Warrington North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Warrington North
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Warrington North in Cheshire
Outline map
Location of Cheshire within England
CountyCheshire
Electorate70,559 (2018)[1]
Major settlementsBirchwood, Glazebrook, Padgate
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of ParliamentCharlotte Nichols (Labour)
Number of membersOne
Created fromWarrington, Newton

Warrington North is a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom since 2019 by Charlotte Nichols of the Labour Party. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency is one of two covering the unitary authority of Warrington, Cheshire, the other being Warrington South. It covers the northern and eastern parts of the town, including Birchwood, Orford, Padgate Poulton,and Woolston, in effect suburbs that are contiguous. It also includes the villages of Burtonwood, Culcheth and Winwick.

It includes half of the historic but industrious town, which saw significant economic and population growth in the 20th century. In contrast to Warrington South, workless claimants who were registered jobseekers, constituted in November 2012 a higher proportion than the national average of 3.8% of the population, at 4.3%, this demonstrated marginally higher employment than in the North West as a whole, based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[2]

Creation[edit]

The constituency was created for the 1983 general election following the major reorganisation of local authorities under the Local Government Act 1972, which came into effect on 1 April 1974. It comprised parts of the abolished constituencies of Newton and Warrington.

Boundaries[edit]

1983–1997: The Borough of Warrington wards of Bewsey, Burtonwood, Croft, Culcheth and Glazebury, Fairfield, Howley, Hulme, Longford, Orford, Poulton-with-Fearnhead North, Poulton-with-Fearnhead South, Rixton and Woolston, Whitecross, and Winwick.[3]

Comprised the majority of the abolished Warrington constituency, together with parts of Newton, including Poulton, Winwick and Woolston.

1997–2010: The Borough of Warrington wards of Bewsey, Burtonwood, Culcheth, Glazebury and Croft, Fairfield, Hulme, Locking Stumps, Gorse Covert and Risley, Oakwood, Orford, Poplars, Poulton North, Poulton South, Rixton and Woolston, and Winwick.[4]

Under the Fourth Periodic Review of constituencies, the number of constituencies in Cheshire was increased from 10 to 11 and parts of Warrington South were now included in the newly created constituency of Weaver Vale. To compensate for this loss, the town centre area was transferred from the constituency to Warrington South.

2010–present: The Borough of Warrington wards of Birchwood, Burtonwood and Winwick, Culcheth, Glazebury and Croft, Fairfield and Howley, Orford, Poplars and Hulme, Poulton North, Poulton South, Rixton and Woolston, and Westbrook.[5]

The current boundaries were introduced at the 2010 general election, following the Fifth Periodic Review. Minor changes due to revision of ward boundaries.

Political history[edit]

Its first member of Parliament was Doug Hoyle,[n 1] who had first won the Warrington seat in a by-election in 1981, beating Roy Jenkins, the leader of the then-new Social Democratic Party in its first election. Hoyle stood down at the 1997 general election, and was replaced by Helen Jones, who held the seat from then until the 2019 general election, when she chose to stand down.[6] The seat was then held for Labour by Charlotte Nichols, albeit with a significantly reduced majority.[7]

Although 2010 saw a 6.6% swing from the Labour Party to the Conservative Party, all of its majorities until 2019 have not been marginal and therefore Warrington North was until then considered a safe seat for the Labour Party, who have selected all of the winning candidates for MP since the constituency's creation.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[8] Party
1983 Doug Hoyle Labour
1997 Helen Jones Labour
2019 Charlotte Nichols Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2019: Warrington North[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Charlotte Nichols 20,611 44.2 −12.2
Conservative Wendy Maisey 19,102 40.9 +4.3
Liberal Democrats David Crowther 3,071 6.6 +4.1
Brexit Party Elizabeth Babade 2,626 5.6 N/A
Green Lyndsay McAteer 1,257 2.7 +1.4
Majority 1,509 3.3 −16.4
Turnout 46,667 64.6 -2.9
Labour hold Swing -8.3
General election 2017: Warrington North[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Jones 27,356 56.4 + 8.6
Conservative Val Allen 17,774 36.6 + 8.5
UKIP James Ashington 1,561 3.2 – 13.9
Liberal Democrats Stefan Krizanac 1,207 2.5 – 1.7
Green Lyndsay McAteer 619 1.3 – 1.5
Majority 9,582 19.7 +0.1
Turnout 48,517 67.4 +4.9
Labour hold Swing
General election 2015: Warrington North[11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Jones 21,720 47.8 +2.3
Conservative Richard Short 12,797 28.2 -2.1
UKIP Trevor Nicholls 7,757 17.1 N/A
Liberal Democrats Stefan Krizanac 1,881 4.1 −16.7
Green Sarah Hayes 1,264 2.8 N/A
Majority 8,923 19.6
Turnout 45,419 62.5
Labour hold Swing
General election 2010: Warrington North[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Jones 20,135 45.5 −7.3
Conservative Paul Campbell 13,364 30.2 +5.9
Liberal Democrats Dave Eccles 9,196 20.8 +2.1
Independent Albert Scott 1,516 3.4 N/A
Majority 6,771 15.3
Turnout 44,211 61.7 +6.4
Labour hold Swing −6.6

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Warrington North[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Jones 21,632 53.5 −8.2
Conservative Andrew Ferryman 9,428 23.3 +0.5
Liberal Democrats Peter Walker 7,699 19.0 +5.6
UKIP John Kirkham 1,086 2.7 +0.7
Community Action Mike Hughes 573 1.4 +1.4
Majority 12,204 30.2
Turnout 40,418 55.1 +1.4
Labour hold Swing −4.4
General election 2001: Warrington North[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Jones 24,026 61.7 −0.4
Conservative James Usher 8,870 22.8 −1.2
Liberal Democrats Roy Smith 5,232 13.4 +3.1
UKIP John Kirkham 782 2.0 N/A
Majority 15,156 38.9
Turnout 38,910 53.7 −16.7
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Warrington North[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Helen Jones 31,827 62.1 +7.8
Conservative Ray Lacey 12,300 24.0 −9.6
Liberal Democrats Ian Greenhalgh 5,308 10.4 −1.1
Referendum Arthur Smith 1,816 3.5 N/A
Majority 19,527 38.1
Turnout 51,251 70.4
Labour hold Swing +8.7
General election 1992: Warrington North[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Doug Hoyle 33,019 54.3 +6.1
Conservative Colin Daniels 20,397 33.6 −0.6
Liberal Democrats Ian Greenhalgh 6,965 11.5 −6.2
Natural Law Brian Davis 400 0.7 N/A
Majority 12,622 20.8 +6.7
Turnout 60,781 77.3 +2.1
Labour hold Swing +3.3

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Warrington North[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Doug Hoyle 27,422 48.2 +7.0
Conservative Laurence Jones 19,409 34.1 +3.3
SDP Colin Bithell 10,046 17.7 −9.8
Majority 8,013 14.1
Turnout 56,877 75.2
Labour hold Swing +1.9
General election 1983: Warrington North[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Doug Hoyle 20,873 41.2 N/A
Conservative Stuart Sexton 15,596 30.8 N/A
SDP David S. Harrison 13,951 27.5 N/A
BNP Ian Sloan 267 0.5 N/A
Majority 5,277 10.4 N/A
Turnout 50,687 72.6 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Hoyle was awarded a life peerage in 1997, becoming Lord Hoyle (of Warrington)

References

  1. ^ "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995".
  5. ^ "Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007".
  6. ^ "Helen Jones retires and will not stand in 2019 election". Warrington Guardian. 30 October 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Warrington Borough Council, Election Results". Warrington Borough Council. 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  8. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
  9. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated" (PDF).
  10. ^ "General Election 2017: who is standing for election". Liverpool Echo. 11 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Warrington North". BBC News. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  18. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  19. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  20. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

Coordinates: 53°24′N 2°34′W / 53.400°N 2.567°W / 53.400; -2.567