Warren Anderson (American businessman)
Warren Martin Anderson
November 29, 1921
New York City, U.S.
|Died||September 29, 2014 (aged 92)|
Vero Beach, Florida
|Known for||Chair and CEO of Union Carbide Corporation during the Bhopal disaster|
Warren Martin Anderson (November 29, 1921 – September 29, 2014) was an American businessman who was the Chair and CEO of the Union Carbide Corporation (UCC) at the time of the Bhopal disaster in 1984. He was charged with manslaughter by Indian authorities.
Anderson was born in 1921 in the Bay Ridge section of Brooklyn, New York, to Swedish immigrants. He was named after the American president Warren Harding. He later attended the naval pre-flight school in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. He married Lillian Anderson. They lived in Bridgehampton, Long Island, New York and owned houses in Vero Beach, Florida and Greenwich, Connecticut. He died at a nursing home in Vero Beach, Florida on September 29, 2014.
The Bhopal disaster took place in a plant belonging to Union Carbide's Indian subsidiary, Union Carbide India Limited, in the city of Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India during 1984. Thousands of people died and thousands more were injured in the disaster. As the UCC CEO, Anderson was charged with manslaughter by Indian authorities. He flew to India and was promptly placed in custody by Indian authorities, but was allowed to return to the United States.
He was declared a fugitive from justice by the Chief Judicial Magistrate, Gulab Sharma, of Bhopal on February 1, 1992, for failing to appear at the court hearings in a culpable homicide case. A formal extradition request was issued in 2003. The United States declined to extradite him citing a lack of evidence. The chief judicial magistrate of Bhopal issued an arrest warrant for Anderson on July 31, 2009.
In August 2009, a UCC spokesperson said Union Carbide had no role in operating the plant at the time as the factory was owned, managed and operated by employees of Union Carbide India Limited. Eight former senior employees of the subsidiary were found guilty on June 7, 2010. After these convictions, a UCC spokesperson said, "All the appropriate people from UCIL – officers and those who actually ran the plant on a daily basis – have appeared to face charges."
- "Former Union Carbide CEO Warren Anderson dead". The Economic Times. October 31, 2014. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Martin, Douglas (October 30, 2014). "W. M. Anderson, 92, Dies; Faced India Plant Disaster". New York Times. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- The New York Times Biographical Service – Volume 15. New York Times & Arno Press. 1984. p. 1565.
- "Wife: Ex-Exec 'Haunted' by Bhopal Gas Leak". CBS News. August 1, 2009.
- Martin, Douglas (October 30, 2014). "Warren Anderson, 92, Dies; Faced India Plant Disaster". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
- Frequently Asked Questions regarding the Bhopal Tragedy of 1984 Archived April 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine Bhopal Information Center, Union Carbide Corporation
- "The Dow Chemical Company: Bhopal Disaster". Knowmore.org. Retrieved December 3, 2008.
- "Warren Anderson: 30-Year old road to nowhere". The Indian Express. November 1, 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Lack of Evidence Held up Anderson Extradition: MEA The Times of India, June 10, 2010
- "Court issues arrest warrant for former CEO of Union Carbide in gas leak case". The Guardian. London. July 31, 2009. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- Company Defends Chief in Bhopal Disaster The New York Times, August 3, 2009
- Vilanilam, John V. (2011). Public relations in India : new tasks and responsibilities. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. ISBN 9788132107736. OCLC 750174249.