Saint Petersburg – Warsaw Railway

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Warsaw–St. Petersburg Railway
Warsaw dworzec kolei petersburgskiej 19w.jpg
Warsaw Wileńska Station (1862–1915)
Technical
Track gauge(WarsawGrodno) 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
(Saint PetersburgHrodna) 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in)
Route map

0,062
Warszawa Wileńska
Warszawa, ul. I. Kosmowskiej
Gdańsk Główny
Warszawa, ul. Radzymińska
2,718
Warszawa Wileńska Marki
Wschodnia Tow. (linia towarowa)
Warszawa, ul. Kraśnicka
Warszawa, Kanał Bródnowski
Warszawa, ul. Bukowiecka
Ząbki, ul. Łodygowa - DW634-PL.svg
Ząbki, ul. Stefana Batorego
6,746
Ząbki
Ząbki, ul. Kolejowa
Zielonka, al. J.Piłsudskiego - DW631-PL.svg
Zielonka Bankowa (Linia
rozebrana) Ząbki Rozjazd
449Warszawa Rembertów
Zielonka, ul. Kolejowa
9,942-14,472
ZIELONKA
Rzeka Długa
17,438
Kobyłka Ossów
19,339
Kobyłka
21,410
Wołomin
23,053
Wołomin Słoneczna
Wołomin, ul. Geodetów DW635-PL.svg
Rzeka Czarna
25,082
Zagościniec
27,750
Dobczyn
Rzeka Rządza
31,044
Klembów
13PilawaKrusze
34,838
Jasienica Mazowiecka
Rzeka Cienka
513 → p.odg. Jasienica Maz.
10Legionowo
Tłuszcz, ul. Norwida DW634-PL.svg
37,912
TŁUSZCZ
29Ostrołęka
41,020
Chrzęsne
42,084
Mokra Wieś
Podkolej DW636-PL.svg
47,587
Szewnica
Rzeka Fiszor
53,001
Urle
Rzeka Liwiec
55,235
Barchów
Łochów ul. Wyszkowska DK62-PL.svg
58,479
Łochów
63,689
Ostrówek Węgrowski
Topór DK50-PL.svg
68,680
Topór
Rzeka Ugoszcz
72,978
Sadowne Węgrowskie
Kanał Kaca
81,762
Prostyń
83,585
Post. odg. Prostyń Bug
514Treblinka
(nieprzejezdna)
Zmiana liczby torów na 1
Bug River
Rozjazd Małkinia Bug
Zmiana liczby torów na 2
Przewóz DW677-PL.svg DW694-PL.svg
34Siedlce
87,969
MAŁKINIA
34Ostrołęka
96,270
Zaręby Kościelne
99,260
Kietlanka
102,964
Szulborze Koty
Województwo mazowieckie woj.mazowieckie
105,700
Województwo podlaskie woj.podlaskie
Czyżew-Złote Jabłko DK63-PL.svg
Czyżew-Stacja DW690-PL.svg
111,838
Czyżew
118,077
Kity
120,800
Dąbrowa Łazy
Szepietowo DK66-PL.svg
127,379
Szepietowo
Rzeka Mień
132,363
Szymbory
135,825
Jabłoń Kościelna
140,474
Racibory
146,107
Zdrody Nowe
150,575
Łapy Osse
Łapy ul. Brańska DW681-PL.svg
36Ostrołęka
154,035
Łapy
Rzeka Narew
Uhowo ul. Kościelna DW682-PL.svg
156,265
Uhowo
160,117
Bojary
Baciuty DW678-PL.svg
163,251
Baciuty
167,107
Trypucie
168,996
Niewodnica
172,222
Klepacze
Rzeka Horodnianka
172,500
post. odg. Turczyn
516Białystok Starosielce
closed
173,570
Białystok Wiadukt
38BartoszyceBiałystok
515Białystok Starosielce
Białystok
32CzeremchaBiałystok
176,300
Post. odg. Białystok Towarowy
177,305
BIAŁYSTOK
Reduced to single track
Białystok al. SolidarnościDW676-PL.svg
37Białystok
Zubki Białostockie
Rzeka Biała
Białystok ul. gen. Maczka
DK8-PL.svg67
Białystok al. 1000 Państwa
Polskiego DK8-PL.svg 67
Rzeka Supraśl
185,155
Wasilków
Czarna River
191,278
Czarny Blok
mijanka Czarny Blok
195,280
Wólka Ratowiecka
199,178
Czarna Białostocka
203,118
Machnacz
Jałówka
207,525
Rozedranka
Rzeka Sokołda
212,882
Gieniusze
57Kuźnica Białostocka
(linia towarowa)
Sokółka ul. Białostocka DK19-PL.svg
Rzeka Sokółka
218,527
SOKÓŁKA
40Suwałki
Sokółka ul. Kryńska DW674-PL.svg
225,580
Kundzin
Łosośna River
227,100
Łosośna
228,100
Łosośna - bocznica szlakowa
228,320
Krex Czuprynowo - bocznica
szlakowa
230,146
Czuprynowo
Kuźnica DK19-PL.svg
234,349
KUŹNICA BIAŁOSTOCKA
Łosośna River
Poland Poland
Kuźnica − Grodno Border Crossing
Belarus Belarus
Bruzgi (Брузги)
Klochki
Klochki (Клочки)
Bokuny (Бокуны)
RIVER
Klochki R99
Nemeyschizna (Немейщизна)
RIVER
Korobchitsy (Коробчицы)
Gibulichi (Гибуличи)
Prigorodny (Пригородный)
00Mosty
Grodno, Suvorov Street
Grodno, Victory Street
Niemen
Grodno, Levanaberazhnaya Street
ROAD
GRODNO
ROAD
Grodno, Kochanowski Street
00Mosty
Kaplitsa (Каплица)
ROAD
Bogushevka (Богушевка)
ROAD
ROAD
Rybnitsa (Рыбница)
Pereseltsy (Пересельцы)
Losevo (Лосево)
00 ← xx
Porech'ye (Поречье)
Porech'ye P41
Salate (Салатье)
Lihachi (Лихачи)
Uzberezh (Узбережь)
Belarus Belarus
Uzberezh − Senovė Border Crossing (CLOSED 2004)
Lithuania Lithuania
Senovė
Kabeliai
Margionys
Darželiai
Marcinkonys
Zervynos
Varėna
Matuizos
Pamerkiai
Valkininkai
Alytus County Alytus County
Vilnius County Vilnius County
Kalviai
Klepočiai
Rūdiškės
Šklėriai
Miškiniai
10Trakai
Senieji Trakai
Kariotiškės
10Kaunas
Lentvaris
Vokė
Paneriai
VILNIUS
Naujoji Vilnia
Bezdonys
Pabradė
Švenčionėliai
Ignalina
Dūkštas
Turmantas
LTLV border
Kurcums
Grīva
Daugavpils
Kūdraine
Zaļumi
St.p.Medupe
Višķi
Vīganti
St.p.Ārdava
Aglona
St.p.Apsāni
St.p.Zalvezers
T.p.Krāce
St.p.Vainava
Malta
T.p.Pūpoli
Rēzekne
T.p.Kleperova
Burzava
Ilzēni
Mežvidi
Pureņi
St.p.Malnava
Kārsava
LVRU border
Ostrov
Gulbene
Pskov
(since 1859)
Luga
(since 1859)
nach Narva, Paldiski (Baltic Railway)
Gatchina
(since 1858)
from Saint Petersburg-Vitebsky Rail Terminal
Saint Petersburg-Warsaw Rail Terminal
(1851–2001)

The Saint Petersburg–Warsaw Railway, Russian "Санкт-Петербурго-Варшавская железная дорога" (transcription: Sankt-Peterburgo–Varshavskaya zheleznaya doroga) is a 1,333 km (828 mi) long railway, built in the 19th century by the Russian Empire to connect Russia with Central Europe. At the time the entire railway was within Russia, as Warsaw was under a Russian partition of Poland. Due to territorial changes, the line now lies within five countries and crosses the eastern border of the European Union three times. Therefore, no passenger trains follow the entire route. Travel by passenger train between Saint Petersburg and Warsaw today (2010) passes Brest instead.

History[edit]

Construction[edit]

In February 1851 the Tsarist Government of Russia made a decision to build the St. Petersburg–Warsaw railway line with a length of approximately 1,250 kilometres. It was built to Russian gauge. Construction was completed in 1862.

Now abandoned line between Marcinkonys and Porechye in Lithuania

The first section of the railway was completed in 1853 between Saint Petersburg and Gatchina, with daily scheduled train service started on October 31, 1853. On July 19, 1858, the first train arrived in Pskov.[1]

In May 1858, construction started near Vilnius on the first section of 19 kilometers. On 1 May 1859 the ground works started along the entire route DaugavpilsVilniusLentvarisKaunasKybartai. The end of summer of 1860 marked the end of the construction of the Ostrov-Daugavpils–Vilnius railway. The first train from Daugavpils arrived in Vilnius on 16 September 1860. In 1861, this branch was completed to the Prussian border, and between Verzhbolovo Station in Kybartai and Eydtkuhnen in Prussia (now Chernyshevskoye in Russian Kaliningrad Oblast) the first junction between Russian gauge and standard gauge railway systems was built, with rails in both gauges between the border stations.

The construction of the section from Lentvaris to Warsaw was completed on December 15, 1862.

The first locomotives for the St. Petersburg–Warsaw railway were bought in England, France, and Belgium. They were “G” class 0-6-0s with two cylinders. They were produced in Manchester in 1857, in Paris in 1860, and in Belgium in 1862. Their weight was 30–32 tons.

St. Petersburg–Warsaw railway station in Daugavpils

The portion between Vilnius and Warsaw was rebuilt in the standard gauge in the 1920s when that area belonged to Poland. The railway was partly destroyed during both world wars.

Map from 1902 which includes all of the railway

References[edit]

  • "Line Riga–Valka celebrates 120 years "Latvijas dzelzceļš"". Latvian State Railways. Retrieved 28 July 2009. In 1907 Baltic Railway was merged with St.Petersburg–Warsaw Railway and was made the Northwest Railways
  • Rakov, V. A. (Vitaliĭ Aleksandrovich) (1995). Lokomotivy otechestvennykh zheleznykh dorog, 1845-195. Moskva: Transport. ISBN 5-277-00821-7.