Warren County, North Carolina

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Warren County, North Carolina
Warrenton, North Carolina (6281513093).jpg
Warren County Courthouse in Warrenton
Seal of Warren County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Warren County
Location in the U.S. state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1779
Named for Joseph Warren
Seat Warrenton
Largest town Norlina
Area
 • Total 444 sq mi (1,150 km2)
 • Land 428 sq mi (1,109 km2)
 • Water 15 sq mi (39 km2), 3.4%
Population
 • (2010) 20,972
 • Density 49/sq mi (19/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.warrencountync.com

Warren County is a county located in the northeastern Piedmont region of the U.S. state of North Carolina, on the northern border with Virginia. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 20,972.[1] Its county seat is Warrenton.[2] It was a center of tobacco and cotton plantations,Educational later textile mills.

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1779 from the northern half of Bute County. It was named for Joseph Warren of Massachusetts, a physician and general in the American Revolutionary War who was killed at the Battle of Bunker Hill. Developed as tobacco and cotton farming area. Its county seat of Warrenton became a center of commerce and was one of the wealthiest towns in the state from 1840 to 1860. Many planters built fine homes there.

In the later nineteenth century, the county developed textile mills. In 1881, parts of Warren County, Franklin County, and Granville County were combined to form Vance County. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Warren County's continued reliance on agriculture slowed its development. Many residents migrated to cities for work.

Since the late 20th century, county residents have worked to attract other industrial and business development. Soul City, a "planned community" development, was funded by the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD). It has not been successful in attracting business and industry, and has not developed as much housing as intended.

Beginning in 1982, Warren County was the site of the Warren County PCB Landfill. Residents of the county have pursued a long environmental justice struggle to remove dangerous pollutants from the site, to improve the health of citizens. The site was not made safe until 2004.

Geography[edit]

Entering Warren County from Virginia

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 444 square miles (1,150 km2), of which 428 square miles (1,110 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (3.4%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
17909,379
180011,28420.3%
181011,004−2.5%
182011,1581.4%
183011,8776.4%
184012,9198.8%
185013,9127.7%
186015,72613.0%
187017,76813.0%
188022,61927.3%
189019,360−14.4%
190019,151−1.1%
191020,2665.8%
192021,5936.5%
193023,3648.2%
194023,145−0.9%
195023,5391.7%
196019,652−16.5%
197015,810−19.6%
198016,2322.7%
199017,2656.4%
200019,97215.7%
201020,9725.0%
Est. 201619,907[4]−5.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,972 people residing in the county. 52.3% were Black or African American, 38.8% White, 5.0% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 2.0% of some other race and 1.6% of two or more races. 3.3% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 19,972 people, 7,708 households, and 5,449 families residing in the county. The population density was 47 people per square mile (18/km²). There were 10,548 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 54.49% Black or African American, 38.90% White, 4.79% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 0.88% from two or more races. 1.59% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,708 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.20% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.30% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,351, and the median income for a family was $33,602. Males had a median income of $26,928 versus $20,787 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,716. About 15.70% of families and 19.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.90% of those under age 18 and 20.80% of those age 65 or over.

Warren County is heavily populated by the Haliwa-Saponi, descendants of a long existing tri-racial isolate deeply rooted in the area.

Law and government[edit]

Since the Democratic Party supported civil rights legislation in the 1960s that helped African Americans regain their constitutional rights and has supported programs of interest to them, it has retained the loyalty of black voters. In addition, some white voters also vote Democratic. The county favors Democratic candidates over Republicans. In the 2004 election, the county's voters favored Democrat John F. Kerry over Republican George W. Bush by 65% to 35%.[10]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 32.7% 3,214 65.2% 6,413 2.2% 215
2012 30.9% 3,140 68.7% 6,978 0.4% 44
2008 30.0% 3,063 69.5% 7,086 0.5% 46
2004 35.4% 2,840 64.4% 5,171 0.2% 16
2000 32.4% 2,202 67.3% 4,576 0.3% 17
1996 29.4% 1,861 65.3% 4,141 5.3% 337
1992 24.8% 1,767 65.4% 4,656 9.9% 702
1988 33.6% 2,163 66.1% 4,249 0.3% 17
1984 40.3% 2,664 59.6% 3,946 0.1% 8
1980 29.1% 1,582 69.1% 3,750 1.8% 98
1976 30.8% 1,427 68.7% 3,185 0.5% 23
1972 59.6% 2,603 38.9% 1,698 1.5% 65
1968 14.8% 796 42.6% 2,293 42.6% 2,294
1964 40.1% 1,909 59.9% 2,849
1960 19.3% 717 80.7% 2,997
1956 20.8% 718 79.2% 2,733
1952 18.3% 664 81.7% 2,960
1948 6.9% 192 85.8% 2,376 7.3% 203
1944 8.9% 242 91.1% 2,480
1940 8.5% 247 91.6% 2,676
1936 4.4% 140 95.6% 3,047
1932 4.0% 110 95.8% 2,661 0.2% 6
1928 15.7% 379 84.3% 2,037
1924 8.4% 166 88.4% 1,742 3.2% 62
1920 13.7% 295 86.3% 1,865
1916 15.7% 227 84.3% 1,217
1912 9.8% 112 86.2% 987 4.0% 46

In the 2004 governor's race, Warren County supported Democrat Mike Easley by 74% to 25% over Republican Patrick J. Ballantine.[12] Warren County is represented in the North Carolina House of Representatives by Rep. Michael H. Wray (D-Gaston) and in the North Carolina Senate by Sen. Doug Berger (D-Youngsville). It also forms part of the 1st congressional district, which seat is held by U.S. Rep. G. K. Butterfield (D).

Warren County has a council-manager government, governed by a five-member Board of Commissioners. County commissioners are elected to staggered four-year terms and represent one of five single-member districts of roughly equal population. The council hires a county manager for daily administration.

District Name First
elected
Next
election
Position
1 Barry Richardson 2004 2012 Chairman
2 Ulysses S. Ross 2002 2010 Vice Chairman
3 Ernest Fleming 2006 2010
4 Bill Davis 2006 2010
5 Jennifer Jordan 2008 2012

Warren County is a member of the Kerr-Tar Regional Council of Governments.

Communities[edit]

Map of Warren County showing municipalities and townships

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Wise
  • Soul City
  • Manson
  • Drewry
  • Elbron
  • Nutbush
  • Seoul
  • Rose Hill
  • Hecksgrove
  • Axtell
  • Grove Hill
  • Countyline
  • Ridgeway
  • Snow Hill
  • Cole Bridge
  • Vaughan
  • Eaton Ferry
  • Creekside
  • Arcola
  • Timbuktu
  • Parktown
  • Bucks Springs
  • Fishing Creek
  • Oine
  • Lirbera
  • Warren Plains
  • Old Bethlehem
  • Tradepost Crossroads
  • Odell
  • Limertown
  • Embro
  • Quick City
  • Red hill
  • Providence
  • Nocava
  • River
  • Jones Springs
  • Epworth
  • Afton
  • Schoco Creek
  • Russell Union
  • Vicksbro
  • Littleton
  • Elams
  • Perrytown
  • Marmaduke
  • Alert
  • Enterprise
  • Judkins
  • Greenwood Village
  • Scoco Springs
  • Hawtree
  • Burchettte Chapel
  • Essex
  • Warren Hills
  • Richardson
  • Sandy Creek
  • Crowder Pond
  • Lake Gaston
  • Polar Mountain
  • Crossroads Point
  • Kimballtown
  • Schoco
  • Robertson Ferry
  • Paschall
  • Bute City
  • Creek
  • Fiveforks
  • Roanoke
  • Largo Lake
  • Perry Hill
  • Six Pound
  • Inez
  • Coley Soring
  • Bute Bridge
  • Oakville
  • Lizard Creek
  • Rocky Hill
  • Wildwood
  • Kimball Point
  • Church Hill
  • Hollister
  • Pancrea Springs
  • Smith Creek
  • Limertown
  • Cool Springs
  • Lake Gaston Esates

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 30, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 12, 2015. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 20, 2015. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Election 2004, CNN.com
  11. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-17. 
  12. ^ 2004 Governor's Race Archived 2008-08-04 at the Wayback Machine., State Board of Elections
  13. ^ Leadership Biographies. Navy.mil. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°24′N 78°06′W / 36.40°N 78.10°W / 36.40; -78.10