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List of wars involving Israel

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Since its establishment in 1948, the State of Israel has fought eight recognized wars, two Palestinian intifadas, and a series of armed conflicts in the broader Arab-Israeli conflict.

Wars and other conflicts

Israel has been involved in a number of wars and large-scale military operations, including:

Table

Conflicts considered as wars by the Israeli Ministry of Defense (as they were named by Israel) are marked in bold.[3]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Israeli commanders Israeli losses
Israeli Prime Minister Defense Minister of Israel Chief of Staff of the IDF IDF
forces
Civilians
War of Independence
(1947–1949)
 Israel Egypt Egypt
 Iraq
Jordan Transjordan
Syria Syria
 Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
 Yemen
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Holy War Army
Arab League ALA
Victory
David Ben-Gurion
Yaakov Dori
~4,000
~2,400
Sinai War
(1956)
 Israel
United Kingdom United Kingdom
France France
Egypt Egypt Victory
  • Sinai demilitarized, UNEF deployed.
Moshe Dayan
231
None
Six-Day War
(1967)
 Israel  Egypt
 Syria
 Jordan
Iraq Iraq
Victory
Levi Eshkol
Moshe Dayan
Yitzhak Rabin
776
20
War of Attrition
(1967–1970)
 Israel  Egypt
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PLO
 Jordan
Both sides claimed victory
Golda Meir
Haim Bar-Lev
1,424[4]
227[5]
Yom Kippur War
(1973)
 Israel  Egypt
 Syria
Iraq Iraq
 Jordan
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 Cuba
Victory[6]
David Elazar
2,688
None[8]
Operation Litani
(1978)
 Israel
Lebanon FLA
Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PLO Victory
  • PLO retreat from South Lebanon.
Menachem Begin
Ezer Weizman
Mordechai Gur
18
None
First Lebanon War  Israel
Free Lebanon State
Lebanon Lebanese Front
Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PLO
Syria Syria
Lebanon Jammoul
Flag of the Amal Movement.svg Amal
Victory
Ariel Sharon
Rafael Eitan
657
2-3
Security Zone conflict
(1985–2000)
 Israel
Lebanon SLA
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah
PFLP-GC
Defeat[11]
  • Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon.[12]
  • The collapse of the SLA.
Shimon Peres
Yitzhak Shamir
Yitzhak Rabin
Benjamin Netanyahu
Ehud Barak
559
7
First Intifada
(1987–1993)
 Israel Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg Fatah
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas
Oslo I Accord
Yitzhak Shamir
Yitzhak Rabin
Dan Shomron
60
100
Second Intifada
(2000–2005)
 Israel Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PA
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas
Victory
  • Palestinian uprising suppressed.[13]
Ariel Sharon
Shaul Mofaz
Moshe Ya'alon
301
773
Second Lebanon War
(2006)
 Israel InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah Stalemate
Ehud Olmert
Amir Peretz
Dan Halutz
121
44
Operation Cast Lead
(2008–2009)
 Israel Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas Victory
Ehud Barak
Gabi Ashkenazi
10
3
Operation Pillar of Defense
(2012)
 Israel Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas Victory
  • Cessation of rocket fire into Israel.
Benjamin Netanyahu
Benny Gantz
2
4
Operation Protective Edge
(2014)
 Israel Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas Both sides claim victory
Moshe Ya'alon
67
6

Other armed conflicts involving the IDF

See also

References

  1. ^ "Q&A: Israel-Gaza violence". BBC. 19 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Israel and Hamas Trade Attacks as Tension Rises". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Israeli military decorations by campaign
  4. ^ Lorch, Netanel (September 2, 2003). "The Arab-Israeli Wars". Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved March 3, 2007. 
  5. ^ Schiff, Zeev, A History of the Israeli Army (1870–1974), Straight Arrow Books (San Francisco, 1974) p. 246, ISBN 0-87932-077-X
  6. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Double Day and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • Revisiting The Yom Kippur War, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2 ISBN 0-313-31302-4
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  7. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Siniver, Asaf. "Introduction." In The Yom Kippur War: Politics, Legacy, Diplomacy, 5. Oxford University Press.
  9. ^ Armies in Lebanon 1982–84, Samuel Katz and Lee E. Russell, Osprey Men-At-Arms series No. 165, 1985
  10. ^ Hirst, David (2010). Beware of Small States. NationBooks. pp. 144–145. ISBN 978-1-56858-657-1. In time, however, Arafat and his guerrilla leadership decided that they would have to withdraw, leaving no military and very little political or symbolic presence behind. Their enemy's firepower and overall strategic advantage were too great and it was apparently ready to use them to destroy the whole city over the heads of its inhabitants. The rank and file did not like this decision, and there were murmurings of 'treason' from some of Arafat's harsher critics. Had they not already held out, far longer than any Arab country in any former war, against all that the most powerful army in the Middle East – and the fourth most powerful in the world, according to Sharon – could throw against them? (...) But [Palestinians] knew that, if they expected too much, they could easily lose [Lebanense Muslim support] again. 'If this had been Jerusalem', they said, 'we would have stayed to the end. But Beirut is not outs to destroy. 
  11. ^ Helmer, Daniel Isaac. Flipside of the Coin: Israel's Lebanese Incursion Between 1982-2000. DIANE Publishing, 2010.
  12. ^
  13. ^ Sources:

External links