Warwick and Leamington (UK Parliament constituency)
|Warwick and Leamington|
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Warwick and Leamington in Warwickshire.
Location of Warwickshire within England.
|Electorate||66,278 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Warwick and Leamington|
|Member of parliament||Matt Western (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||West Midlands|
- 1 Members of Parliament
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 History
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 6 See also
- 7 Footnotes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Members of Parliament
|1885||Arthur Peel||Liberal||Speaker of the House of Commons 1884–95|
|1895 by-election||Alfred Lyttelton||Liberal Unionist|
|Jan 1910||Ernest Pollock||Conservative||Solicitor General then Attorney General (1919–1922)|
|1923||Sir Anthony Eden||Conservative||Leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister (1955–1957), resigned January 1957|
|1957 by-election||John Hobson||Conservative||Solicitor General then Attorney General (1962–1964), died December 1967|
|1968 by-election||Dudley Smith||Conservative|
The seat comprises the two eponymous towns, with modest hills surrounding them, in the upper valley of the River Avon (Warwickshire).
The towns of Warwick and Royal Leamington Spa are still distinct, however, and form, in the modern seat, a contiguous urban area. Both towns are relatively affluent, although there are pockets of deprivation in Leamington. Warwick, with its historic castle, is an internationally advertised tourist destination, while Leamington's economy is more dependent on storage, distribution, manufacturing, processing, engineering and industry. Leamington is also more ethnically diverse (e.g. five per cent of the constituency's population is of Asian ethnicity)[clarification needed] and is home to some students of the University of Warwick that lies close to Coventry.
Unemployment claimants who were registered jobseekers were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 2.2% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.
2010–present: The District of Warwick wards of Bishop's Tachbrook, Brunswick, Budbrooke, Clarendon, Crown, Manor, Milverton, Warwick North, Warwick South, Warwick West, Whitnash, and Willes. The 2010 boundary changes reduced the constituency's area by removing outlying villages, reflecting population and housing growth.
1997-2010: The District of Warwick wards of Bishop's Tachbrook, Brunswick, Budbrooke, Clarendon, Crown, Cubbington, Lapworth, Leek Wootton, Manor, Milverton, Radford Semele, Warwick North, Warwick South, Warwick West, Whitnash, and Willes, and the District of Stratford-on-Avon wards of Henley, Tanworth, and Tanworth Earlswood.
1983-1997: The District of Warwick wards of Bishop's Tachbrook, Brunswick, Budbrooke, Clarendon, Crown, Cubbington, Lapworth, Leek Wootton, Manor, Milverton, Radford Semele, Warwick North, Warwick South, Warwick West, Whitnash, and Willes.
1974-1983: As 1950 but with redrawn boundaries.
1950-1974: The Municipal Boroughs of Royal Leamington Spa and Warwick, the Urban District of Kenilworth, and the Rural District of Warwick.
1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Royal Leamington Spa, Stratford-on-Avon, and Warwick, the Urban District of Kenilworth, the Rural Districts of Alcester and Warwick, and parts of the Rural Districts of Brailes and Stratford-on-Avon.
- Political history
Represented by Conservatives from 1910–1997, the seat was for much of this time a safe seat, seeing frequent majorities of more than 10,000 votes. The seat had not been expected to change hands in the 1997 general election: as such James Plaskitt's defeat of Dudley Smith was a Portillo moment, without the decapitation of a government frontbencher. Plaskitt increased his majority in the 2001 election, but on a lower turnout. In the 2005 election, Warwick and Leamington was 85th on the Conservative list of target seats, meaning that to gain it they would have required a somewhat greater swing than was seen nationally. With a greater swing from Labour to the Liberal Democrats, Plaskitt narrowly held the seat with a majority slashed from nearly 6,000 votes to only 266.
However, minor boundary changes in Labour's favour took effect at the 2010 general election and the winner was variously predicted. In the event the seat was gained by a Conservative, Chris White, with a majority of 7% of the vote. On this occasion the Conservative Party was the main beneficiary from swings away from the Labour Party and the Green Party. White held the seat in 2015 with an increased majority of 6,606. Labour's Matthew Western won the seat from the Conservatives on a swing of 7.6% in the 2017 election, overturning a 6,606 vote lead (this was the 4th biggest lead overturned by Labour at this election). This made Matt Western just the second Labour MP for Warwick and Leamington in the seat's history.
- Prominent members
In part of the early 1920s, the Solicitor General for England and Wales, then Attorney General for England and Wales represented the seat, Sir Ernest Pollock – Eden's successor was also in these senior positions, Sir John Hobson, in the part of early 1960s.
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||Nick Solman||2,810||5.2||+0.2|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Haseeb Arif||2,512||5.0||-13.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Alan Beddow||8,977||18.3||+2.4|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+8.75|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrat||Linda Forbes||8,119||14.8||+3.7|
|Liberal Democrat||Linda Forbes||5,964||11.1||-0.7|
|Socialist Alliance||Claire Kime||664||1.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Hicks||7,133||11.9||-4.7|
|Natural Law||Roddy McCarthy||125||0.2||-0.1|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+10.5|
|Liberal Democrat||S. E. Boad||9,645||16.6||-7.9|
|Natural Law||J. Brewster||156||0.3||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||Kevin O'Sullivan||13,548||24.5||-1.4|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||R. Behrens||13,480||25.9||+10.9|
Elections in the 1970s
|Labour||C. J. Gray||19,367||29.3||-3.8|
|Labour||J. W. England||19,476||33.1||+3.4|
|Liberal||T. A. Jones||11,625||19.8||-3.0|
|Labour||J. W. England||18,874||29.7||-6.9|
|Liberal||T. A. Jones||14,500||22.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1960s
Elections in the 1950s
Election in the 1940s
General Election 1939/40: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;
Elections in the 1930s
|Independent Labour||Charles George Garton||9,261||19.36|
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||Charles George Garton||7,741||16.0||n/a|
Elections in the 1910s
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.4|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal Unionist||Alfred Lyttelton||2,802||48.2||−10.6|
|Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist||Swing||+10.6|
|Liberal Unionist||Alfred Lyttelton||2,689||51.8||−7.0|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||−7.0|
|Liberal Unionist||Alfred Lyttelton||2,785||58.8||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal Unionist||Alfred Lyttelton||Unopposed|
|Liberal Unionist hold|
|Liberal Unionist||Alfred Lyttelton||2,815||55.7||N/A|
|Liberal Unionist hold||Swing||N/A|
- Caused by Peel's elevation to the peerage, becoming Viscount Peel.
|Speaker (Liberal Unionist)||Arthur Peel||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1880s
|Speaker (Liberal Unionist)||Arthur Peel||Unopposed|
|Speaker (Liberal)||Arthur Peel||2,644||53.8||N/A|
|Conservative||Edward Montague Nelson||2,272||46.2||N/A|
|Speaker win (new seat)|
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 1)
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- 2010 post-revision map non-metropolitan areas and unitary authorities of England
- "Election results 2017: Labour takes Warwick and Leamington seat". bbc.co.uk. 2017-06-09. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
- "General election 2017". Warwick District Council. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Elections 2015". Warwick District Council. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Warwick District Council, Official list of candidates" (PDF).
- "UK > England > West Midlands > Warwick & Leamington". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "BBC NEWS-Election 2005-Results-Warwick & Leamington". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Politics". the Guardian.
- "BBC NEWS-VOTE 2001-RESULTS & CONSTITUENCIES-Warwick & Leamington". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "United Kingdom Parliamentary Election results 1997-: English Counties part 3". www.election.demon.co.uk.
- "British Parliamentary Election results 1983-97: English Counties". www.election.demon.co.uk.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- "The New Parliament". The Morning Post. 25 November 1885. p. 5. Retrieved 14 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources: UK General Elections since 1832
- 1968 By Election Results
- 1957 By Election Results
- Catalogue of the Warwick and Leamington Constituency Labour Party archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Speaker
| Constituency represented by the Prime Minister