ohio - ReferenceUSA Current Businesses
  18. ^ "Top Shelf Coffee". Top Shelf Coffee. Retrieved February 2, 2023.
  19. ^ LPGA Tournament Chronology 1960-1969
  20. ^ Balash, Dana (July 18, 2018). "14 year anniversary of local LPGA tournament". WFMJ. Retrieved February 3, 2023.
  21. ^ "Mayors Office". City of Warren, Ohio. Retrieved December 6, 2022.
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Council Members". City of Warren, Ohio. Retrieved October 26, 2022.
  23. ^ Sheehan, Pete (September 14, 2014). "JFK celebrates change and constancy at 50th anniversary". The Catholic Exponent. Roman Catholic Diocese of Youngstown. Retrieved September 18, 2022.
  24. ^ Shea, John Gilmary; Stiles, Henry Reed (1859) [1859]. J.W. Dean; George Folsom; J.G. Shea; H.R. Stiles; H.B. Dawson. (eds.). The Historical Magazine and Notes and Queries Concerning the Antiquities. Vol. v.3. Henry B. Dawson. p. 117. Retrieved May 10, 2008. The first journal on the Western Reserve was the Trump of Fame, by T.D. Webb, at Warren, Trumbull County, in 1812. In 1816 the Trump of Fame became the Western Reserve Chronicle...
  25. ^ "2008 Circulation List" (PDF). USA Today. 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 27, 2007. Retrieved May 10, 2008.
  26. ^ "Biographical Sketch of Joseph Seaver Curtis". Wisconsin Blue Book. 1873. p. 440.
  27. ^ Engel, Keri (October 16, 2012). "Alaska P. Davidson, the FBI's first female Special Agent | Amazing Women In History".
  28. ^ "Biographical Sketch of John Harsh". Wisconsin Blue Book. 1875. p. 319.

External links[edit]