Warren Webster Whitside
Colonel Warren Webster Whitside
|Born||November 2, 1875|
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
|Died||October 3, 1964|
Front Royal, Virginia, United States
|Place of burial|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1898–1939|
|Unit|| 5th Cav Regt|
|Commands held||Fort Apache|
89th Division Trains and Military Police
Aleshire Quartermaster Remount Depot
|Battles/wars||Spanish–American War Occupation of Germany|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal Quartermaster Hall of Fame|
|Relations||Brig. Gen. Samuel M. Whitside (father) |
Lt. Col. Archie Miller (brother-in-law)
Capt. Warren W. Whitside, III, USN (son)
Colonel Whitside was born in Toronto, Ontario, Canada on November 2, 1875, the son of a career cavalry officer, Brig. Gen Samuel M. Whitside. He spent the first fifteen years of his life among soldiers and Indians on the Western plains. He was educated at Kemper Military School, Boonville, Missouri, and the Washington and Lee University, Lexington, Virginia.
In May 1898 Colonel Whitside left college just before graduating in answer to President William McKinley’s call to service during the Spanish–American War. He was commissioned a Second Lieutenant of Cavalry in 1899, and served for the next seven years as a lieutenant in the 10th Cavalry and 15th Cavalry Regiments. In 1906 he was promoted to Captain of Quartermaster Corps, and for the next 33 years he served in a variety of command and key leadership positions within the Quartermaster field.
Colonel Whitside served on numerous campaigns including the Spanish–American War in 1898; the Cuban Occupation from 1899 to 1902 with service as the aide-de-camp to his father, the Commanding General of the District of Santiago Cuba; the Army of Cuban Pacification from 1906 to 1909 serving as a troop commander in the 15th Cavalry Regiment; the Punitive Expedition along the Mexico–U.S. border in 1916 serving as the Commander of Motor Truck Company No. 11; and World War I during the Battle of Saint-Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne Offensive serving as the Commander of the 89th Division Trains and Military Police, a regimental level command for which he was awarded what was then the U.S.'s highest decoration for service, the Distinguished Service Medal.
From 1912 to 1915 he was instrumental in the establishment and construction of the Aleshire Quartermaster Remount Depot, Front Royal, Virginia, serving as one of its first commanders. Following his return from the Punitive Expedition, he was the commander of Fort Apache from 1916 to 1917.
From 1920 to 1925 he served as the Fort Riley Post Quartermaster where he was singularly responsible for modernizing much of the post including training sites for the National Guard, one of which was named in his honor and to this day is recognized as Camp Whitside. From 1925 to 1930 he served as the Department Quartermaster for the Panama Canal Division.
In 1930 he served as the Post Quartermaster of West Point, New York, followed by an assignment in Washington, D.C., as the Chief of Storage and Distribution in the Office of the Quartermaster General (OQMG). While assigned to OQMG, Colonel Whitside was featured on the cover of the July–August 1934 edition of the Quartermaster Review. From 1934 until his retirement in 1939 he returned to Front Royal as the Commander of the Remount Depot, which had evolved into the largest remount depot in the Army and served as a vital economic enterprise throughout the lower Shenandoah Valley of Virginia.
Colonel Whitside retired from the military and started an apple cider business that ultimately failed. He was married for over 63 years to the former Miss Lillian Rigney of Bridgeport, Connecticut. He died in 1964 and was laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery where his parents and brother were buried.
Decorations and honors
- Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Army): For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. As Division Quartermaster and later Commander of the 89th Division Trains, he rendered services of great value to the American Expeditionary Forces. By his sound judgment and his ability as an organizer the system of supply and evacuation of his Division functioned efficiently, which contributed greatly to the success of the 89th Division during the St. Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne offensives.
- Spanish Campaign Medal
- Army of Cuban Occupation Medal
- Army of Cuban Pacification Medal
- Mexican Service Medal
- World War I Victory Medal (United States) with three battle clasps (St. Mihiel, Meuse-Argonne, and Defensive Sector)
- Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
- French Croix De Guerre with two stars: During the preparation for the St. Mihiel attack in August 1918 he displayed the most brilliant qualities of organization and in some particularly dangerous reconnaissances he gave proof of the highest courage.
Dates of rank
|No Insignia in 1899||Second Lieutenant of Infantry United States Army: April 10, 1899, accepted May 1. Transferred to 10th Cavalry May 10.|
|First Lieutenant of Cavalry U.S Army: February 2, 1901, transferred to 15th Cavalry November 4, 1903.|
|Captain of Cavalry U.S. Army: August 20, 1906; Quartermaster April 16, 1912; assigned to 15th Cavalry December 15, 1912; Capt. Quartermaster Corps (Q.M.C.) March 4, 1913; assigned 10th Cavalry April 4, 1916.|
|Major of Cavalry U.S. Army: May 15, 1917; Q.M.C July 25 to August 19, 1917.|
|Lieutenant Colonel of Field Artillery, National Army (USA): August 5, 1917, accepted August 20.|
|Colonel of Cavalry, U.S. Army (other than permanent establishment): July 30, 1918; honorably discharged June 30, 1920.|
|Lieutenant Colonel of Cavalry, U.S. Army: July 1, 1920; transferred to Q.M.C. August 23, 1920.|
|Colonel of Q.M.C., U.S. Army: March 26, 1924|
Colonel Whitside was posthumously inducted into the Quartermaster Hall of Fame in June 18, 2010 at a ceremony at Fort Lee, Virginia.
- Russell, Major Samuel L., "Selfless Service: The Cavalry Career of Brigadier General Samuel M. Whitside from 1858 to 1902." MMAS Thesis, Fort Leavenworth: U.S. Command and General Staff College, 2002.
- New York Times, "Left College for War in '98 And Now Gets His Degree," Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES, May 31, 1936, Sunday, Section: GENERAL NEWS, Page N10.
- United States Congress, Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate of the United States, Volume 32, The University of Michigan, 1909. Pages 16 , 85, 271 and 272.
- United States War Department, General Orders, U.S. Adjutant General's Office, 1900. Page 73.
- Whitside, Samuel M., United States Army Dept of Santiago and Puerto Principe, Annual Report of Colonel Samuel M. Whitside, 10th U.S. Cavalry Commanding Department of Santiago and Puerto Principe, Adjutant General’s Office, 1900. Page 188.
- Tompkins, Frank, Chasing Villa: The Story Behind the Story of Pershing’s Expedition into Mexico, The Military Service Publishing Company, 1934. Page 259.
- Washington Post, "Army and Navy News: Army Orders," May 18, 1916, page 15.
- English, George H. and the War Society of the 89th Division, History of the 89th Division, U.S.A.: From Its Organization in 1917, through Its Operations in the World War, the Occupation of Germany and until Demobilization in 1919, War Society of the 89th Division, 1920, pages 21, 25, 26, 269, 299–301, 392, 483, 495, and 511.
- United States Congress House Committee on Military Affairs, Hearings, The University of Michigan, 1931. Page 16.
- Mechem, Kirke, James C. Malin, "Kansas State Historical Society," The Kansas Historical Quarterly, Volumes 24–25, Kansas State Historical Society, 1958. Page 66.
- Patterson, Homer L., Patterson’s American educational directory, Volume 27, Educational Directories, 1930, page 671.
- Arlington National Cemetery Website
- Adjutant General's Office, Official Army Register, 1922, page 34.
- BG Jesse R. Cross, Letter to LTC Sameul L. Russell, May 15, 2010.