Warren Johansson

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Warren Johansson (February 21, 1934 – June 10, 1994) was a philologist, author and a leading American gay scholar during his lifetime. He was founding member of the Scholarship Committee of the Gay Academic Union.


Warren Johansson was born in 1934, in Philadelphia, with the name Philip Joseph Wallfield. His father was Jewish (and is said to have been killed with a shotgun by robbers in his pharmacy[citation needed]). At some point in his later career, Philip changed his name to the Nordic-sounding Warren Johansson, to express his disapproval of Jewish homophobia.[citation needed]

His first venture into gay scholarship was to co-author Greek Love with the numismatist and later convicted child sex offender Walter H. Breen, who wrote under the name J. Z. Eglinton.[1][2]

He abandoned formal academic studies (at Columbia University) but did not obtain a Ph.D. Johansson made himself a master of all the modern European languages (excepting only Basque, Hungarian, and Finnish) as well as of Greek, Latin, Hebrew and Aramaic.[3] He used his linguistic abilities to read deeply and spent much of his life in research libraries, particularly at Columbia, where his extensive knowledge of obscure Slavonic dialects made him a valuable informal resource to scholars in the Russian department.[3] William Armstrong Percy cites just one example of Johansson's surprising discoveries: while the British Wolfenden Committee was sitting, Johannson unearthed the by-now-famous citation from Sigmund Freud, to the effect that homosexuals were not sick, and sent it off.[3][4] Later, he provided expert testimony to legislative bodies in several countries including Luxembourg, Moldova and Argentina.[3]

Johansson apparently ran through a couple of bequests in record time: at one point he was driving a Mercedes in California, but most of the time he was penniless, and slept in public places such as libraries while keeping his few possessions in storage lockers. As Percy points out, Johansson came to see himself as a model of the Talmudic scholar, and thought it only fair that he should receive room and board in exchange for providing what amounted to an advanced post-graduate education in gay studies, gratis.[3]

Author and historian William Armstrong Percy has called Johansson "simply the most extraordinary person I have ever known."[3]


  1. ^ "Walter H. Breen" (PDF). Williamapercy.com. Retrieved December 25, 2014.
  2. ^ Eglinton, J. Z. (1964). Greek Love. O. Layton Press. p. 298. [Signed articles] are by Dr. Warren Johansson; those unsigned are by me.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Percy, William A. (2002). Bullough, Vern L. (ed.). Before Stonewall: Activists for Gay and Lesbian Rights in Historical Context. New York: Harrington Park Press. ISBN 9781306423021.
  4. ^ Johansson, Warren (1990). Dynes, Wayne R. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Homosexuality (PDF). Garland Press. p. 434. In a statement printed in the issue of October 27, 1905, he asserted that 'like many experts, I uphold the view that the homosexual does not belong before the bar of a court of justice. I am even of the firm conviction that the homosexual cannot be regarded as sick, because the individual of an abnormal sexual orientation is for just that reason far from being sick. Should we not then have to classify many great thinkers and scholars of all ages, whose sound minds it is precisely that we admire, as sick men? Homosexual persons are not sick, but neither do they belong before the bar of a court of justice. Here in Austria, and to a greater extent in Germany, a powerful movement is on foot to abrogate the paragraph of the penal code that is directed against those of an abnormal sexual disposition. This movement will gather ever more support until it attains final success.'



  • William A. Percy, "Warren Johansson," in Vern Bullough, Before Stonewall (Harrington Park Press, 2002).

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