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List of wars involving Israel

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Since its establishment in 1948, the State of Israel has fought eight recognized wars, two Palestinian intifadas, and a series of armed conflicts in the broader Arab-Israeli conflict.

Wars and other conflicts

Israel has been involved in a number of wars and large-scale military operations, including:

Table

Conflicts considered as wars by the Israeli Ministry of Defense (as they were named by Israel) are marked in bold.[3]

Conflict Combatant 1 Combatant 2 Results Israeli commanders Israeli losses
Israeli Prime Minister Defense Minister of Israel Chief of Staff of the IDF IDF
forces
Civilians
War of Independence
(1947–1949)
 Israel Egypt Egypt
 Iraq
Jordan Transjordan
Syria Syria
 Lebanon
Saudi Arabia
 Yemen
Flag of Hejaz 1917.svg Holy War Army
Arab League ALA
Victory
David Ben-Gurion
Yaakov Dori
~4,000
~2,400
Sinai War
(1956)
 Israel
United Kingdom United Kingdom
France France
Egypt Egypt Victory
  • Sinai demilitarized, UNEF deployed.
Moshe Dayan
231
None
Six-Day War
(1967)
 Israel  Egypt
 Syria
 Jordan
Iraq Iraq
Victory
Levi Eshkol
Moshe Dayan
Yitzhak Rabin
776
20
War of Attrition
(1967–1970)
 Israel  Egypt
Soviet Union Soviet Union
Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PLO
 Jordan
Both sides claimed victory
Golda Meir
Haim Bar-Lev
1,424[4]
227[5]
Yom Kippur War
(1973)
 Israel  Egypt
 Syria
Iraq Iraq
 Jordan
 Algeria
Morocco Morocco
 Saudi Arabia
 Cuba
Victory[6]
David Elazar
2,688
None[8]
Operation Litani
(1978)
 Israel
Lebanon FLA
Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PLO Victory
  • PLO retreat from South Lebanon.
Menachem Begin
Ezer Weizman
Mordechai Gur
18
None
First Lebanon War
Security Zone conflict
(1982–2000)
 Israel
Lebanon SLA
Lebanon Lebanese Front
Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PLO
Syria Syria
InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah
Lebanon Jammoul
Flag of the Amal Movement.svg Amal
Defeat[9]
  • Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon.[10]
  • The collapse of the SLA.
Ariel Sharon
Rafael Eitan
1,216
Unknown
First Intifada
(1987–1993)
 Israel Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg Fatah
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas
Oslo I Accord
Yitzhak Shamir
Yitzhak Rabin
Dan Shomron
60
100
Second Intifada
(2000–2005)
 Israel Flag of Palestine - short triangle.svg PA
Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas
Victory
  • Palestinian uprising suppressed.[11]
Ariel Sharon
Shaul Mofaz
Moshe Ya'alon
301
773
Second Lebanon War
(2006)
 Israel InfoboxHez.PNG Hezbollah Stalemate
Ehud Olmert
Amir Peretz
Dan Halutz
121
44
Operation Cast Lead
(2008–2009)
 Israel Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas Victory
Ehud Barak
Gabi Ashkenazi
10
3
Operation Pillar of Defense
(2012)
 Israel Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas Victory
  • Cessation of rocket fire into Israel.
Benjamin Netanyahu
Benny Gantz
2
4
Operation Protective Edge
(2014)
 Israel Flag of Hamas.svg Hamas Both sides claim victory
Moshe Ya'alon
67
6

Other armed conflicts involving the IDF

See also

References

  1. ^ "Q&A: Israel-Gaza violence". BBC. 19 November 2012. 
  2. ^ "Israel and Hamas Trade Attacks as Tension Rises". The New York Times. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Israeli military decorations by campaign
  4. ^ Lorch, Netanel (September 2, 2003). "The Arab-Israeli Wars". Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved March 3, 2007. 
  5. ^ Schiff, Zeev, A History of the Israeli Army (1870–1974), Straight Arrow Books (San Francisco, 1974) p. 246, ISBN 0-87932-077-X
  6. ^ References:
    • Herzog, The War of Atonement, Little, Brown and Company, 1975. Forward
    • Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, Yom Kippur War, Double Day and Company, Inc, 1974, page 450
    • Luttwak and Horowitz, The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA, Abt Books, 1983
    • Rabinovich, The Yom Kippur War, Schocken Books, 2004. Page 498
    • https://books.google.com/books?id=z58nmWqS94MC Revisiting The Yom Kippur War ISBN 0-313-31302-4&lr=#v=onepage&q=&f=false, P.R. Kumaraswamy, pages 1–2
    • Johnson and Tierney, Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. Page 177
    • Charles Liebman, The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society Middle Eastern Studies, Vol 29, No. 3, July 1993. Published by Frank Cass, London. Page 411.
  7. ^ Loyola, Mario (7 October 2013). "How We Used to Do It - American diplomacy in the". National Review. p. 1. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  8. ^ Siniver, Asaf. "Introduction." In The Yom Kippur War: Politics, Legacy, Diplomacy, 5. Oxford University Press.
  9. ^ Helmer, Daniel Isaac. Flipside of the Coin: Israel's Lebanese Incursion Between 1982-2000. DIANE Publishing, 2010.
  10. ^
  11. ^ Sources:

External links