Gallatin County Courthouse
Location of Warsaw, Kentucky
|• Total||0.69 sq mi (1.80 km2)|
|• Land||0.65 sq mi (1.68 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)|
|Elevation||495 ft (151 m)|
|• Density||2,488/sq mi (960.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0506241|
Warsaw is a home rule-class city in and the county seat of Gallatin County, Kentucky, United States, along the Ohio River. The name was suggested by a riverboat captain, who was reading Thaddeus of Warsaw, by Jane Porter, at the time. The city had a population of 1,615 at the 2010 census, down from 1,811 at the 2000 census.
Warsaw is located in north-central Gallatin County, along the south bank of the Ohio River. Across the river is the unincorporated community of Florence, Indiana; the closest river crossing is the Markland Dam Bridge, 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to the west (downstream). U.S. Route 42 passes through the center of town, leading northeast 35 miles (56 km) to Covington and southwest along the Ohio River 17 miles (27 km) to Carrollton. Kentucky Route 35 leads south from Warsaw 6 miles (10 km) to Interstate 71 and the Kentucky Speedway in Sparta.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Warsaw has a total area of 0.69 square miles (1.8 km2), of which 0.66 square miles (1.7 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 6.47%, is water.
Warsaw began as a landing on the Ohio River in 1798 called "Great Landing". In 1805, founder Colonel Robert Johnson surveyed and built a road from this landing to his former home in Scott County, Kentucky. The landing soon became a busy shipping port.
In 1814, Colonel Johnson and Henry Yates purchased 200 acres (81 ha) to establish a river town to be named "Fredericksburg", after Johnson's hometown in Virginia. By 1815, the town plot was complete. The town extended from the river to Market Street and included 172 numbered lots, each 28.5 by 99 feet (8.7 by 30.2 m).
In 1831, the town was renamed "Warsaw" so the townspeople could have a post office. The post office was established July 18, 1832, with W.F. Clinton as postmaster. In 1837, the Gallatin County seat was moved from Port William (now Carrollton) to Warsaw. The courthouse is now the oldest operating one in the state. The oldest home in Warsaw is the Henry Yates House, a home built of log construction circa 1809.
On December 4, 1868, 80 people died in the Ohio River steamboat collision of the United States and the America near Warsaw.
The Warsaw Historic District was named to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982. It is roughly bounded by W. High, E. Franklin, Washington, Market, Main, 3rd, 4th and Cross streets. It features Italianate and Gothic Revival architecture.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,811 people, 737 households, and 451 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,868.3 people per square mile (720.9/km²). There were 830 housing units at an average density of 856.3 per square mile (330.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.88% White, 4.86% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.39% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.27% of the population.
There were 737 households out of which 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.7% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the city, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 92.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $25,179, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $30,174 versus $18,164 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,340. About 16.8% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.7% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over.
Richard Yates was born in 1815. His family moved to Illinois in 1831. He subsequently studied law at Transylvania University in Kentucky. He went on to serve in the Illinois House of Representatives, in the United States House of Representatives, and finally as governor of Illinois in 1860. He would later go on to serve in the Senate. Yates was an outspoken critic of slavery and as governor helped promote the Union cause during the Civil War.
In 1844, Carlotta Thompkins was born to a wealthy plantation owner. Her father, an ardent gambler, taught her the art of gaming from a very young age. In her early adulthood Thompkins traveled the Mississippi River looking for gambling opportunities. She ended up in Texas traveling the frontier and becoming one of the most well-known gamblers in the Old West. She became known as "Lottie Deno", the name which writers and storytellers would use in later years.
- List of cities and towns along the Ohio River
- Lynchings of Benjamin and Mollie French
- Gallatin County High School (Kentucky)
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Warsaw city, Kentucky". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2016.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Johnson, E. Polk (1912). A history of Kentucky and Kentuckians: The leaders and representative men in commerce, industry and modern activities. Lewis Publishing Company. p. 517.
- "Governor's Information: Illinois Governor Richard Yates". National Governors Association. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
- Rose, Cynthia: Lottie Deno from the Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 20 November 2009. Texas State Historical Association.
- Hughes, Johnny (January 2002). "Texas Tidbits: A name is just a name. Want to make a bet?". Texas Monthly.
- "National Register of Historical Places - KENTUCKY (KY), Gallatin County". www.nationalregisterofhistoricplaces.com. Retrieved 2015-08-03.