Warren W. Matthews, Jr. (born April 5, 1939) is a retired jurist, who served as the 8th and 12th Chief Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court. His service as a justice of that court from May 1977 to April 2009 makes him the second-longest serving justice in Alaska history, slightly less than that of Jay Rabinowitz.
Born in Santa Cruz, California, Matthews graduated from San Benito High School in Hollister, California in 1957, where he says he was inspired to become an attorney when one paid a visit to his classroom. He went on to earn his Bachelor of Arts degree from Stanford University in 1961 and his Juris Doctor degree from Harvard Law School in 1964.
Matthews came to Alaska in 1965 to serve as an associate at the law firm of Burr, Boney & Pease in Anchorage. In 1969, he formed the law firm of Matthews, Dunn and Bailey. He served as ethics committee chair for the Alaska Bar Association from 1968 to 1974.
Then, in 1977, Republican Governor Jay Hammond appointed Matthews as an Associate Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court. The other Supreme Court justices elected Matthews to be the 8th Chief Justice from 1987 to 1990 and as the 12th Chief Justice from 1997 to 2000. As Chief Justice, he also served concurrently as Chairman of the Alaska Judicial Council. The nation's other chief justices elected Matthews as second vice president of the Conference of Chief Justices.
Matthews wrote the 4–1 majority opinion in the 1981 Supreme Court case of Nix v. Alaska, in which he ruled that an undercover police officer gaining access to a residence was not a violation of the Fourth Amendment prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures, stating, "the use of undercover police agents 'is a highly necessary tool in fighting crime.'"
In 2007, Matthews dissented in the 3–2 Supreme Court decision of Alaska v. Planned Parenthood in which the Court struck down Alaska's law requiring parental consent for minors to obtain abortions while Matthews supported the law, arguing: "Without a parent's consent, [minors] may not become licensed drivers or get married or obtain general medical or dental treatment." Later that year, Matthews wrote the dissenting opinion in the 3–2 Supreme Court decision Godfrey, d/b/a Mendenhall Valley Tesoro v. State of Alaska, Community and Economic Development, in which the Court supported Alaska's law holding retailers legally liable if their employees (even unknowingly) sold tobacco to minors. while Matthews opposed the law, arguing that the law was too broad in not allowing a retailer to argue that a clerk was not negligent.
Several of his former law clerks eventually went on to prominence in Alaskan politics: Supreme Court Justice Craig F. Stowers, Attorney General Daniel S. Sullivan, and State Representative Lindsey Holmes.
- Klas Stolpe (November 22, 2010). "Retired Supreme Court judge back behind the bench". Juneau Empire.
- State of Alaska Official Election Pamphlet (Senate Districts E-J and House Districts 7-12 ed.). Juneau: Office of the Alaska Lieutenant Governor. October 1980. p. 67.
- Don Hunter (January 17, 1981). "Supreme Court allows burglary conviction". Anchorage Daily News. p. C1.
- Nix v. State, 621 P. 2d 1347 (Alaska 1981).
- Ralph Samuels. "Government gets between you and your child". Alaska Standard. Retrieved March 29, 2011.
- State v. Planned Parenthood, 171 P. 3d 577 (Alaska 2007).
- "Retailers in bind on tobacco after Alaska SC ruling". LegalNewsline. December 11, 2007.
- Godfrey v. State, Community and Econ. Dev., 175 P. 3d 1198 (Alaska 2007).
- "Associate Justice Craig F. Stowers (AK)". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
- "Attorneys General of Alaska - Daniel S. Sullivan". Office of the Alaska Attorney General. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
- "House of Representatives - Lindsey Holmes". Alaska State Legislature. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
Robert Cecil Erwin
|Associate Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court
May 26, 1977 – April 5, 2009
|8th Chief Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court
October 1, 1987 – September 30, 1990
Allen T. Compton
|12th Chief Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court
July 1, 1997 – June 30, 2000