Warren Jeffs

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Warren Jeffs
FBI Ten Most Wanted Fugitive
BornWarren Steed Jeffs
(1955-12-03) December 3, 1955 (age 68)
Sacramento, California, U.S.
OccupationProphet of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
ParentsRulon Jeffs and Merilyn Steed
Spouse78[1] including Naomi Jeffs (née Jessop)
ConvictionsTexas: Utah:
Child rape as an accomplice (2 counts; overturned)[3][4]
Life imprisonment with the possibility of parole after 27 years
Life imprisonment with the possibility of parole after 10 years (overturned)
AddedMay 6, 2006[6]

Warren Steed Jeffs (born December 3, 1955) is an American cult religious leader who has been convicted of several sex crimes and two assisted sex crimes involving children. He is the "prophet" of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS Church), a polygamous movement which has no affiliation with the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In 2011, he was convicted of two felony counts of child sexual assault,[7] for which he is serving a life sentence.[8]

In 2006, Jeffs was placed on the FBI's Ten Most Wanted List for his flight from the charges that he had arranged illegal marriages between his adult male followers and underage girls in Utah.[6] In 2007, Arizona charged him with eight additional counts in two separate cases, including incest and sexual conduct with minors.[9]

In September 2007, Jeffs was convicted of two counts of rape as an accomplice,[10] for which he was sentenced to imprisonment for ten years to life in Utah State Prison. This conviction was overturned by the Utah Supreme Court in 2010 due to flawed jury instructions.[11]

Jeffs was extradited to Texas,[12] where he was found guilty of sexual assault of a minor, for raping a 15-year-old he had "married;" and aggravated sexual assault against a child, for raping a 12-year-old he had "married;" for which he was sentenced to life in prison, plus twenty years and fined $10,000.[2] Jeffs is incarcerated at the Louis C. Powledge Unit of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice near Palestine, Texas.[13][14]

Family and early life[edit]

Warren Steed Jeffs was born on December 3, 1955, to Rulon Jeffs (1909–2002) and Merilyn Steed (born circa 1935).[15] Warren was born more than two months prematurely in Sacramento, California.[16]

Rulon Jeffs became the President of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (FLDS Church) in 1986 and had nineteen or twenty wives and approximately 60 children.[17] Former church members claim that Warren himself has 87 wives.[1] Warren grew up outside of Salt Lake City, Utah, and for more than twenty years served as the principal of Alta Academy, an FLDS private school at the mouth of Little Cottonwood Canyon. Jeffs became principal in 1976, the year he turned 21.[18] He was known for being "a stickler for the rules and for discipline."[16]

Church leadership[edit]

Prior to his father's death in 2002, Jeffs held the position of counselor to the church leader. Jeffs became Rulon's successor with his official title in the FLDS Church becoming "President and Prophet, Seer and Revelator" as well as "President of the Priesthood". The Revelator was the head of the organization of all adult male church members who were deemed worthy to hold the priesthood, a tradition carried on in the Latter Day Saint movement.[19][20]

Following Rulon's death, Jeffs told the high-ranking FLDS officials, "I won't say much, but I will say this – hands off my father's wives." When addressing his father's widows he said, "You women will live as if Father is still alive and in the next room." Within a week he had married all but two of his father's wives; one refused to marry Jeffs and was subsequently prohibited from ever marrying again, while the other, Rebecca Wall, fled the FLDS compound.[21] Naomi Jessop, one of the first of Rulon's former wives to marry Jeffs, subsequently became his favorite wife and confidant. As the sole individual in the FLDS Church with the authority to perform marriages, Jeffs was responsible for assigning wives to husbands. He also had the authority to discipline male church members by "reassigning their wives, children and homes to another man."[22]

Until courts in Utah intervened, Jeffs controlled almost all of the land in Colorado City, Arizona, and Hildale, Utah, which was part of a church trust called the United Effort Plan (UEP). The land has been estimated to be worth over $100 million. All UEP assets were put in the custody of the Utah court system pending further litigation. As the result of a November 2012 court decision, much of the UEP land is to be sold to those who live on it.[23]

In January 2004, Jeffs expelled a group of twenty men from the Short Creek Community, including the mayor, and reassigned their wives and children to other men in the community. Jeffs, like his predecessors, continued the standard FLDS and Mormon fundamentalist tenet that faithful men must follow what is known as the doctrine of plural marriage in order to attain exaltation in the afterlife. Jeffs specifically taught that a devoted church member is expected to have at least three wives in order to get into heaven, and the more wives a man has, the closer he is to heaven.[24]

Changes in location, leadership[edit]

Before his 2006 arrest, Jeffs had last been seen on January 1, 2005, near Eldorado, Texas, at the dedication ceremony of the foundation of a large FLDS temple on the YFZ Ranch. The ranch came into the public eye on April 7, 2008, when Texas authorities conducted a raid and took legal custody of 416 children, in response to a March 31 phone call alleging physical and sexual abuse on the ranch. The caller claimed to be a 16-year-old girl married to a 50-year-old man, and stated that she had given birth to his child a year prior. Residents, however, told authorities that there was in fact no such girl, and the calls were ultimately traced to 33-year-old Rozita Swinton, totally unconnected to the FLDS Church, and known for repeated instances of filing false reports. Nevertheless, Texas authorities continued to investigate whether Swinton's claims were a hoax.[25] The women and children who were suspected of being minors were returned after Texas courts established that the state had not presented sufficient evidence of abuse to have removed them.

On June 10, 2006, Arizona Attorney General Terry Goddard told the Deseret News that he had heard from several sources that Jeffs had returned to Arizona, and had performed marriage ceremonies in a mobile home that was being used as a wedding chapel.[26]

On March 27, 2007, the Deseret News reported that Jeffs had renounced his role as prophet of the FLDS Church in a conversation with his brother Nephi. Nephi quoted him as saying he was "the greatest of all sinners" and that God had never called him to be a prophet.[27] Jeffs presented a handwritten note to the judge at the end of trial on March 27, saying that he was not a prophet of the FLDS Church.[28] On November 7, the Washington County, Utah, Attorney's Office released video of jailhouse conversations between Nephi and Jeffs, in which Jeffs renounces his prophethood, claiming that God had told him that if he revealed that he was not the rightful prophet, and was a "wicked man", he would still gain a place in the celestial kingdom.[29] Jeffs also admits to what he calls "immoral actions with a sister and a daughter" when he was 20 years old.[30] Other records show that while incarcerated, Jeffs tried to commit suicide by banging his head against the walls and trying to hang himself.[31]

Jeffs formally resigned as President of the FLDS Church effective November 20, 2007.[32] In an email to the Deseret News, Jeffs' attorneys made the following statements: "Mr. Jeffs has asked that the following statement be released to the media and to members of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints:  Mr. Jeffs resigned as President of the Corporation of the President of The Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints Inc." The statement did not address his ecclesiastical position as prophet of the FLDS Church, and many in the FLDS communities still regard him as the prophet and their current leader.[32] There are also reports that Jeffs admitted his position of prophet in the FLDS Church was a usurpation in a conversation to his brother, and declared that "Brother William E. Jessop has been the prophet since [my] Father's passing", though Jeffs' attorneys have claimed he misspoke.[33] In early 2011, Jeffs retook legal control of the denomination.[7][34]

Sex crimes allegations and FBI's Most Wanted[edit]

In July 2004, Jeffs' nephew, Brent Jeffs, filed a lawsuit alleging that Jeffs had raped him in the FLDS Church's Salt Lake Valley compound in the late 1980s. Together with author Maia Szalavitz, Brent wrote the memoir Lost Boy, which recounts alleged incidents of child sexual abuse inflicted upon him by Jeffs, his brothers, and other family members, committed when Brent was aged 5 or 6.[35][36][37][38] Brent's brother Clayne committed suicide after accusing Jeffs of sexually assaulting him as a child.[39] Two of Jeffs' nephews and two of Jeffs' own children have also publicly claimed to have been sexually abused by him.[40]

In June 2005, Jeffs was charged in Mohave County, Arizona with sexual assault on a minor and with conspiracy to commit sexual misconduct with a minor for allegedly arranging, in April 2001, a marriage between a then-14-year-old girl and her 19-year-old first cousin, Allen. The young girl, Elissa Wall (then known as "Jane Doe IV," and the younger sister of Rebecca Wall), testified that she begged Rulon Jeffs to let her wait until she was older or choose another man for her. The elder Jeffs was apparently "sympathetic," but his son was not, and she was forced to go through with the marriage. Wall alleged that Allen often raped her and that she repeatedly miscarried. She eventually left Allen and the community.

In July 2005, the Arizona Attorney General's office distributed wanted posters offering $10,000 for information leading to Jeffs' arrest and conviction. On October 28, Jeffs' brother Seth was arrested under suspicion of harboring a fugitive. During a routine traffic stop in Pueblo County, Colorado, police found nearly $142,000 in cash, $7,000 worth of prepaid debit cards and personal records. During Seth's court case, FBI Agent Andrew Stearns testified that Seth had told him that he did not know where his older brother was and that he would not reveal his whereabouts if he did. Seth was convicted of harboring a fugitive on May 1, 2006.[41] On July 14, he was sentenced to three years' probation and a $2,500 fine.[42]

On April 5, 2006, Utah issued an arrest warrant for Jeffs on felony charges of accomplice rape of a teenage girl between 14 and 18 years old.[4] Shortly after, on May 6, the FBI placed Jeffs on its Top Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list, offering a $60,000 reward.[43] He was the 482nd fugitive placed on the list. The reward was soon raised to $100,000, and the public was warned that "Jeffs may travel with a number of loyal and armed bodyguards."[44]

On June 8, 2006, Jeffs returned to Colorado City to perform more "child-bride marriages."[45] On May 27, 2008, The Smoking Gun website released images of Jeffs with two underage wives, one of whom was 12 years old, celebrating first wedding anniversaries in 2005 and 2006.[46]

Arrest, trial and conviction[edit]

On August 28, 2006, around 9 p.m. PDT, Jeffs was pulled over on Interstate 15 in Clark County, Nevada, by highway trooper Eddie Dutchover because the temporary license plates on his red 2007 Cadillac Escalade were not visible. One of Jeffs' wives, Naomi Jessop, and his brother Isaac were with him. Jeffs possessed four computers, sixteen cell phones, disguises (including three wigs and twelve pairs of sunglasses), and more than $55,000 in cash. Jeffs' wife and brother were questioned and released.[47][48][49]

In a Nevada court hearing on August 31, Jeffs waived any challenge to extradition and agreed to be returned to Utah[50] to face two first-degree felony charges of accomplice rape.[4] Each charge carries an indeterminate penalty of five years to life in prison. Arizona prosecutors were next in line to try Jeffs. He was held in the Washington County jail, pending an April 23, 2007 trial on two counts of rape, as an accomplice for his role in arranging the marriage between Elissa Wall and her first cousin.[51]

Jeffs was believed to be leading his group from jail and a Utah state board has expressed dissatisfaction in dealing with Hildale police, believing that many members of the force had ties to Jeffs, and thus did not cooperate.[52] In May and July 2007, Jeffs was indicted in Arizona on eight counts, including sexual misconduct with a minor and incest.[9]

Jeffs' trial began on September 11, 2007, in St. George, Utah, with Judge James L. Shumate presiding. Jeffs was housed in Utah's Purgatory Correctional Facility in solitary confinement for the duration. At the culmination of the trial, on September 25, Jeffs was found guilty of two counts of being an accomplice to rape.[53] He was sentenced to prison for ten years to life and began serving his sentence at the Utah State Prison.[54] On July 27, 2010, the Utah Supreme Court, citing deficient jury instructions, reversed Jeffs' convictions and ordered a new trial. The court found that the trial judge should have told the jury that Jeffs could not be convicted unless it could be proved that he intended for Elissa's husband to engage in nonconsensual sex with her.[55] Elissa subsequently wrote an autobiography on her experiences in the FLDS Church and with Jeffs entitled Stolen Innocence. The book was co-authored with former New York Times journalist Lisa Pulitzer.[56]

Jeffs was also scheduled to be tried in Arizona.[57] He had entered a not-guilty plea on February 27, 2008, to sex charges stemming from the arranged marriages of three teenaged girls to older men.[58] He was transported to the Mohave County jail to await trial. On June 9, 2010, a state judge, at the request of Mohave County prosecutor Matt Smith, dismissed all charges with prejudice. Smith said that the Arizona victims no longer wanted to testify and that Jeffs had spent almost two years in jail awaiting trial, more than he would have received had he been convicted. Combined with the pending charges against Jeffs in Texas, Smith concluded that "it would be impractical and unnecessary" to try Jeffs in Arizona. Jeffs was then returned to Utah; at the time, his appeal of the 2007 conviction was still pending.[59]

On August 9, 2011, Jeffs was convicted in Texas on two counts of sexual assault of a child[60] and sentenced to life in prison.[2][61] Warren Jeffs, Texas Department of Criminal Justice #01726705, will be eligible for parole on July 22, 2038.[13]

Prison life[edit]

Jeffs tried to hang himself in jail in 2007 in Utah.[62] On July 9, 2008, he was taken from the Mohave County, Arizona jail in Kingman, Arizona to a Las Vegas, Nevada hospital for what was described as a serious medical problem. Sheriff Tom Sheahan did not specify the problem, but said it was serious enough to move him about 100 miles from the Kingman Regional Medical Center to the Nevada hospital.[63]

Jeffs has engaged in lengthy hunger strikes, which his doctors and attorneys have claimed were for spiritual reasons. In August 2009, Superior Court Judge Steve Conn ordered that Jeffs be force-fed at the Arizona jail.[62]

On August 29, 2011, Jeffs was taken to East Texas Medical Center, Tyler, Texas, and hospitalized in critical condition under a medically induced coma after excessive fasting. Officials were not sure how long he would remain hospitalized, but expected Jeffs to live.[64] Jeffs is incarcerated at the Louis C. Powledge Unit of the TDCJ near Palestine, Texas.[13][14]

Jeffs predicted in December 2012 that the world would end before 2013 and called for his followers to prepare for the end.[65]

The United Effort Plan (UEP) trust that formerly belonged to the FLDS was taken over by Utah in 2005 and controlled by the court for over a decade, before a judge handed it over to a community board mostly composed of former sect members. In 2017, both the trust and Jeffs were sued by a woman alleging she was sexually abused by Jeffs when she was a child. Jeffs allegedly suffered a mental breakdown in the summer of 2019, leaving him unfit to give a deposition in the sex abuse case against him. Attorneys representing the UEP community trust contended that forcing him to testify would be “futile.” The plaintiff's attorney said there is a lack of evidence to support a claim of Jeff's incompetency, accusing the trust of being "understandably very fearful" about Jeffs' testimony since it is liable for his actions as the past president of the FLDS.[62]

Current FLDS members continue to consider Jeffs to be their leader and prophet who speaks to God and who has been wrongly convicted.[62]

Jesus Christ Message to All Nations[edit]

In 2012, while incarcerated at the Powledge Unit, Jeffs released a book titled Jesus Christ Message to All Nations compiling various revelations that he stated he had received. Among these were directives to set Jeffs free and warnings to specific countries around the world.[66][67] Copies of the book were mailed to Utah state legislators by the FLDS Church.[68] Federal prosecutors stated in 2016 that the publication had been financed by $250,000 in money defrauded from federal welfare programs and laundered through FLDS shops.[69]


End times[edit]

In the FLDS Priesthood History, Jeffs stated that “today the Lord rules over this people through President Jeffs, yet we’re under the bondage of the gentiles here in America. Soon the Lord will overthrow our nation and the priesthood people will rule over this land because the priesthood people will be the only ones left.”

While in prison, he made several end times predictions.[70]

View on marriage[edit]

In a 2001 sermon, Jeffs stated that "the people grew so evil, the men started to marry the men and the women married the women. This is the worst evil act you can do, next to murder. It is like murder. Whenever people commit that sin, then the Lord destroys them."[71][72]

View on race[edit]

He made the following declaration about the Beatles:

"I was watching a documentary one day, and on came these people talking about a certain black man Little Richard. In the program it was revealed that this black man was homosexual, immoral, on drugs – the worst kind of person. And then it showed the modern rock group, The Beatles. It showed them as pingy-pangy, unnoticed, useless people nobody would hire. And so the manager of their group called in this Negro, homosexual, on drugs, and the Negro taught them how to do it. And what happened then? They went worldwide. And all other music has followed that pattern, the most famous of what we call the rock groups. So when you enjoy the beats, the rock music – maybe even toned down with an orchestra – you are enjoying the spirit of the black race. And that's what I emphasize to the students. And it is to rock the soul and lead the person to immorality, corruption – to forget their prayers, to forget their God. And thus the world has partaken of the spirit of the Negro race, accepting their ways."[73]

In 2005, Southern Poverty Law Center's Intelligence Report published the following statements made by Jeffs:[71][72]

  • "The black race is the people through which the devil has always been able to bring evil unto the earth."
  • In a 1995 Priesthood History Class, Jeffs stated that Cain was "cursed with a black skin and he is the father of the Negro people … He has great power, can appear and disappear … He is used by the devil, as a mortal man, to do great evils … If you, young people, were to marry a Negro, you could not be a priesthood person, even if you repented. You could not stay in this work."
  • "Today you can see a black man with a white woman, et cetera. A great evil has happened on this land because the devil knows that if all the people have Negro blood, there will be nobody worthy to have the priesthood."
  • "If you marry a person who has connections with the Negro, you would become cursed."

In popular culture[edit]

In print[edit]

  • Krakauer, Jon (2004). Under the Banner of Heaven: A Story of Violent Faith (1st ed.). Anchor Books. ISBN 1-4000-3280-6.
  • Wall, Elissa; Pulitzer, Lisa (2008). Stolen Innocence: My Story of Growing Up in a Polygamous Sect, Becoming a Teenage Bride, and Breaking Free of Warren Jeffs. New York: William Morrow. ISBN 978-0-06-162801-6. An autobiography about a girl inside the FLDS Church and her experiences in the community and her escape as well as her accounts in the Jeffs trial.
  • Singular, Stephen (July 7, 2009). When Men Become Gods: Mormon Polygamist Warren Jeffs, His Cult of Fear, and the Women Who Fought Back. New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-37248-4. A book about Jeffs and the FLDS Church, which chronicles the details of Jeffs' rise to power, the activities of church members in Colorado City and Hildale and their trials.
  • Jeffs, Brent W.; Szalavitz, Maia (2009). Lost Boy: The True Story of One Man's Exile from a Polygamist Cult and His Brave Journey to Reclaim His Life. New York: Broadway Books. ISBN 978-0-7679-3177-9. An autobiography concerning his youth and interactions with his uncle Warren.
  • Brower, Sam (2011). Prophet's Prey: My Seven-Year Investigation into Warren Jeffs and the Fundamentalist Church of Latter-Day Saints. New York: Bloomsbury. ISBN 978-1-60819-275-5. Private Investigator Brower's account of his research about Jeffs and the FLDS Church and pursuit of justice for them.
  • Weyermann, Debra (2011). Answer Them Nothing: Bringing Down the Polygamous Empire of Warren Jeffs. Chicago: Chicago Review Press. ISBN 978-1-56976-531-9. Documents the history of the FLDS Church, including Jeffs' role.
  • Jeffs, Rachel (2017). Breaking Free: How I Escaped Polygamy, the FLDS Cult, and My Father, Warren Jeffs. Harper. ISBN 978-0062670526. Memoir of the daughter of Warren Jeffs, who escaped from the secretive polygamist Mormon fundamentalist cult run by her family

Films and documentaries[edit]

  • The 2005 Regional Emmy and Edward R. Murrow Award-winning documentary Colorado City and the Underground Railroad, by Mike Watkiss
  • The 2006 documentary feature, Damned to Heaven, produced by Pawel Gula and Tom Elliott.[74] The film premiered in Europe at the Kraków Film Festival in Poland. In September 2007, it premiered in the U.S. at the Temecula Valley International Film Festival, where it received honors in the Best Documentary category. The film investigates the practice of plural marriage, and includes 20 minutes of Jeffs' original teachings, recorded for the purpose of educating followers.[75]
  • The 2006 documentary film Banking on Heaven documents Jeffs and the FLDS Church in Colorado City, Arizona.[76]
  • On July 19, 2006, Britain's Channel 4 ran the documentary The Man with 80 Wives. The program featured presenter Sanjiv Bhattacharya's unsuccessful search for Jeffs in Colorado, Utah, and Texas.[76]
  • The 2010 documentary Sons of Perdition describes life inside FLDS including Jeffs' control over the church's members. The film focuses on the experiences of children who have left the FLDS church.[76] The movie was directed by Tyler Measom and Jennilyn Merten. "Sons of perdition" is a derogatory term used by the FLDS Church to describe former members who have apostatized from their religion and faith.[citation needed]
  • On April 9, 2012, the National Geographic Channel aired a 45-minute documentary, I Escaped a Cult, about three ex-members of religious cults. One story featured Brent W. Jeffs, nephew of Jeffs, whose testimony was critical in getting Jeffs convicted.[77]
  • On June 28, 2014, Lifetime aired a movie called Outlaw Prophet: Warren Jeffs starring Tony Goldwyn. It is an adaptation of the non-fiction book When Men Become Gods (2009) by Stephen Singular.[78][79]
  • The 2015 documentary film, Prophet's Prey, directed by Amy J. Berg. It is an adaptation of Sam Brower's book of the same name.^
  • On January 22, 2017, Investigation Discovery aired Jeffs' story in season 2, episode 3 of the original series Evil Lives Here in an episode entitled "My Brother, The Devil." It was told from the point of view of Jeffs' brother Wallace and nephew Brent.[80]
  • On February 19, 2018, A&E aired a documentary called Warren Jeffs: Prophet of Evil.[81]
  • On April 26, 2022, Peacock aired a documentary series called Preaching Evil: A Wife on the Run With Warren Jeffs which documented Jeffs rise to power, told from the perspective of Jeffs' favored wife and scribe, Naomie.[82]
  • On June 8, 2022, Netflix aired a documentary series called Keep Sweet: Pray and Obey documenting the story of Jeffs and the FLDS church.[83]
  • On January 30, 2023, discovery+ streamed a three episode documentary series called Prisoner of the Prophet.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Egan, Timothy (October 25, 2005). "Polygamous Community Defies State Crackdown". The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2020. Mr. Jeffs, age 45, has as many as 70 wives, people who have left the church say. He teaches that a man cannot get to heaven unless he has at least three wives. And because there are not enough women to meet the demands of men who want eternal life, brides are constantly being reassigned.
  2. ^ a b c Whitehurst, Lindsay (August 10, 2011). "Warren Jeffs gets life in prison for sex with underage girls". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  3. ^ "US polygamy sect leader sentenced". BBC News. November 20, 2007. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "Polygamist Charged With Felony Accomplice Rape of a Minor". FindLaw.com. April 5, 2006. Archived from the original on November 22, 2007. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  5. ^ "Texas: Polygamist Leader Convicted". The New York Times. August 4, 2011. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Have You Seen This Man? FBI Announces New Top Tenner". FBI. May 6, 2006. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
  7. ^ a b Wagner, Dennis (February 24, 2011). "Jailed sect leader retakes legal control of church". USA Today. McLean, Virginia. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  8. ^ The FLDS Church was founded in the early-20th century when the founders deemed the renunciation of polygamy by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) to be apostate; there is no affiliation between the FLDS Church and the LDS Church: "Polygamy". Newsroom. LDS Church. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  9. ^ a b "Sect leader indicted on sexual conduct with minor, incest charges". CNN. July 12, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  10. ^ Hylton, Hilary (September 25, 2007). "Jeffs' Conviction: A Winning Ploy". Time. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  11. ^ "Polygamist Warren Jeffs' Convictions Overturned". CBS News. July 27, 2010. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  12. ^ Ward, Mike (December 1, 2010). "Polygamist sect leader Jeffs arrives in Texas". Statesman.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2011. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  13. ^ a b c Texas Department of Criminal Justice. "Offender Information Search: Jeffs, Warren Steed". offender.tdcj.texas.gov. Archived from the original on December 27, 2015. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  14. ^ a b Parker, Kolten (March 17, 2014). "Polygamist sect leader Warren Jeffs hospitalized in Texas". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  15. ^ "Merilyn Jeffs". Geni.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  16. ^ a b "Warren Jeffs". The Biography Channel. April 2, 2014. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  17. ^ Janofsky, Michael (September 15, 2002). "Mormon Leader Is Survived by 33 Sons and a Void". The New York Times. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
  18. ^ Carlisle, Nate (September 4, 2014). "Demolition starts on old FLDS polygamous school". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved May 17, 2019.
  19. ^ "The FLDS Church". MormonFundamentalism.com. Brian C. Hales. Archived from the original on May 31, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  20. ^ "Timeline: History of polygamy". CBC. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  21. ^ Wall, Elissa (May 13, 2008). Stolen Innocence: My Story of Growing Up in a Polygamous Sect, Becoming a Teenage Bride, and Breaking Free of Warren Jeffs. Pulitzer, Lisa (First ed.). New York. ISBN 9780061628016. OCLC 223505308.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  22. ^ Goodwyn, Wade; Berkes, Howard; Walters, Amy (May 3, 2005). "Warren Jeffs and the FLDS". NPR. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  23. ^ Foy, Paul (November 5, 2012). "Court upholds sale of polygamous church assets". Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
  24. ^ Cooper, Anderson, ed. (May 2006a). "Anderson Cooper Blog 360°". CNN. Retrieved May 9, 2019.
    • Ibid., Tuchman, Gary (May 10, 2006b). "Polygamists claim it's all about love".
    • Ibid., Sanchez, Rick (May 10, 2006c). "Fort Knox has nothing on polygamist compound".
    • Ibid., Cooper, Anderson (May 10, 2006d). "Polygamous group exists in a different world".
    • Ibid., Schuster, Henry (May 11, 2006e). "The other fundamentalist polygamist".
    • Ibid., Kaye, Randi (May 11, 2006f). "How polygamy affects your wallet".
  25. ^ "Texas takes legal custody of 401 sect children". CNN. April 7, 2008. Archived from the original on April 11, 2008. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  26. ^ Winslow, Ben (June 10, 2006). "Jeffs seen in Arizona?". Deseret News. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  27. ^ Winslow, Ben (March 27, 2007). "A prophet no more? Jeffs called himself a 'sinner' in jailhouse conversation". Deseret News. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  28. ^ Adams, Brooke (April 5, 2007). "Mystery note: Jeffs may have abdicated polygamist prophet role". Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on March 20, 2012. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  29. ^ Winslow, Ben; Perkins, Nancy (November 8, 2007). "Released video shows emotional Jeffs in jail". Deseret News. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  30. ^ Johnson, Kirk (November 2, 2007). "In Recordings From Jail, Polygamist Had Doubts". New York Times. Retrieved November 11, 2007.
  31. ^ Tuchman, Gary. "Polygamist Jeffs tried to hang himself in jail, documents say". CNN. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  32. ^ a b Perkins, Nancy (December 5, 2007). "Warren Jeffs resigns as leader of the FLDS Church". Deseret News. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  33. ^ Adams, Brooke (November 2007a). "Polygamy Files: The Tribune's blog on the plural life". The Salt Lake Tribune. Archived from the original on October 1, 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2011.
    * Ibid., Adams, Brooke (November 28, 2007b). "To be or not to be a prophet". The Salt Lake Tribune.
    * Ibid., Adams, Brooke (November 30, 2007c). "What Warren said to William". The Salt Lake Tribune.
  34. ^ Tuchman, Gary (February 24, 2011). "Sources: Jailed polygamist retakes control of church, ousts 45 members". CNN. Archived from the original on January 26, 2013. Retrieved April 10, 2021.
  35. ^ Jeffs, Brent W. (2009). Lost Boy. New York: Broadway Books. ISBN 978-0767931779.
  36. ^ Gross, Terry (May 21, 2009), "From Polygamist Royalty To FLDS Lost Boy", Fresh Air, WHYY-FM, NPR, retrieved June 3, 2019
  37. ^ "Lisa reads: Lost Boy by Brent W. Jeffs". When Falls the Coliseum. June 23, 2009. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  38. ^ Kelly, David; Cohn, Gary (May 16, 2006). "Insider accounts put sect leader on the run". The Seattle Times. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013.
  39. ^ Kelly, David; Cohn, Gary (May 16, 2006). "Where Few Dare to Disobey". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  40. ^ Escobedo, Tricia (October 1, 2015). "Warren Jeffs' son, daughter allege sexual abuse". CNN. Retrieved May 7, 2019.
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Further reading[edit]

Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints titles
Preceded by Prophet
Succeeded by
With disputed interruptions by:
Corporation of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints titles
Preceded by President
2002 – December 4, 2007
Succeeded by
Preceded by President
January 28, 2011 – present
Succeeded by