Warwick, Queensland

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Warwick
Queensland
Warwick Queensland Town Hall (2104482620).jpg
Town Hall
Warwick is located in Queensland
Warwick
Warwick
Coordinates28°13′0″S 152°01′0″E / 28.21667°S 152.01667°E / -28.21667; 152.01667Coordinates: 28°13′0″S 152°01′0″E / 28.21667°S 152.01667°E / -28.21667; 152.01667
Population15,130 (2016 census)[1]
Established1850
Postcode(s)4370
Elevation477 m (1,565 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Southern Downs Region
CountyMerivale
State electorate(s)Southern Downs
Federal Division(s)Maranoa
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.2 °C
76 °F
10.8 °C
51 °F
692.1 mm
27.2 in
Localities around Warwick:
Allan Womina Sladevale
Rosenthal Heights Warwick Mount Tabor
Rosenthal Heights Morgan Park Canningvale

Warwick /ˈwɒrɪk/[2] is a town and locality in southeast Queensland, Australia, lying 130 kilometres (81 mi) south-west of Brisbane.[3][4] It is the administrative centre of the Southern Downs Region local government area. The surrounding Darling Downs have fostered a strong agricultural industry for which Warwick, together with the larger city of Toowoomba, serve as convenient service centres. The town had an urban population of approximately 15,000 as at the 2016 Census.[1]

Geography[edit]

The Condamine River meanders from the east to the north-west of Warwick. One of its tributaries, Rosenthal Creek, enters Warwick from the south and enters the Condamine within Warwick.[5]

The Cunningham Highway and the New England Highway jointly enter Warwick from the north, cross the Condamine River, and then turn west within the town close to the Warwick central business district. The Cunningham Highway then continues west towards Goondiwindi, while the New England Highway heads south towards Stanthorpe.[5]

The Condamine River often floods, which can disconnect the northern and southern parts of Warwick and close the highways. Gauges that measure river height are used to provide flood alerts to residents. Low-lying land around the river is mostly used for recreation to minimise the damage caused by flooding with most developed areas at higher levels. Queens Park is a major park based around the river and the highway crossing.[6]

The Warwick central business district is laid out on a grid pattern and lies within one or two blocks of the long main street, Palmerin Street with Grafton Street the major cross-street. The statue of former Queensland Premier Thomas Byrnes is located at their intersection.[5]

History[edit]

Second St. Mark's Church of England, Warwick, ca. 1872, the first (wooden) church can be seen in the background.

The Warwick Green Belt, on the banks of the Condamine River, features a sculpture of Tiddalik the mythical frog that drank all of the fresh water in a renowned Aboriginal Dreamtime story.[7]

Architectural plans of the "new" hospital in Locke Street, 1888

Patrick Leslie and his two brothers originally settled in the area as squatters, naming their run Canning Downs. In 1847 the NSW government asked Leslie to select a site on his station for a township, which was to be called 'Cannington,' although the name 'Warwick' was eventually settled on. Land sales were held in 1850, and the first allotment was bought by Leslie.[8] The telegraph to Brisbane was operating by 1861. The 1870s were boom years for this new town. In 1871 the railway reached Warwick,[9] a brewery was built in 1873, then a cooperative flour mill and brickworks were completed during 1874.

Warwick was the seat of a series of local government areas, the Borough of Warwick from 1861, Town of Warwick from 1903, City of Warwick from 1936, Shire of Warwick from 1994, and Southern Downs Region from 2008.

Architectural plan of the Warwick Baby Clinic, 1923

In 1878 the Queensland Government raised a loan of £5,000 to build a new hospital in Warwick. However, it was not until September 1880 after considerable local agitation that the government called for tenders to build the hospital, resulting in a contract awarded to A.W. Doorey to build the hospital. [10][11][12] However by February 1881, tenders were being called for again, and in April 1881 the Queensland Government announced the hospital would not proceed.[13][14] In June 1881, the government indicated that they would proceed if the local financial subscriptions to the hospital were increased.[15] Tenders were called again in February 1882 resulting in a contract with Messrs Wallace and Gibson in March 1882.[16][17] Finally on Thursday 19 June 1884, the patients were moved from the old hospital to the new hospital in Locke Street.[18] On 29 November 1917, the Warwick Incident occurred, which would lead to the formation of the Australian Commonwealth Police with the first commissioner for Commonwealth Police appointed eight days later.[19] As Prime Minister William Morris Hughes was addressing a crowd at the Warwick railway station, a man in the crowd threw an egg dislodging the Prime Minister's hat. Hughes ordered his arrest but the Queensland State policeman present refused to carry out the orders saying that Hughes had no authority over him.

Warwick Baby Clinic, 1932

Although the Queensland Government had architectural plans for a Baby Clinic in Warwick from at least 1923,[20] it was not until Friday 21 February 1930 that the Warwick Baby Clinic was officially opened by Home Secretary J.C. Peterson. The building cost about £2,000 and was built on land donated by the Warwick ambulance brigade. The purpose of baby clinics was to prevent disease in early childhood and the Warwick Baby Clinic was the 15th built in Queensland.[21]

The current Warwick Public Library opened in 1964 with a major refurbishment in 1999.[22]

Monuments[edit]

A statue of the 12th Queensland Premier Thomas Joseph Byrnes is located on the corner of Palmerin and Grafton Streets.The Thomas Joseph Byrnes Monument was built about 1901.[23]

Warwick War Memorial, 2008

The Warwick War Memorial was built in 1923 and the memorial gates were built in 1924.[24]

Heritage listings[edit]

Warwick has many heritage-listed buildings, including those listed on:

Climate[edit]

Warwick has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with hot summers and cool to cold winters. It is slightly cooler and less humid than the proximate southeast Queensland coast due to its inland, elevation location. Frost is present in winter. It should be noted that the climate bears similarities with Richmond, an inland suburb of Sydney, in southern New South Wales.

Climate data for Warwick, Queensland
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.9
(105.6)
42.2
(108)
37.2
(99)
33.3
(91.9)
29.7
(85.5)
27.3
(81.1)
26.0
(78.8)
33.0
(91.4)
36.6
(97.9)
38.5
(101.3)
39.8
(103.6)
40.4
(104.7)
42.2
(108)
Average high °C (°F) 30.1
(86.2)
29.3
(84.7)
27.5
(81.5)
24.9
(76.8)
21.0
(69.8)
18.3
(64.9)
17.9
(64.2)
20.0
(68)
23.6
(74.5)
25.8
(78.4)
27.6
(81.7)
29.1
(84.4)
24.6
(76.3)
Average low °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
17.0
(62.6)
14.9
(58.8)
11.3
(52.3)
6.7
(44.1)
4.8
(40.6)
3.1
(37.6)
3.1
(37.6)
7.1
(44.8)
10.4
(50.7)
13.7
(56.7)
15.8
(60.4)
10.4
(50.7)
Record low °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
7.9
(46.2)
2.9
(37.2)
−1.8
(28.8)
−4.7
(23.5)
−7.0
(19.4)
−7.7
(18.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
0.9
(33.6)
1.9
(35.4)
6.5
(43.7)
−7.7
(18.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82.7
(3.256)
64.7
(2.547)
62.6
(2.465)
31.5
(1.24)
40.5
(1.594)
36.8
(1.449)
27.2
(1.071)
23.2
(0.913)
36.0
(1.417)
73.9
(2.909)
90.2
(3.551)
101.9
(4.012)
670.4
(26.394)
Average precipitation days 8.8 8.8 8.6 7.3 7.9 9.2 7.7 5.7 6.6 8.3 10.0 10.5 99.5
Average relative humidity (%) 47 50 47 46 47 50 44 38 36 38 44 43 44
Mean monthly sunshine hours 241.8 193.2 220.1 234 217 183 223.2 241.8 252 235.6 225 241.8 2,708.5
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[26]

Communications[edit]

Presenter and guests at 4WK radio station, Warwick, circa 1940

Newspapers in Warwick include the Warwick Daily News, the Warwick and Southern Downs Weekly and the Southern Free Times. Former newspapers include the Warwick Argus which was published from 1879 to 1919, the Warwick Argus and Tenterfield Chronicle and the Warwick Examiner and Times. Radio station 4WK was established in May 1935.[27] Its coverage was gradually extended to Toowoomba, Pittsworth, Millmerran, Clifton, Allora, Stanthorpe, Crows Nest, Highfields, Dalby, Oakey, Tara, Goondiwindi, Boonah, and Esk. It now broadcasts from Toowoomba.[28]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people with a connection to Warwick include

Attractions[edit]

Facilities[edit]

The Southern Downs Regional Council operates a public library in Warwick at 49 Albion Street.[32]

Education[edit]

There are a number of schools in the town.

Warwick Central State School opened on 26 July 1865.[33]

Warwick East State School opened on 4 November 1850.[33] It is one of the oldest state primary schools in Queensland.[34]

Warwick West State School opened on 31 January 1956.[33]

Warwick State High School opened on 1 February 1912.[33] It is one of the oldest state secondary schools in Queensland.[35]

Culture[edit]

Sport[edit]

Warwick has a rugby union team which compete in the Darling Downs Rugby Union competition, against such teams as the University of Southern Queensland Rugby Union Club, Toowoomba Rangers Rugby Union Club, Toowoomba City Rugby Club, Roma Echidnas, the Condamine Cods, the Dalby Wheatmen, the Goondiwindi Emus, the Warwick Water Rats and the University of Queensland Rugby Union Club (Gatton Campus).

The Warwick Cowboys, coached by one-time champion NRL coach Phil Economidis, play in the Toowoomba Rugby League.

Events[edit]

  • Warwick Agricultural Show (March) [36]
  • FEI Eventing World Cup (May)
  • Jumpers and Jazz in July Festival (July)[37]
  • The "Rose Bowl" Polocrosse Carnival (August)
  • Warwick Trots (Harness Racing) (Darling Downs Harness Racing Club at Allman Park Racecourse) Father's Day, September
  • Warwick Cup (Thoroughbred Horse Racing) (Warwick Turf Club at Allman Park Racecourse) October
  • Warwick Rodeo (October)[38]
  • Rose Festival (October)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Warwick (SUA)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne, The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. ISBN 1-876429-14-3
  3. ^ "Warwick - town (entry 36641)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  4. ^ "Warwick - locality (entry 47653)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  5. ^ a b c "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Archived from the original on 30 March 2017. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  6. ^ "Warwick Flood Emergency Action Guide". Southern Downs Regional Council. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  7. ^ "Other Attractions". Southern Downs Regional Council. Archived from the original on 6 October 2011.
  8. ^ "Warwick Historical Information". www.smh.com.au. 15 August 2007. Archived from the original on 17 February 2007. Retrieved 14 December 2006.
  9. ^ The Centenary of the Southern Line Kerr, J.D. Australian Railway Historical Society Bulletin, December, 1970 pp261-291
  10. ^ "Warwick". The Brisbane Courier. XXXV, (4, 140). Queensland, Australia. 27 August 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ "Official Notifications". The Brisbane Courier. XXXV, (4, 153). Queensland, Australia. 11 September 1880. p. 6. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "OFFICIAL NOTIFICATIONS". The Darling Downs Gazette And General Advertiser. XX, (4053). Queensland, Australia. 6 November 1880. p. 3. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "The Warwick Argus". Warwick Argus. XVI, (918). Queensland, Australia. 8 February 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ "QUEENSLAND NEWS". The Telegraph (2, 624). Queensland, Australia. 12 April 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "Local and General News". Warwick Examiner And Times. XV, (763). Queensland, Australia. 1 June 1881. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "Official Notifications". The Brisbane Courier. XXXVI, (7, 509). Queensland, Australia. 4 February 1882. p. 6. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "Melbourne". Warwick Argus. XVII, (1029). Queensland, Australia. 14 March 1882. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "Warwick Hospital". Warwick Examiner And Times. XVIII, (1078). Queensland, Australia. 25 June 1884. p. 2. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ Warwick Incident Archived 14 June 2005 at the Wayback Machine., published 7 January 2007 (accessed 7 January 2007)
  20. ^ "Item ID1430502, Plan of the Warwick Baby Clinic, Warwick". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  21. ^ "BABY CLINIC". Warwick Daily News (3323). Queensland, Australia. 22 February 1930. p. 5. Retrieved 20 October 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
  22. ^ "Queensland Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-2017" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. November 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  23. ^ Gibson, Lisanne; Joanna Besley (2004). Monumental Queensland: Signposts on a Cultural Landscape. University of Queensland Press. p. 26. ISBN 0702234656. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
  24. ^ "Warwick War Memorial". Queensland War Memorial Register. Archived from the original on 7 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014.
  25. ^ "Warwick Post Office (Place ID 105537)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 1 October 2018.
  26. ^ "Climate Statistics for Warwick, Queensland". Archived from the original on 16 March 2011. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  27. ^ "4WK Warwick". www.radioheritage.net. Archived from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  28. ^ "Our Company / Network - 4WK - Informing and Entertaining". www.4wk.com.au. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  29. ^ "Museums - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  30. ^ "Glengallan Homestead - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  31. ^ "Art Galleries - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  32. ^ "Warwick Library". Public Libraries Connect. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 22 January 2018.
  33. ^ a b c d "Opening and closing dates of Queensland schools (U-W)". education.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  34. ^ "The oldest state primary schools in Queensland". education.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 23 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  35. ^ "The oldest state secondary schools in Queensland". education.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 29 January 2018. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  36. ^ "Local Shows - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  37. ^ "Events - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
  38. ^ "Warwick Rodeo - Southern Downs Regional Council". www.sdrc.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 27 September 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]